|• Origin||Anglo-Saxon period|
|• Created||10th century|
|• Abolished||1894 (obsolete)|
|• Succeeded by||various|
|• Type||Parishes (see text)|
Offlow is a hundred in the county of Staffordshire, England, located in the south-east of that county. It is named after a tumulus or mound in the parish of Swinfen and Packington, 2½ miles south of Lichfield. The hundred is recorded in the Domesday Book under the name "Offelav".
Derivation of name
The name of the hundred derives from Old English Offa, a personal name and hlaw meaning 'hill' or 'mound'. A large number of Hundred names refer to hills or mounds. Some of these at least are very conspicuous hills, which afford a commanding view of the countryside for miles around. It seems likely that such sites were chosen as hundred meeting places being remote and where interference was most easily avoided. In the case of Offlow, it is a small hill rising to 367 ft. (112 metres), centrally placed in the hundred. The hill is now used for a radio mast., rather than a hundred meeting place.
The origin of the hundred dates from the division of his kingdom by King Alfred the Great into counties, hundreds and tithings. From the beginning, Staffordshire was divided into the hundreds of Offlow, Pirehill, Totmonslow, Cuttleston and Seisdon.
Lichfield left the jurisdiction of Staffordshire, and Offlow Hundred, when the city was created a county separate from Staffordshire by a charter granted by Mary I of England in 1553, which came into effect with the election of its own Sheriff in December that year.
In the 19th century Offlow was the largest in population of the five hundreds of Staffordshire, with a population in 1871 of 250,790 excluding parliamentary boroughs or 299,588 including them, representing 35% of the county.
The importance of the hundreds declined from the 17th century, and most of their functions were extinguished with the establishment of county courts in 1867. In 1894 the Hundred was made obsolete with the establishment of Urban Districts and Rural Districts in Staffordshire.
When the Stafford county parliamentary constituency was divided into a North Division and a South Division by the Reform Act 1832, Offlow North and South were allocated to the North and South county divisions respectively.
In 1839 the Staffordshire magistrates decided to adopt the County Police Act of 1839 for the southern division of Offlow South.
|Burton Upon Trent (part)||Parish|
|- Burton Extra||Township|
|Clifton Campville (part)||Parish|
|- Draycott in the Clay||Township|
|- Marchington Woodlands||Township|
|Lichfield St Chad (part)||Parish|
|- Curborough and Elmhurst||Township|
|Lichfield St Michael (part)||Parish|
|- Great Barr||Township|
|Farewell and Chorley||Parish|
|- Perry Bar||Township|
|Lichfield St Mary||Parish|
|Lichfield St Michael (part)||Parish|
|- Pipehill (part)||Township|
|- Walsall Borough||Township|
|- Walsall Foreign||Township|
|- Swinfen and Packington||Hamlets|
Statfold, although classed in Offlow South, was separated from it by intervening parts of the Offlow North. 
In all, the Hundred comprised 38 parishes and 7 extra parochial places, containing within them around a hundred townships and hamlets (some being chapelries). For example, Swinfen and Packington were hamlets of the ancient parish of Weeford. In addition to the above, Offlow included 4 townships belonging Wolverhampton Parish and several hamlets and townships belonging to the Lichfield parishes of St. Mary and St.Chad, outside the bounds of the City and County of Lichfield. 
Offlow Hundred consists of south-east Staffordshire extending from the River Dove to the environs of Birmingham and Wolverhampton. The north is more agricultural while the south has the manufacturing districts, with Walsall, Wednesbury and West Bromwich. Its length from north to south is about 30 miles, and its average breadth from eight to twelve miles. It is bounded on the north and north-east by Derbyshire, on the south and south-east by Warwickshire, and on the west by the other four hundreds of Staffordshire. From north to south these are Totmonslow, Pirehill, Cuttleston and Seisdon.
It has extensive plains, broken only by gentle undulations, except on its southern and western borders, where some of the hills rise rather abruptly. The lowlands in the valleys of the Trent, Tame, and Dove have been frequently inundated by these rivers, to form rich pastures, celebrated for cattle, and the production of cheese.
The market towns within the hundred are Burton-upon-Trent (Burton-on-Trent parish had three other townships in Derbyshire), Tamworth(Tamworth borough was partly in Warwickshire, in which county it had 4 townships), Walsall, Wednesbury, and Lichfield, but the latter formed a county of itself, though locally situated in the centre of Offlow.
The Hundred Court of Offlow was a Hundred Court at common law, rather than one bestowed with powers by a special statute. It had the same jurisdiction and process as the County Court except that the defendant had to reside in the Hundred. Most of these common law Hundred Courts had grown much out of use by the 19th century, but the court was still fully active in the Hundred of Offlow.  However, the Hundred Court of Offlow was abolished in 1852  and its functions transferred to the County Court.
The court was held in Walsall, before a steward appointed by the High Sheriff of Staffordshire, at the old Town Hall building.
Current local government
The current local government arrangements in Staffordshire were created in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972. Offlow Hundred comprises the present districts of Lichfield (except for the parish of Colton and the inner part of the city of Lichfield that was formerly a separate county), Tamworth (Staffordshire part), Sandwell and Walsall. Also the eastern half of East Staffordshire including the town of Burton on Trent.
- The English Hundred Names, by Olof Anderson, Lund (Sweden), 1934. Page 146
- The English Hundred Names, by Olof Anderson, Lund (Sweden), 1934. Page xxxiii
- Ordnance Survey map 1 inch to 1 mile Sheet 154, publ.1899
- https://www.geograph.org.uk/showmap.php?gridref=SK121057 retrieved Oct 2018
- A Topographical History of Staffordshire, by William Pitt, pub J. Smith (Newcastle-under-Lyme), 1817; page 13
- 'Lichfield: Town government', in A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 14, Lichfield, ed. M W Greenslade (London, 1990), pp. 73-87. British History Online www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/staffs/vol14/pp73-87 accessed October 2018
- Census of England and Wales 1871, Population tables, Vol. I. Counties;p.345
- See Staffordshire in http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk
- History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire by William White, publ. Sheffield, 1834; pp.293-296
- The National Gazetteer, publ by Virtue and Co., London, 1868; p. 105
- Online Catalogue of the Staffordshire and Stoke on Trent Archive Service http://www.archives.staffordshire.gov.uk/CalmView/Overview.aspx Search:"Offlow South" retrieved October 2018.
- Urban Policing in Early Victorian England, 1835-86: a reappraisa1; by Roger Swift,Chester College of Higher Education;History (1988) p 216
- Census of England and Wales, 1841; County of Stafford, pp.288-289
- A Topographical History of Staffordshire, by William Pitt, pub J. Smith (Newcastle-under-Lyme), 1817; page 138
- The Law of Inferior Courts for the Recovery of Debts,by Joseph Moseley,Barrister At Law, publ. V. & R. Stevens & G. S. Norton, Lincoln's Inn, London, 1845;p.394-5
- County Courts Act, 1852
- Topographical Dictionary of England, ed. and publ. Samuel Lewis, London, 1835 (3rd ed); Vol.4, article on Walsall
- See www.staffordshire.gov.uk as compared with above list of parishes