Town of Ogulin
|• Mayor||Dalibor Domitrović (SDP)|
|• City Council|
|• Town||538.1 km2 (207.8 sq mi)|
|• Urban||38.4 km2 (14.8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||323 m (1,060 ft)|
|• Density||23/km2 (59/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||190/km2 (500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (Central European Time)|
Ogulin (Croatian pronunciation: [ôɡulin]) is a town in north-western Croatia, in Karlovac County. It has a population of 7,389 (2021) (it was 8,216 in 2011), and a total municipal population of 12,251 (2021). Ogulin is known for its historic stone castle, known as Kula, and the nearby mountain of Klek.
There are several proposed etymologies for the name of Ogulin. Firstly that the surrounding woods needed to be cleared for a better defence of the town, so Ogulin received its name because of the resulting bare area ("ogolio" in Croatian) around it. There were a lot of lime-trees along the road from Ogulin towards Oštarije, and the people used to peel the bark, in order to get bass[clarification needed]. It is suggested that Ogulin got its name from the verb to peel ("guliti" in Croatian). Neither proposal is historically confirmed.
Ogulin's history dates back to the fifteenth century, when it struggled against the Ottoman Turks. The exact timing of the building of the Ogulin tower has not been established. However, a document issued by Bernardin Frankopan in his town of Modruš at around 1500 AD marked off the boundaries of new castle between Modruš and Vitunj, and this is, at the same time, the first historical mention of Ogulin. Ogulin is known for the legend of Đula (also Zuleika or Zula) who threw herself into the abyss of the River Dobra because of an unhappy love affair. In the sixteenth century, it became a military stronghold against the Ottomans.
Until 1918, Ogulin was part of the Austrian monarchy (Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, Modruš-Rijeka County, after the compromise of 1867), in the Croatian Military Frontier. It was administered by the Oguliner Grenz-Infanterie-Regiment N°III before 1881.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (January 2011)
The town of Ogulin is situated in the very centre of mainland Croatia, between Zagreb and Rijeka. It was founded in a large valley formed by two rivers: the Dobra and Zagorska Mrežnica. The administrative constitution of the town of Ogulin covers the area of 543.32 km2, and has about 14,000 inhabitants according to 2011 census.
This is a kind of transitional micro-region neighbouring the larger regions of Croatia - Gorski Kotar, Lika, Kordun and Gornje Pokuplje. The Ogulin-Modruš valley is the northern section of the Ogulin-Plaški valley, which finishes towards the south where the Modruš hills pass into the second largest field of the area under Kapela-Plaški Polje. This comprises a completed geographical whole border on the western side by the mountain massif of Velika Kapela dominated by Klek (1181 m). Its eastern edges are bordered by the mounts of Krpel (511 m (1,677 ft)), Brezovica (565 m (1,854 ft)) and Hum (863 m (2,831 ft)). The valley then passes to the hilly are dominated by Klekinja (504 m (1,654 ft)) and Trojvrh (599 m (1,965 ft)). This valley is also called Ogulin's Plain (in Croatian: Ogulinsko Polje). This is the fifth largest karst valley in Croatia (60 km2 (23 sq mi)), and it lies 320 metres (1,050 feet) above sea level. Its elongated form lies in the direction northwest-southeast, and it is 16 km (10 mi) long (Ogulin-Trojvrh) and 9 km (6 mi) wide (Desmerice-Skradnik). The Dobra River runs through and disappears in the center of the town.
Approximately three kilometers south of the town centre is an artificial lake Sabljaci, formed with the purpose of accumulating water from the Zagorska Mrežnica river, and for the sake of generating electricity in the Hydroelectric power plant Gojak. The lake is connected with the town's other artificial lake, lake Bukovnik, via a tunnel. Lake Bukovnik is approximately one kilometer away from lake Sabljaci, and is connected to the hydroelectric power plant Gojak also with a tunnel, approximately 10 km long. The surface area of lake Sabljaci is around 170 ha, which makes it the 11th Croatian lake when compared by size. The lake contains many kinds of fish species, and it is also used for swimming and various water sports.
- Elevation: 323 m (1060 ft) above sea level
- Latitude: 45° 15' 59"
- Longitude: 15° 13' 44"
|Climate data for Ogulin (1971–2000, extremes 1949–2017)|
|Record high °C (°F)||19.8
|Average high °C (°F)||4.3
|Daily mean °C (°F)||0.5
|Average low °C (°F)||−3.1
|Record low °C (°F)||−26.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||95.5
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||15.0||13.0||13.4||15.0||14.2||14.6||11.1||10.5||11.5||14.5||15.0||15.1||162.9|
|Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm)||16.9||14.6||8.1||1.9||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.2||5.9||15.3||63.0|
|Average relative humidity (%)||82.3||78.1||72.5||70.1||70.8||72.1||72.3||75.5||79.7||82.0||83.6||83.8||76.9|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||68.2||101.7||142.6||165.0||223.2||234.0||279.0||251.1||186.0||120.9||72.0||65.1||1,908.8|
|Source: Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service|
The settlements in the municipality are:
- Desmerice, population 262
- Donje Dubrave, population 199
- Donje Zagorje, population 230
- Drežnica, population 516
- Dujmić Selo, population 142
- Gornje Dubrave, population 90
- Gornje Zagorje, population 297
- Hreljin Ogulinski, population 549
- Jasenak, population 226
- Marković Selo, population 56
- Ogulin, population 8,216
- Otok Oštarijski, population 381
- Ponikve, population 98
- Popovo Selo, population 46
- Potok Musulinski, population 91
- Puškarići, population 439
- Ribarići, population 337
- Sabljak Selo, population 254
- Salopek Selo, population 246
- Sveti Petar, population 651
- Trošmarija, population 127
- Turkovići Ogulinski, population 249
- Vitunj, population 98
- Zagorje, population 115
This section needs additional citations for verification. (January 2011)
Parish Church of the Extolling Saint Cross
This church was built in 1781 in the middle of the town, in the Park of King Tomislav. Consecrated on June 1, 179, it reflects the spirit of the time with its pleasing external appearance and the richness of various sculptural decorations. The town of Ogulin celebrates September 14 as the fest day of its patron Saint of Extolling of the Cross.
