Ogden H. Hammond
|Ogden H. Hammond|
|United States Ambassador to Spain|
December 21, 1925 – October 13, 1929
|Preceded by||Alexander P. Moore|
|Succeeded by||Irwin B. Laughlin|
|Member of the New Jersey General Assembly|
|Born||Ogden Haggerty Hammond
October 13, 1869
|Died||October 29, 1956
Manhattan, New York
|Spouse(s)||Mary Picton Stevens
Marguerite McClure Howland
|Children||3, including Millicent Fenwick|
|Relatives||John Hammond (nephew)|
|Education||Phillips Exeter Academy|
|Alma mater||Yale University|
Ogden Haggerty Hammond (October 13, 1869 – October 29, 1956) was an American businessman, politician and diplomat who served as United States Ambassador to Spain from 1925 to 1929. He was the father of Millicent Fenwick, a four-term Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey.
Hammond was born in 1869 in Louisville, Kentucky, the son of John Henry Hammond and Sophia Vernon Wolfe. During the Civil War his father served as chief of staff to General William Tecumseh Sherman before becoming a general himself. His brother, John Henry Hammond Jr., married Emily Vanderbilt Sloane, granddaughter of William Henry Vanderbilt, and was the father of John H. Hammond III (1910–1987).
The Hammond family moved to Chicago, Illinois when he was four, and then to Saint Paul, Minnesota and Superior, Wisconsin. He attended Phillips Exeter Academy and graduated from Yale University in 1893.
After graduating from Yale, he returned to Superior where he served as a member of the Board of Aldermen for two years.
Hammond worked as an insurance broker, then moved into real estate, becoming president of the Broadway Improvement Company and the Hoboken Terminal Railway Company, as well as vice-president of the Hoboken Land and Improvement Company, owned by his in-laws, the Stevenses. Ogden became involved in local Republican politics, serving on the Bernardsville Township Committee from 1912 to 1914. He was elected to a one-year term in the New Jersey General Assembly in 1914 and was re-elected the following year. He later served as delegate to the 1916 Republican National Convention and as treasurer of the New Jersey Republican State Committee.
On May 1, 1915, Hammond and his wife Mary boarded the British ocean liner RMS Lusitania in New York, en route to Liverpool. Mary intended to help victims of World War I and assist the Red Cross in establishing a hospital in France. The Lusitania was torpedoed by a German U-boat on May 7, and in the aftermath Ogden survived the sinking and Mary did not. He established the Mary Stevens Hammond Memorial Home for Destitute Children in Hoboken in her honor.
Diplomatic career and later years
In 1925, Calvin Coolidge appointed Hammond to be United States Ambassador to Spain. He served until 1929, when Herbert Hoover appointed the new ambassador, Irwin B. Laughlin. The Spanish Royal Court awarded him the Order of Isabella the Catholic for his public service.
In 1931, Hammond was named president and a director of the First National Bank of Hoboken. He became vice president and director of the First National Bank of Jersey City in 1934, retiring in 1950.
On a visit to Bernardsville, New Jersey, Hammond met Mary Picton Stevens (1885–1915). They were married in Hoboken on April 8, 1907. Mary was the daughter of John Stevens (1856–1895), oldest son of Stevens Institute of Technology founder Edwin Augustus Stevens and grandson of inventor John Stevens, and Mary Marshall McGuire (1850–1905). The Hammonds settled in a forty-seven-room mansion in Bernardsville in 1908. Hammond and his first wife had three children:
- Mary Stevens Hammond (1908–1958), who married Count Guerino Roberti and was thereafter known as Countess Roberti.
- Millicent Vernon Hammond (1910–1992), who served in the U.S. House of Representatives and married Hugh McLeod Fenwick (1905–1991) in 1931.
- Ogden H. Hammond, Jr. (1912–1976), who married Marsyl Stokes.
On December 18, 1917, Hammond remarried, to Marguerite "Daisy" (née McClure) Howland (1876–1969), the daughter of New York attorney David McClure and the widow of Dulany Howland. Her son, McClure "Mac" Meredith Howland (1906–1985), became Hammond's stepson.
Through his son Ogden, he was the grandfather of Edythe (née Hammond) Lurie and Madeline (née Hammond) Ilah Alatas of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and Dr. Ogden H. Hammond Jr., a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
- "Hammond – Sloane Union. Second Vanderbilt Easter Marriage Brings Many Sightseers. St. Bartholomew's Crowded. Exquisitely Decorated with Lilies and Roses. Many Elaborate Costumes". New York Times. April 6, 1899.
- "Mr. Ogden Haggerty Hammond, Saloon Class Passenger". The Lusitania Resources. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
- Scannell's New Jersey first citizens. 1. J.J. Scannell. 1917. pp. 228–9.
- "Ogden Hammond, Former Envoy, 87". The New York Times. 1956-10-30.
- The Cox Family in America. 1912. p. 227.
- "John Stevens". The New York Times. 1895-01-22.
- "Mrs. Mary M. Stevens Hyde". The New York Times. 1905-05-03.
- "Countess Roberti, Wife of Diplomat". The New York Times. 1958-02-24.
- Lambert, Bruce. "Millicent Fenwick, 82, Dies; Gave Character to Congress", The New York Times. September 17, 1992. Accessed March 21, 2011.
- "Ogden H. Hammond, Financier, Dies in Winchester, Va., at Age 64". The New York Times. 1976-10-20.
- "Mrs. Howland Weds Ogden H. Hammond". The New York Times. 1917-12-19.
- Lineage Book of Hereditary Order of Descendants of Colonial Governors. 2002. pp. 126–7.
- "Mrs. Ogden H. Hammond". The New York Times. 1969-01-07.
- Shapiro, Amy (2003). Millicent Fenwick: Her Way. pp. 30–1.
- "Paid Notice: Deaths FENWICK, HUGH HAMMOND". The New York Times. 17 March 2002. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- Biographical information for Ogden H. Hammond from The Political Graveyard
- Ogden H. Hammond's Packard Model 18 motorcar featured in Jay Leno's Garage
Alexander P. Moore
|United States Ambassador to Spain
Irwin B. Laughlin