Oh Happy Day

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"Oh Happy Day"
Oh Happy Day - Edwin Hawkins Singers.png
Single by Edwin Hawkins Singers
from the album
Let Us Go Into the House of the Lord
B-side"Jesus, Lover of My Soul"
Released1968 (April 1969, U.S.)
FormatLP
Recorded1967, Ephesian Church of God in Christ, Berkeley, California, U.S.
GenreGospel
Length4:59
LabelPavilion/Buddah
Songwriter(s)Edwin Hawkins, based on 18th-century hymn
Producer(s)Edwin Hawkins (1943-2018)
Edwin Hawkins Singers singles chronology
"Oh Happy Day"
(1968)
"All God's Children Got Soul"
(1969)
"Oh Happy Day"
(1969)
"All God's Children Got Soul"
(1969)

"Oh Happy Day" is a 1967 gospel music arrangement of an 18th-century hymn. Recorded by the Edwin Hawkins Singers, it became an international hit in 1969, reaching No. 4 on the US Singles Chart, No. 1 in France, Germany, and the Netherlands and No. 2 on the Canadian Singles Chart, UK Singles Chart, and Irish Singles Chart. It has since become a gospel music standard.

The recording begins with a muted piano, drum, and bass backing lead singer Dorothy Combs Morrison on the left-hand stereo channel, then alternates twice with a full-throated chorus that includes a large ensemble, and ends with a return to the muted sound at the beginning. The track is notable for its clear sound given the powerful vocals and the modest equipment used to capture them. It was made at Hawkins' church, the Ephesian Church of God in Christ in Berkeley, California.[1]

Origins[edit]

Edwin Hawkins’ gospel style arrangement of the hymn "Oh, Happy Day" has a long pedigree. It began as a hymn written in the mid-18th century ("O happy day, that fixed my choice") by English clergyman Philip Doddridge (based on Acts 8:35) set to an earlier melody (1704) by J. A. Freylinghausen.[2] By the mid-19th century it had been given a new melody by Edward F. Rimbault, who also added a chorus,[3] and was commonly used for baptismal or confirmation ceremonies in the UK and USA. The 20th century saw its adaptation from 3
4
to 4
4
time
and this new arrangement by Hawkins, which contains only the repeated Rimbault refrain, with all of the original verses being omitted.

The B-side of the single was Hawkins' own modern arrangement of "Jesus, Lover of My Soul" originally written by Charles Wesley in 1740.[4][5]

Legacy and influence[edit]

Hawkins' arrangement quickly became a “standard” and has been recorded by hundreds of artists. It was included on the RIAA Songs of the Century list and won Hawkins a Grammy Award for Best Soul Gospel Performance in 1970 (performed by the Edwin Hawkins Singers).[6]

In live performances and acoustic versions of the Nick Cave song "Deanna" (1988), portions of "Oh Happy Day" are included, revealing the inspiration for Cave's song.[7] George Harrison has stated the song was a primary inspiration in the writing of his 1970 international hit single "My Sweet Lord."[8]

The song has appeared in many movies, beginning with the German film Seventeen and Anxious in 1970, but most notably Whoopi Goldberg's Sister Act 2,[9] with then-17-year-old Ryan Toby singing lead. The song also appears in Big Momma's House,[10] Nutty Professor II: The Klumps,[11] David LaChapelle's 2005 movie Rize,[12] Robin Williams’s 2007 movie License to Wed.,[13] the 2010 biographical film produced by Walt Disney Pictures: Secretariat, and Spike Lee's BlacKkKlansman.

The song is regularly performed by space-rock band Spiritualized as the last song of their live sets; their version can be heard on the 1998 live album Royal Albert Hall October 10 1997.

Chart performance[edit]

Personnel[edit]

The song was also included on the album Let Us Go Into the House of the Lord (1968).[29] It was released as a 7" single on Pavilion Records in April 1969,[30] then on the Buddah Records album It's A Happy Day also in 1969.[31]

Awards[edit]

Other versions[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ W. K. McNeil (2013-10-18). Encyclopedia of American Gospel Music. Books.google.co.uk. p. 115. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  2. ^ a b c d Myers, Marc (2012-11-23). "When He Washed My Sins Away". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2018-01-23.
  3. ^ P. Doddridge and E. F. Rimbault, "Happy Day", in Joseph Flintoft Berry and Charles H. Gabriel (1914), edd., Hymns of the Heart, New York: Methodist Book Concern, Hymn 134.
  4. ^ "The Army and Navy Hymnal/Hymns/Jesus, Lover of My Soul - Wikisource, the free online library". En.wikisource.org. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  5. ^ "The Edwin Hawkins Singers - Oh Happy Day / Jesus, Lover Of My Soul - Buddah - UK - 201048". 45cat.com. 1969-05-17. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  6. ^ Hawkins Grammy Award 1970, Washington Post.
  7. ^ Acoustic Version Video on YouTube
  8. ^ DeMain, Bill. "George Harrison’s 'My Sweet Lord' Copyright Case". Performing Songwriter. Retrieved 2013-01-30.
  9. ^ Sister Act 2: Back In The Habit, IMDB Soundtrack Track Listing.
  10. ^ Big Momma's House, IMDB Soundtrack Track Listing.
  11. ^ Nutty Professor II: The Klumps, IMDB Soundtrack Track Listing.
  12. ^ "Various Artists, Flii Stylz, Dizee Rascal, Christina Aguilera, The Edwin Hawkins Singers, Dap & Planet Asia, The Blind Boys Of Alabama, The Caravans, Alice Ridley, Lil' C & Bloezarf - Rize - Music From the Original Motion Picture - Amazon.com Music". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  13. ^ "License to Wed Soundtrack Track Listing". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  14. ^ "Image : RPM Weekly - Library and Archives Canada". Bac-lac.gc.ca. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  15. ^ "Image : RPM Weekly - Library and Archives Canada". Bac-lac.gc.ca. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  16. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Edwin Hawkins Singers – Oh Happy Day". GfK Entertainment Charts.
  17. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Oh Happy Day". Irish Singles Chart.
  18. ^ "flavour of new zealand - search listener". Flavourofnz.co.nz. 1969-08-08. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  19. ^ "SA Charts 1965 - 1989". South African Rock Lists. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  20. ^ "Edwin Hawkins Singers: Artist Chart History". Official Charts Company.
  21. ^ "Music: Top 100 Songs - Billboard Hot 100 Chart". Billboard.com. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  22. ^ "Edwin Hawkins Singers Chart History (Adult Contemporary)". Billboard.
  23. ^ "Edwin Hawkins Chart History (Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs)". Billboard.
  24. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-11. Retrieved 2015-08-25.
  25. ^ "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada" (PDF). Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 2018-08-18.
  26. ^ "Top 100 Single-Jahreschart 1969". offiziellecharts.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  27. ^ "Top 100 1969 - UK Music Charts". Uk-charts.top-source.info. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  28. ^ "Top 100 Hits of 1969/Top 100 Songs of 1969". Musicoutfitters.com. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  29. ^ "The Edwin Hawkins Singers* - Let Us Go Into The House Of The Lord". Discogs. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  30. ^ "The Edwin Hawkins Singers* - Oh Happy Day". Discogs. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  31. ^ "The Edwin Hawkins Singers* - It's A Happy Day". Discogs. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  32. ^ [1]
  33. ^ "Club Nouveau - Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved 12 July 2017.

Other sources[edit]

External links[edit]