|Turkmen: Ogurjaly adasy|
19th-century Russian map of Ogurchinskiy Island
Location of Ogurja Ada in the Caspian Sea.
|Area||45 km2 (17 sq mi)|
|Length||42 km (26.1 mi)|
|Width||1.5 km (0.93 mi)|
|Population||No permanent residents|
Ogurja Ada (sometimes also spelt "Ogurga") is the largest island in Turkmenistan and the longest in the Caspian Sea. Ogurja Island is also widely known by its Russian name Ogurchinskiy Island (Ostrov Ogurchinskiy).
Ogurja Ada is very long and narrow. It runs from north to south, having a length of 42 km and a maximum width of 1.5 km. It is made up of low sand dunes, mostly covered with grass and bushes. The northern end, which was formerly a compact mass, was broken up into smaller islets by wave action.
The island has no permanent settlements, owing to the lack of fresh water. Between the 15th and the 17th centuries, Ogurchinskiy was a refuge for pirates and wayfarers and, later, was a leper colony. Administratively Ogurja Ada belongs to the Balkan Province (Balkan Welaýaty) of Turkmenistan.
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