Ogan Komering Ilir Regency
|Ogan Komering Ilir Regency
Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir
|Motto: Bende Seguguk (Gong Satu Kesatuan/The Unity Gong)|
Location within South Sumatera
|Onder Afdeeling (Dutch rule)||as Ogan Ilir and Komering Ilir ca.1900|
|Karesidenan||as Palembang ca.1945|
|Kabupaten (Regency)||since 1956|
|• Regent / Bupati||Iskandar|
|• Vice Regent / Wakil Bupati||Muhammad Rifa'i|
|• Total||19,023.47 km2 (7,345.00 sq mi)|
|• Density||39/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|• Ethnicity||Malay, Javanese, Balinese|
|Time zone||Western Indonesia Time (UTC+7)|
|Area code(s)||+ 62 712 : 0712|
|Distance from Kayuagung to Palembang||65 km|
Ogan Komering Ilir Regency (abbreviation OKI) is a regency of South Sumatra Province, Indonesia. It takes its name from the two main river which stream that area, Ogan River and Komering River. And the name Ilir means downstream (There is another regency in same province name Ogan Komering Ulu, which the Ulu means upstream). Kayuagung is the capital of this regency. The regency borders Palembang, Ogan Ilir Regency and Banyuasin Regency to the north, Bangka Strait, and Java Sea to the east, Lampung Province to the south, and Ogan Ilir Regency, and East Ogan Komering Ulu Regency to the west. 
It has an area of 17,058.32 km² and a population of 726,659 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate (as at January 2014) is 780,695. The administrative capital is the town of Kayu Agung. The regency contains the Ogan-Komering lebaks, or floodplain lakes, an area of wetland covering about 200,000 hectares. Major crops include coffee, sugar cane, oil palm, rubber, cacao, pineapple, tea and fish.
In the Dutch colonial period, the region included in the territory of South Sumatra and Sub Residency (Afdeeling) Palembang and Tanah Datar with capital of Palembang. Afdeeling is divided into several onder afdeeling, and Ogan Komering Ilir region covers an area onder afdeeling Komering Ilir and onder afdeeling Ogan Ilir.
After the Republic of Indonesia's independence, territory Ogan Komering Ilir included in the residency of Palembang which includes 26 marga. Then based on the Emergency Act No.4/1956 on the Establishment of the Autonomous Region Regencies in South Sumatra Province, Ogan Komering Ilir become one of the regency in the province of South Sumatra. After the dissolution of the marga, Ogan Komering Ilir regency is divided into 12 districts and 4 districts definitive representation.
Before 1996 Ogan Komering Ilir Regency has 14 districts and 4 districts definitive representation. Fourth districts such representation is the Pematang Panggang District (now Sungai Menang District) with the District Parent Mesuji, District Cengal with the District Parent Tulung Selapan, District Rantau Alai with the District Parent Tanjung Raja and District Jejawi with the District Parent Sirah Pulau Padang. Furthermore, in 2001 the authorized representatives of the four districts into definitive districts, so Ogan Komering Ilir has 18 districts.
Based on Presidential Decree No.37/2003 on the Establishment of East Ogan Komering Ulu, Ogan Komering Ilir and Ogan Ilir in South Sumatra Province, Ogan Koemring Ilir Regency divided into two regencies namely Ogan Komering Ilir Regency and Ogan Ilir Regency. Ogan Ilir Regency includes the District Inderalaya (as the capital), District Tanjung Raja, District Tanjung Batu, District Muara Kuang, District Pemulutan and District Rantau Alai. After this expansion, Ogan Komering Ilir regency consists of 12 districts.
Then based on Regencies Act No.5/2005, Ogan Komering Ilir regencies divided to form six new districts, namely District Lempuing Jaya which is a fraction of the District Lempuing, District Mesuji Makmur Raya is a fraction of the District Mesuji, District East Pedamaran which is fraction of the District Pedamaran, Teluk Gelam which is a fraction of the District Tanjung Lubuk, District Pangkalan Lampam which is a fraction of the District Pampangan. After this expansion Ogan Komering Ilir Regency has 18 administrative districts. 
- Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
- "Ogan Komering Lebaks Kab. Oki". Indonesia Traveling. Retrieved 19 February 2011.
- "Profile of Regency of Ogan Komering Ilir". Indonesia Investment Coordinating Board. Retrieved 19 February 2011.
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