General Prosecutor of Ukraine

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Prosecution of Ukraine
Emblem of the Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine.png
Prosecutor General's Office of Ukraine, Kiev, Riznytska St.jpg
Agency overview
Formed December 1, 1991; 24 years ago (1991-12-01)
Jurisdiction Constitution of Ukraine
Headquarters Kyiv
Motto "Закон. Честь. Гідність." (Ukrainian: "Law. Honour. Dignity.")
Employees 15,000 (2014)
Agency executive
Website gp.gov.ua
General Prosecutor of Ukraine
Генеральний прокурор України
Луценко Юрій Віталійович.jpg
Incumbent
Yuriy Lutsenko[1]

since 12 May 2016[1]
Appointer President
with parliamentary advice and consent
Term length Five years
Constituting instrument Constitution of Ukraine, Article 122
Inaugural holder Dmytro Markevych (originally) / Viktor Shishkin
Formation January 18, 1918 (originally) / November 5, 1991
Deputy First Deputy
Website www.gp.gov.ua
Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ukraine

The General Prosecutor of Ukraine (also Attorney General of Ukraine, Ukrainian: Генеральний прокурор України) heads the system of official prosecution in courts known as the Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine (Генеральна прокуратура України). The term of authority of the Prosecutor is five years. She or he is appointed and dismissed by the president with parliamentary consent.[2] Parliament can force the Prosecutor General to resign after a vote of no-confidence, with a required number of votes.[2]

The current Prosecutor General is Yuriy Lutsenko (since 12 May 2016).[1]

There are seven more additional deputies to the General Prosecutor.

Definition[edit]

The Office of the Prosecutor General is entrusted with:

  1. prosecution in court on behalf of the State;
  2. representation of the interests of a citizen or of the State in court in cases determined by law;
  3. supervision of the observance of laws by bodies that conduct detective and search activity, inquiry and pre-trial investigation;
  4. supervision of the observance of laws in the execution of judicial decisions in criminal cases, and also in the application of other measures of coercion related to the restraint of personal liberty of citizens.

The Prosecutor General is appointed to office by the President of Ukraine with the consent of the Verkhovna Rada (parliament).[3] The Prosecutor is dismissed from office by the President.[3] The Verkhovna Rada may express no confidence in the Prosecutor which will results, after a required number of votes is achieved,[2] in their resignation from office.[3]

Duties and powers[edit]

Both in theory and in practice, the Prosecutor General and their office wield considerable power. For instance, only the Prosecutor General and the Chairman of the Supreme Court of Ukraine may file requests to the Verkhovna Rada to withhold the immunity of deputies from detainment or arrest.

On annual basis the General Prosecutor has to report to the Verkhovna Rada about the legal situation in the country.

The General Prosecutor creates a collegiate council consisting out of the General Prosecutor, their first and other deputies, the Prosecutor of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea[nb 1], and other leaders of prosecution agencies.

The independent agency General Inspectorate oversees "the legality of actions undertaken by prosecutors and investigators of the whole prosecution system".[7]

Supporting agencies[edit]

List of General Prosecutors of Soviet Ukraine[edit]

In the early years of the Ukrainian SSR, the office of Prosecutor General was merged with the Minister of Justice until spring 1936.

# General Prosecutor of the Ukrainian SSR Name
1 June 1922 — 1927 Mykola Skrypnyk
2 1927 — 1930 Vasyl Poraiko
3 1930 — 1933 Vasyl Polyakov
4 1933 — 1935 Mykhailo Mykhailyk
5 1935 — 1936 Arkadiy Kiselyov
6 spring 1936 Grigoriy Zhelyeznogorskiy

List of prosecutor of Soviet Ukraine[edit]

From 1937 to 1991 the republican prosecution office of Ukraine was subordinated to the Prosecutor General of the Soviet Union. Until 1937 the general prosecutor of Ukraine was appointed by the higher bodies of state power of Ukraine.

# Prosecutor of the Ukrainian SSR Name
1 1938 — 1944 Leonid Yachenin
2 June 1944 — 1953 Roman Rudenko
3 August 1953 — February 1963 Denys Panasyuk
4 1963 — 1983 Fedir Hlukh
5 January 1983 — February 1990 Petro Osypenko

List of General Prosecutors[edit]

This list shows prosecutors of independent Ukraine. In the absence of the General Prosecutor the office is headed by their First Deputy as the acting General Prosecutor.

