Office de Radiodiffusion Télévision Française

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Office de Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française
TypeÉtablissement public à caractère industriel et commercial
Country
France
OwnerGovernment of France
Key people
Jacques-Bernard Dupont
Jean-Jacques de Bresson
Arthur Conte
Marceau Long
Launch date
June 27, 1964
DissolvedDecember 31, 1974
AffiliatesRadio Stations:

TV Channels:

Others:

ReplacedRadiodiffusion-Télévision Française
Replaced byTF1
France 2
France 3
SFP
INA
TDF
Radio France

The Office de Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (ORTF) was the national agency charged, between 1964 and 1974, with providing public radio and television in France. All programming, and especially news broadcasts, were under strict control of the national government.[1][2]

Post World War II[edit]

A public monopoly on broadcasting in France had been established with the formation of Radiodiffusion Française (RDF) in 1945. RDF was renamed Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (RTF) in 1949 and replaced by the ORTF in 1964.

In 1970, during a press conference, Georges Pompidou, initiated a will to modernize affirming that information to the ORTF must be free, independent and impartial, while stressing that it remains "the voice of France whether we like it or not. "[3]

From the beginning, the public broadcaster experienced fierce competition from the "peripheral stations": French-speaking stations aimed at the French public but transmitting on longwave from neighbouring countries, such as Radio Monte Carlo (RMC) from Monaco, Radio Luxembourg (later RTL) from Luxembourg, and Europe 1 from Germany (exceptionally, in 1974, RMC was allowed to set up a transmitter on French territory).

French broadcasting revolution[edit]

On December 31, 1974, the ORTF split in 5, leaving 7 successor institutions:

Membership of the European Broadcasting Union[edit]

In 1950 the ORTF's predecessor, RTF, had been one of 23 founding broadcasting organisations of the European Broadcasting Union. Upon the break-up of the ORTF in 1974, French membership of the EBU was transferred to the transmission company TDF, while TF1 became a second French active member. A2, FR3, and SRF became supplementary active members before eventually becoming full members in 1982. In 1983 the French public broadcasters' membership was transferred to a joint organisation, the Organisme français de radiodiffusion et de télévision (OFRT). Nine years later, the OFRT was succeeded by the Groupement des Radiodiffuseurs Français de l’UER (GRF) which currently holds one of the French memberships of the EBU.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J.F.V. Keiger, France and the World since 1870 (2001) p 39.
  2. ^ Raymond Kuhn (2006). The Media in France. Routledge. pp. 70–180. ISBN 9781134980536.
  3. ^ "Naissance et disparition de l'ORTF". https://www.ina.fr/. Retrieved 17 February 2020. External link in |website= (help)