Office of the Program Manager, Saudi Arabian National Guard Modernization Program
|Office of the Program Manager, Saudi Arabian National Guard Modernization Program
|Branch||United States Army|
|Type||Security Assistance Organization (SAO)|
|Headquarters||Eskan Village, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia|
|Nickname(s)||OPM-SANG / OPM|
|Program Manager (PM)||Major General Frank Muth|
The Office of the Program Manager, Saudi Arabian National Guard Modernization Program (OPM-SANG or just OPM for short) is a Security Assistance Organization of the United States Army with the primary mission of managing the modernization effort of the Saudi Arabian National Guard (SANG).
The United States provides technical and contract supervisory support to SANG through functions such as organization, training, equipment, procurement, construction, maintenance, supply, administration, and medical programs.
All aspects of SANG's force expansion have direct involvement from OPM personnel with the goal of developing a total army.
The head of OPM, the Program Manager (PM), exercises principal authority over the planning, direction, execution, and control of the SANG modernization effort. This effort covers all elements, missions, functions, and requirements of SANG. The PM facilitates the increased participation of SANG in all aspects of the program with the goal of SANG eventually having the capability to unilaterially initiate and sustain modern organizations and systems.
OPM-SANG was established in 1973 in an agreement signed by then Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud and the U.S. Ambassador to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in response to a request from former King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz. The contract to modernize the Saudi Arabian National Guard was awarded in 1975 to Vinnell Corporation.
From 1975 to 1983, OPM helped SANG to organize, equip, and train a separate infantry brigade consisting of four combined arms battalions mounted on V-150 armored vehicles, an artillery battalion, a direct support Logistics Support Battalion (LSB), an engineering company, and a signal company. Additionally, a general support logistics base, Logistics Base Command (LBC), and the National Guard Military School (NGMS) were established. A second infantry brigade was modernized and continued efforts in the NGMS and LBC occurred from 1982–1987.
OPM began a medical modernization program under a second Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in 1981. Hospital Corporation of America operated the 500-bed acute care facility for SANG in Riyadh under OPM supervision from 1982–1987. SANG assumed responsibility for supervision of the contractor in 1987 with OPM acting as an advisor.
OPM managed the sustainment of the two mechanized brigades while continuing to develop the logistics base and school system infrastructure from 1988 to 1990. Additionally, OPM began to advise the SANG National Headquarters, organized a new signal battalion, organized three new field medical companies, and advised the SANG Special Battalion, facilities engineers, and data processing activities.
Six months prior to the Khobar Towers bombing, on Monday, 13 November 1995, the OPM-SANG headquarters was bombed which led to heightened threat level at Khobar. Both bombings have been attributed to Hezbollah Al-Hejaz.
- United States Military Training Mission to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (USMTM)
- Office of Program Management Ministry of Interior - Facility Security Forces (OPM-FSF)