Saint Bernard Chapel
Bernardin Frankopan, the son of Stjepan, and the founder of the town of Ogulin, erected a chapel in 16th century both for nobleman and ordinary people within the castle. It is devoted to St Bernardin. This chapel was the parish church from 1521 until the building of the church of St Cross in 1781. Today, only the altar has been preserved.
Saint Rocco Chapel
This chapel was built at the entrance to the town in the first half of 19th century as a votive church against cholera.
The Castle was built between 1493 and 1500 above the gorge of the River Dobra - Đula's abyss. The founder of the town was Bernardin Frankopan, one of the mightiest people of his time, and the feudal master of Modruš, Plaški, Vitunj, Tounj, Zvečaj, Bosiljevo, Novigrad and Dubovac. The Frankopans resided in the castle until 1533, when it was relinquished to the soldiers of the Military Frontier.
It belongs to the period of Renaissance castles. The town walls surrounded the courtyard area on three sides, while on the fourth there was a three-storey building with towers at the sides.
The County Museum
The County Museum of Ogulin was opened in July 1967 in several of the Frankopan Castle halls that were being renovated and prepared between 1960 and 1967. At the time of opening it hosted a collection of works related to the workers movement, and NOB, while today it is hosting collections of various kinds: collection of stone monuments, collection of Croatian War of Independence, ethnographic collection, the memorial room of Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić (a renowned Croatian fairy-tale author), mountaineering, archaeological collection, Cell number 6, and an exhibition of the academic painter Stjepan Galetić born in Ogulin. The museum also collects objects related to old crafts and trades, old weaponry, old photographs, and the collection of postcards and greeting cards.
Considering that the County Museum of Ogulin is the only museum in the entire area between the cities of Rijeka and Karlovac, it is the only institution that works on preserving the valuable cultural and historic heritage of that wider area, and as such its task is to collect, process, present and publish the historical and cultural works, documents, and other artistic artefacts from the area of Ogulin and its neighbouring areas.
King Tomislav Monument
The monument was erected in 1925, for the 1000th anniversary of the founding of the Croatian kingdom. It stands in the Park of King Tomislav which was planned and arranged in the 18th century. The monument was made according to the design of the Slovenian architect Vitburg Meck, and was repaired in 1990.
This classic building is also erected in the Park. It represents a memorial to the Ogulin aqueduct and was built by colonel Stevan Šuplikac from Ogulin in 1847. Water flowed from the spring through wooden tubes which were lately replaced by the clay, and in 1882 by the iron tubes. For Cesarovac source is connected and a legend. Water flows into the source, comes from a source located at the foot of the mountain Klek. And as on the mountain Klek lived a witch, so the water is magical. Legend says, that women who drink the water from the springs, will remain forever young. And men who drink water from springs, water will be captured to forever remain in this city, who you will fall in love with a woman from Ogulin, and by the end of life remain to live in Ogulin.
- Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić - writer
- Vladimir Goldner - physician, academic and professor
- Josip Kregar - lawyer and politician
- Elza Polak - horticulturist
- Ema Pukšec (also known as Ilma De Murska) - opera singer
- Barbara Radulović - television host
- Petar Stipetić - general
- Ante Pavić - tennis player
- Luka Cindrić - handball player
- Ivan Gošnjak
- Register of spatial units of the State Geodetic Administration of the Republic of Croatia. Wikidata Q119585703.
- "Položaj". Ogulin.hr. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
- "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2021 Census". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in 2021. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. 2022.
- "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Ogulin". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
- Dragana Lucija Ratković (December 2007). "Ivanina kuća bajke u Ogulinu, njihovu zajedničkom zavičaju" (PDF). Muzeologija (in Croatian) (43/44). Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- "Povijest Ogulina - Turistička zajednica Grada Ogulina". Tz-grada-ogulina.hr. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
- Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961.
- Nežić, Petar (1987). "Položaj i povijesni pregled ogulinskog kraja" (PDF). Šumarski list (in Croatian). Croatian Forestry Society (7–9): 318. ISSN 0373-1332. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- "Rivers and lakes ("Rijeke i jezera" in Croatian)". Retrieved 2020-06-10.
- "Ogulin Climate Normals" (PDF). Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- "Mjesečne vrijednosti za Ogulin u razdoblju1949−2014" (in Croatian). Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Karlovac". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
- "Zavičajni muzej Ogulin". Retrieved 4 June 2020.
- "The King Tomislav Monument - Turistička zajednica Grada Ogulina". Tz-grada-ogulina.hr. Retrieved 13 January 2018.