Off-reservation trust land
of the United States
Tribal Government In-Country Tribal Division Leaded By Tribal Leader/Tribal Council/Tribal Ministry * Indian reservation (list) / Hawaiian home land / Alaska Native tribal entity / Pueblo / Off-reservation trust land / Tribal sovereignty / Latin American Indian / Mestizos in the United States / Indigenous / Indigenous and community conserved area / indigenous peoples / Native American
Off-reservation trust land refers to real estate outside an Indian reservation that is held by the Interior Department for the benefit of a Native American tribe or a member of a tribe. Typical uses of off-reservation trust land include housing, agriculture or forestry, and community services such as health care and education. The US Census has provided data for trust lands since the 1980 Census.
Under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, tribes can purchase off-reservation land and have it placed in trust in order to operate casinos on the land. For example, in 2015 the Spokane tribe won Bureau of Indian Affairs approval for an off-reservation casino. In 2008, the BIA issued guidance that such lands would need to be a "reasonable commute" from the reservation.
- "Trust Land Overview". National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
- Rave, Jode (March 31, 2005). "Native officials, others discuss off-reservation trust lands". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
- Foley, Tom. "New BIA policy concerning "off-reservation" gaming lands acquisitions" (PDF). American Bar Association. American Bar Association. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
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