Ogaden (clan)

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This article is about the ethnic group. For the geographical area, see Ogaden.
Regions with significant populations
Somali and Arabic
Islam (Predominately Sunni, Sufism)
Related ethnic groups
Jidwaq, Absame, other Darod groups, and other Somali clans

The Ogaden (Somali: Ogaadeen, Arabic: أوغادين‎‎) is a Somali clan, and one of the largest Darod subclans.


Members of the Ogaden clan primarily live in the central Ogaden plateau of Ethiopia (Somali Region),[1] the North Eastern Province of Kenya, and the Jubaland region of Southern Somalia. They also inhabit Somalia's major cities such as Mogadishu and Kismayo.

According to Human Rights Watch, the Ogaden is the largest Darod clan in Ethiopia's Somali Region, and may account for 60 to 70 percent of the Somali population in Ethiopia. Other views hold that they form at least 75 percent of the Somali population in the Ogaden region.[2] The Ogaden clan "constitutes the backbone of the ONLF".[3] In particular, the ONLF operates in Ogaden areas[4]

Clan tree[edit]

There is no clear agreement on the clan and sub-clan structures and many lineages are omitted. The following listing is taken from the World Bank's Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics from 2005 and the United Kingdom's Home Office publication, Somalia Assessment 2001.[5][6]


In Puntland the World Bank shows the following:[7]

  • Darod
      • Harti
      • Ogaden
    • Marehan
    • Awrtable
    • Lelkase

Notable persons[edit]


  1. ^ "Collective Punishment", p. 14
  2. ^ "Collective Punishment", p. 13
  3. ^ "Collective Punishment", p. 4
  4. ^ "Collective Punishment", p. 27
  5. ^ Worldbank, Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics, January 2005, Appendix 2, Lineage Charts, p.55 Figure A-1
  6. ^ Country Information and Policy Unit, Home Office, Great Britain, Somalia Assessment 2001, Annex B: Somali Clan Structure, p. 43
  7. ^ Worldbank, Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics, January 2005, Appendix 2, Lineage Charts, p.57 Figure A-3
  8. ^ Mukhtar, Mohamed Haji (2003-02-25). Historical Dictionary of Somalia. ISBN 9780810866041.