|Warburg, North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Controlled by||Nazi Germany|
|Occupants||French, British, and Polish officers|
The camp was the setting for two remarkable escape attempts. On 1 December 1941 Flt Lt Peter Stevens RAFVR, disguised as a German Unteroffizier, led a party of 10 POWs disguised as orderlies, and two more disguised as guards complete with dummy rifles, up to the gates of the camp. The sentry was not satisfied with their gate pass, so Stevens marched his party back into the camp. As the sentry was apparently unaware that the party was not genuine, a second attempt was made a week later. This time the sentry demanded to see their Army paybooks, so the escape party fled, although two, Pete Tunstall and Dominic Bruce were eventually arrested after a camp search by Major Rademacher found a piece of cloth on them that was used to create the sentry uniforms.
On 30 August 1942 the camp was the scene of "Operation Olympia", also known as the "Warburg Wire Job", another mass escape attempt. After RAOC officer Major B.D. Skelton ("Skelly") Ginn fused the perimeter floodlights, 41 prisoners carrying four 12-foot (3.7 m) scaling ladders made from bed slats rushed to the barbed-wire fence and clambered over. One ladder collapsed, so of the 41 involved, only 28 escaped the camp, and only three of those made it home.
In September 1942 the British prisoners were transferred to other camps, and were replaced with Polish officers, with 1,077 brought from Romania, where they had been interned since September 1939, and another 1,500 transferred from other camps in Germany. At various points in time up to 2296 officers and 287 non-commissioned officers were housed in the camp.
The British had begun an escape tunnel, and the Poles continued working on it, and on 20 September 1943, 47 of them escaped. Within four days, 20 had been captured and returned to the camp. They were then transported to the Buchenwald concentration camp and executed. In the next few days 17 more were captured and taken to the Gestapo prison in Dortmund where they were killed. Only 10 managed to remain free, some returning to Poland, others finding their way to the Allied lines.
British prisoners were taught by one officer, Major Alexis Casdagli, to sew with unravelled jumpers and needles and threads from Red Cross parcels, and they made bookmarks or embroidered letters home with symbols of freedom such as butterflies.
On the night of 27 September 1944 British aircraft attacking the nearby railroad junction in Nörde, dropped some bombs on the camp, killing 90 officers. Altogether 141 prisoners died in Oflag VI-B. They are buried in the cemetery near the centre of the village of Dossel. A memorial was erected there in 1985.
- Wg Cdr Douglas Bader RAF, legless British air ace (October 1941 to May 1942).
- P/O Josef Bryks, Czechoslovak RAFVR fighter pilot and serial escaper (October 1941 – June 1942).
- Lt Peter Conder, ornithologist and Director of the RSPB
- Generał dywizji Walerian Czuma, commander in the siege of Warsaw, September 1939
- Flt Lt Sydney Dowse, RAFVR pilot and Great Escape survivor.
- Lt Jock Hamilton-Baillie, serial escaper.
- Wincenty Kawalec, Polish Ministry of Labour (1972–74), Polish Central Statistical Office President (1965–72), escaped from Oflag VI-B on 20 September 1943
- Adam Rapacki, Polish Foreign Secretary (1956–68)
- Squadron Leader Pete Tunstall RAF, who served more time in solitary confinement than any other British POW
- Flying Officer Dominic Bruce RAF, the "Medium Sized Man" of Colditz
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