Ogemaw County, Michigan

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Ogemaw County, Michigan
Downtown West Branch..JPG
Downtown West Branch
Map of Michigan highlighting Ogemaw County
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
Founded1840 (authorized)
1875 (organized)[1]
SeatWest Branch
Largest cityWest Branch
Area
 • Total575 sq mi (1,489 km2)
 • Land563 sq mi (1,458 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (28 km2), 2.0%
Population
 • (2010)21,699
 • Density39/sq mi (15/km2)
Congressional district4th
Time zoneEastern

Ogemaw County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 21,699.[2] The county seat is West Branch.[3]

The county newspaper of record is the Ogemaw Herald.[4]

History[edit]

The county was originally created by the Michigan Legislature in 1840 from unorganized territory, but was absorbed into Iosco County in 1867. It was re-created in 1873 and finally organized in 1875.[1] The county's name is an Anglicization of the Anishinaabemowin word ogimaa, meaning "chief".[1]

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 575 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 563 square miles (1,460 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (2.0%) is water.[5] Ogemaw County is considered to be part of Northern Michigan.

Highways[edit]

  • I-75 – runs SE across the southwest part of the county. Passes south of West Branch.
  • M-30 – enters from Gladwin County at 5.5 miles (8.8 km) east of the SW corner of Ogemaw County. Runs north and NE to intersection with M55 near West Branch.
  • M-33 – runs north-south through the middle of county. Passes Rose City.
  • M-55 – runs east-west across the lower part of county. enters from Iosco County at 6 miles (9.6 km) north of SE corner of Ogemaw County. Runs west to intersection with I-75, west of West Branch.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

State protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
187012
18801,91415,850.0%
18905,583191.7%
19007,76539.1%
19108,90714.7%
19207,786−12.6%
19306,595−15.3%
19408,72032.2%
19509,3457.2%
19609,6803.6%
197011,90323.0%
198016,43638.1%
199018,68113.7%
200021,64515.9%
201021,6990.2%
Est. 201620,904[7]−3.7%
US Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[2]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[12] there were 21,645 people, 8,842 households, and 6,189 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 15,404 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.48% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.7% were of German, 12.3% American, 10.2% English, 9.2% Irish, 7.0% French and 6.7% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.9% spoke only English at home.

There were 8,842 households out of which 27.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.87.

The county population contained 23.50% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 27.00% from 45 to 64, and 18.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,474, and the median income for a family was $34,988. Males had a median income of $31,003 versus $20,544 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,768. About 11.00% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.50% of those under age 18 and 9.90% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Ogemaw County has been reliably Republican. Since 1884, the Republican Party nominee has carried the county vote in 82% of the national presidential elections (28 of 34).

Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 65.4% 6,827 29.0% 3,030 5.6% 583
2012 52.3% 5,437 46.1% 4,791 1.6% 166
2008 47.5% 5,133 49.9% 5,391 2.5% 274
2004 50.5% 5,454 48.3% 5,215 1.2% 127
2000 47.8% 4,706 49.7% 4,896 2.6% 253
1996 32.0% 2,904 52.1% 4,725 15.8% 1,435
1992 32.2% 2,936 44.0% 4,016 23.8% 2,174
1988 50.2% 4,091 49.2% 4,012 0.6% 47
1984 60.8% 4,901 38.9% 3,132 0.3% 27
1980 51.3% 4,169 42.2% 3,426 6.6% 533
1976 47.1% 3,212 52.0% 3,545 1.0% 67
1972 60.8% 3,367 37.1% 2,056 2.1% 118
1968 54.6% 2,526 35.6% 1,647 9.9% 457
1964 36.4% 1,609 63.6% 2,812 0.1% 4
1960 58.7% 2,664 41.1% 1,867 0.2% 11
1956 69.2% 2,931 30.7% 1,300 0.1% 6
1952 73.9% 2,983 25.5% 1,030 0.6% 23
1948 64.7% 2,062 32.6% 1,038 2.7% 87
1944 69.6% 2,339 29.9% 1,006 0.5% 18
1940 65.5% 2,447 34.2% 1,278 0.4% 14
1936 45.2% 1,631 49.2% 1,774 5.6% 200
1932 45.9% 1,472 51.3% 1,645 2.7% 87
1928 73.4% 1,630 26.1% 579 0.5% 12
1924 79.3% 1,714 11.9% 258 8.8% 189
1920 75.6% 1,687 19.9% 444 4.6% 102
1916 51.2% 878 43.3% 743 5.5% 94
1912 31.6% 541 18.7% 319 49.7% 850
1908 68.5% 1,218 25.5% 454 6.0% 107
1904 75.5% 1,320 18.8% 329 5.7% 100
1900 67.3% 1,186 29.4% 518 3.3% 58
1896 56.6% 793 40.0% 560 3.4% 47
1892 50.6% 594 43.8% 514 5.5% 65
1888 48.4% 620 45.2% 579 6.3% 81
1884 49.5% 478 48.9% 472 1.7% 16

Ogemaw County operates the County jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions – police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance etc. – are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of September 2018)

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Village[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Bibliography on Ogemaw County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Ogemaw County Herald". Ogemaw County Herald. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  6. ^ Ogemaw County MI Google Maps (accessed 15 September 2018)
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ US Election Atlas
  14. ^ Ogemaw County website

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°20′N 84°08′W / 44.33°N 84.13°W / 44.33; -84.13