Oflag VIII-E Johannisbrunn

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Oflag VIII-E
Johannisbrunn, Sudetenland
Oflag VIII-E is located in Czech Republic
Oflag VIII-E
Oflag VIII-E
Coordinates 49°50′07″N 17°42′15″E / 49.83524°N 17.70425°E / 49.83524; 17.70425
Type Prisoner-of-war camp
Site information
Controlled by  Nazi Germany
Site history
In use 1940–1942
Garrison information
Occupants Allied general officers

Oflag VIII-E was a World War II German prisoner-of-war camp for Allied general officers (Offizierlager) located in Johannisbrunn, Sudetenland (now Jánské Koupele, Moravian–Silesian Region, Czech Republic).

Camp history[edit]

The camp, a former spa hotel, was opened in July 1940[1] and housed approximately 70 Allied generals and their aides. Among those officers imprisoned were 30 from Poland, 24 from France, 7 from the Netherlands, 6 from the Belgien, 1 from the United Kingdom, and a Colonel from Norway. On April 27, 1942, all the Poles were transferred to other camps, mostly to Oflag VII-A Murnau.[2] Soon after all the other prisoners were also transferred, and the camp was closed on 1 July 1942.[1][2]

Commandants[edit]

  • Oberst Hencker (29 October 1940 – 30 June 1941)
  • Generalmajor Johann Janusz (1 July 1941 – 19 May 1942)[3]

Notable prisoners[edit]

A number of high-ranking officers were held in the camp, including:

Polish[4]

Generał dywizji

Generał brygady

Kontradmirał

British

Dutch

General Henri Gerard Winkelman,Commander-in-Chief Dutch Forces 1940 [7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Winter 2004 Newsletter". The National Ex-Prisoner of War Association. 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Krukowicz-Przedrzymirski, Emil. Report on POW camps. London: Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  3. ^ Miller, Michael D.; Collins, Gareth (2005). "Generalmajor Johann Janusz". Axis Biographical Research. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  4. ^ Zahnaš, Petr (2012). "History of Jánské Koupele in World War II". pzahnas.webnode.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  5. ^ Baltiysk, Wladyslaw (2012). "General Stanislaw Taczak". zosprp.poznan.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  6. ^ "Biography of Brigadier Nigel FitzRoy Somerset (1893–1990)". generals.dk. 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  7. ^ Ton van Middelkoop, Generaal H.G. Winkelman, Standvastig strijder, Zaltbommel 2002