# General Prosecutor of Ukraine Name
1 September 4, 1991 — October 21, 1993 Viktor Shyshkin
2 October 21, 1993 — October 19, 1995 Vladyslav Datsiuk
3 October 19, 1995 — July 22, 1997 Hryhoriy Vorsinov
act July 22, 1997 — April 24, 1998 Oleh Lytvak
act April 24, 1998 — July 17, 1998 Bohdan Ferents
4 July 17, 1998 — April 30, 2002 Mykhailo Potebenko
April 30, 2002 — July 6, 2002 unknown
5 July 6, 2002 — October 29, 2003 Sviatoslav Piskun
October 29, 2003 — November 18, 2003 unknown
6 November 18, 2003 — December 9, 2004 Hennadiy Vasylyev
7 December 10, 2004 — October 14, 2005 Sviatoslav Piskun
October 14, 2005 — November 4, 2005 unknown
8 November 4, 2005 — April 26, 2007 Oleksandr Medvedko
9 April 26, 2007 — May 24, 2007 Sviatoslav Piskun
act May 24, 2007 — June 1, 2007 Viktor Shemchuk
10 June 1, 2007 — November 3, 2010 Oleksandr Medvedko
11 November 4, 2010 — February 22, 2014 Viktor Pshonka
comm February 22, 2014 — February 24, 2014 Oleh Makhnitsky[8]
act February 24, 2014[9] — June 18, 2014[10] Oleh Makhnitsky(1)
12 June 19, 2014[11] — February 11, 2015 Vitaly Yarema
13 February 11, 2015[12] — March 29, 2016[13](2) Viktor Shokin
act March 29, 2016(3) — 12 May 2016 Yuriy Sevruk
14 May 12, 2016 — Yuriy Lutsenko

Legend:

  • act — acting
  • comm — Parliamentary commissioner

Notes:

  • ^(1) Makhnitskyi served as acting Prosecutor by being appointed by the acting President of Ukraine. Makhnitskyi is also the only head of the office in the post-Soviet Ukraine who served as a parliamentary commissioner.
  • ^(2) Shokin was set to be formally dismissed since February 16, 2016[2][14] after submitting a letter of resignation and taking a vacation.[15] On March 16 Shokin returned to his duties as if he never submitted any letters of resignation.[16] He was formerly dismissed in a parliamentary vote on 29 March 2016.[17]
  • ^(3) Yuriy Sevruk served as acting Prosecutor being the First Deputy General Prosecutor until the official appointment of a new General Prosecutor.[16]

Ranks[edit]

Shoulder Insignia Юрист 3 класу.png Юрист 2 класу.png Юрист 1 класу.png Молодший радник юстиції.png Радник юстиції.png Старший радник юстиції.png Державний радник юстиції 3 класу.png Державний радник юстиції 2 класу.png Державний радник юстиції 1 класу.png Державний радник юстиції України.png
Rank Jurist, 3rd class Jurist, 2nd class Jurist, 1st class Junior Councillor of Justice Councillor of Justice Senior Councillor of Justice State Councillor
of Justice, 3rd class
State Councillor
of Justice, 2nd class
State Councillor
of Justice, 1st class
State Councillor
of Justice of Ukraine

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Since the 2014 Crimean crisis, the status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community considers the Crimea and Sevastopol an integral part of Ukraine, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea and Sevastopol an integral part of Russia, with Sevastopol functioning as a federal city within the Crimean Federal District.[4][5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lutsenko appointed prosecutor general in Ukraine, UNIAN (12 May 2016)
  2. ^ a b c d Chief prosecutor Shokin back to work – source, Interfax-Ukraine (16 March 2016)
  3. ^ a b c Chief prosecutor Shokin on leave – PGO, Interfax-Ukraine (17 February 2016)
  4. ^ Gutterman, Steve. "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  5. ^ Ukraine crisis timeline, BBC News
  6. ^ UN General Assembly adopts resolution affirming Ukraine's territorial integrity, China Central Television (28 March 2014)
  7. ^ U.S. prosecutor tasked with selecting officers to oversee prosecutors' actions, UNIAN (9 August 2016)
  8. ^ On appointment of Makhnitsky O.I. the Commissioner to monitor the activities of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine. RESOLUTION of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine № 760-VII. February 22, 2014
  9. ^ On appointment of O.Makhnitsky as acting General Prosecutor of Ukraine. DECREE OF THE PRESIDENT OF UKRAINE № 91/2014. February 24, 2014
  10. ^ Ukrainian president dismisses Makhnitsky as acting prosecutor general, Interfax-Ukraine (18 June 2014)
  11. ^ MPs agree to Yarema's appointment as prosecutor general, Interfax-Ukraine (19 June 2014)
  12. ^ Ukrainian parliament backs nomination of Shokin as prosecutor general, Interfax-Ukraine (10 February 2015)
  13. ^ Rada agreed to dismiss Shokin. Ukrayinska Pravda. 29 March 2016
  14. ^ Profile committee recommends parliament back prosecutor general's resignation, Interfax-Ukraine (16 March 2016)
  15. ^ The Prosecutor General Office: Shokin wrote a resignation letter, but at this time he is on vacations. Ukrayinska Pravda. 29 March 2016
  16. ^ a b The office of Prosecutor General explained who will be an acting Prosecutor General. Ukrayinska Pravda. 29 March 2016
  17. ^ Rada agrees to dismiss Ukrainian Prosecutor General Shokin, Interfax-Ukraine (29 March 2016)

External links[edit]