In the han system, Ogi was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields. In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area. This was different from the feudalism of the West.
Ogi Domain was originally a sub-domain of the Saga Domain, founded in 1642 for Nabeshima Motoshige, the eldest son of the first daimyō of Saga Domain, Nabeshima Katsushige. Although Motoshige was the eldest son, he was displaced in the line of succession for Saga Domain by his younger half-brother, Nabeshima Tadanao, whose mother was a daughter of Shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu.
Motoshige was assigned holdings of 73,000 koku, and also served as an advisor to Shōgun Tokugawa Iemitsu His son Nabeshima Naoyoshi became second daimyō of Ogi and built a fortified house ( jin'ya ) to be the domain headquarters in what is now the city of Ogi. His son, Nabeshima Mototake rose to high positions within the Tokugawa Shogunate under Shōgun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi; however, from his time onwards, the domain’s financial situation was very severe and on the verge of bankruptcy, causing relations with the main line at Saga Domain to become increasingly strained.
During the time of Nabeshima Naotaka, Ogi Domain was finally recognized as an independent domain directly reporting to the Shōgunate, and permission was granted to erect a castle; however, the domain lacked the finances to do so.
The Boshin War of the Meiji Restoration, Nabeshima Naotora, the 11th and final daimyō, supported the Satchō Alliance was called upon to lead Ogi’s forces against the Tokugawa remnants at Akita in northern Japan. For his loyalty to Emperor Meiji and efforts in the war, the revenues of Ogi Domain were raised by an additional 5,000 koku in August 1869. However, this reward was only nominal, as with the abolition of the han system less than two years later in 1871 Ogi Domain became part of the new Saga Prefecture.
List of daimyo
The hereditary daimyo were head of the clan and head of the domain.
Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank Revenue 1 Nabeshima Motoshige (鍋島元茂?) 1642-1654 Kii-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 73,000 koku 2 Nabeshima Naoyoshi (鍋島直能?) 1654-1679 Kaga-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 73,000 koku 3 Nabeshima Mototake (鍋島元武?) 1679-1713 Kii-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 73,000 koku 4 Nabeshima Motonobu (鍋島元延?) 1713-1714 Kaga-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 73,000 koku 5 Nabeshima Naohide (鍋島直英?) 1714-1744 Kaga-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 73,000 koku 6 Nabeshima Naokazu (鍋島直員?) 1744-1764 Kii-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 73,000 koku 7 Nabeshima Naomasu (鍋島直愈?) 1764-1794 Kaga-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 73,000 koku 8 Nabeshima Naotomo (鍋島直知?) 1794-1804 Kii-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 73,000 koku 9 Nabeshima Naotaka (鍋島直堯?) 1804-1850 Kii-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 73,000 koku 10 Nabeshima Naosuke (鍋島直亮?) 1850-1864 Kaga-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 73,000 koku 11 Nabeshima Naotora (鍋島直虎?) 1864-1871 Kii-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 73,000 koku
- "Hizen Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-5-28.
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
- Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Nabeshima" at Nobiliare du Japon, pp. 38-39; retrieved 2013-5-30.
- "Kashima" at Edo 300 (Japanese)