Ogurja Ada

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Ogurchinskiy Island
Turkmen: Ogurjaly adasy
Ogurchinsky caspian.jpg
19th-century Russian map of Ogurchinskiy Island
Location of Ogurja Ada in the Caspian Sea.
Location of Ogurja Ada in the Caspian Sea.
Location Caspian Sea
Coordinates 39°03′39″N 53°02′36″E / 39.06083°N 53.04333°E / 39.06083; 53.04333Coordinates: 39°03′39″N 53°02′36″E / 39.06083°N 53.04333°E / 39.06083; 53.04333
Area 45 km2 (17 sq mi)
Length 42 km (26.1 mi)
Width 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
Region Balkan Province
Population No permanent residents

Ogurja Ada (sometimes also spelt "Ogurga") is the largest island in Turkmenistan and the longest in the Caspian Sea. Ogurja Island is also widely known by its Russian name Ogurchinskiy Island (Ostrov Ogurchinskiy).


Ogurja lies in the southeastern Caspian Sea, near the coast. It is located 17 km SSW of the southern tip of the Cheleken Peninsula.[1]

Ogurja Ada is very long and narrow. It runs from north to south, having a length of 42 km and a maximum width of 1.5 km. It is made up of low sand dunes, mostly covered with grass and bushes. The northern end, which was formerly a compact mass,[2] was broken up into smaller islets by wave action.[3]

The island has no permanent settlements, owing to the lack of fresh water. Between the 15th and the 17th centuries, Ogurchinskiy was a refuge for pirates and wayfarers and, later, was a leper colony.[4] Administratively Ogurja Ada belongs to the Balkan Province (Balkan Welaýaty) of Turkmenistan.


Caspian seals (Pusa caspica) and varied marine birds inhabit the island. Ogurja Ada is part of the Hazar Nature Reserve of Turkmenistan.[5]

Caspian seal (Pusa caspica)


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