Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty

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Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty
Ugandan Anthem Music Sheet.InstrumentalSimple.svg

National anthem of  Uganda
LyricsGeorge Wilberforce Kakoma, 1962
MusicGeorge Wilberforce Kakoma, 1962
AdoptedOctober 1962; 58 years ago (1962-10)
Preceded by"God Save the Queen"
Audio sample
"Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty" (instrumental, one verse)

"Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty" is the national anthem of the Republic of Uganda. George Wilberforce Kakoma composed the music and authored the lyrics. This was adopted as the national anthem in 1962, when the country gained independence from the United Kingdom. It is one of the shortest national anthems in the world. Consequently, multiple verses are sung when it is performed in public.

History[edit]

From 1894 until the height of decolonisation during the 1960s, Uganda was a protectorate of the United Kingdom within its colonial empire.[1][2] In the run up to independence, a subcommittee was formed to determine an anthem for the forthcoming state.[3] It proceeded to hold a nationwide contest,[4] with the criteria they stipulated for the anthem was that it should be "short, original, solemn, praising and looking forward to the future".[3]

In the end, the lyrics and tune composed by George Wilberforce Kakoma was selected in July 1962.[3] He wrote the anthem in one day, having listened on Radio Uganda the night before about how none of the entries received so far had been deemed suitable by the subcommittee.[3] His entry was one of four that was shortlisted.[5] The song was officially adopted in 1962, the year the country gained independence.[4][6] The first public occasion where the anthem was played was at the celebrations marking independence on 9 October 1962.[1][5]

Kakoma subsequently sued the government in 2008, claiming that he was never adequately remunerated and thus had rights to over four decades of royalty payments.[5][7] He alleged that the government gave him a mere UGX2,000,[5][7] equivalent to less than £1 in 2008, as a "token of thanks".[7] Kakoma died before the country's Court of Appeal dismissed the case in 2019, finding that the anthem's copyright vested in the government and not the author.[5]

Lyrics[edit]

Source:[4][8]

Oh, Uganda! may God uphold thee,
We lay our future in thy hand;
United, free for liberty
together we'll always stand.

Oh, Uganda! the land of freedom,
Our love and labour we give;
And with neighbours all
At our country's call
In peace and friendship we'll live.

Oh, Uganda! the land that feeds us,
By sun and fertile soil grown;
For our own dear land,
We'll always stand,
The Pearl of Africa's Crown.

Swahili lyrics[edit]

Loo, Uganda! Mungu akusimamie,
Tunaweka mustakabali wetu mikononi mwako;
Umoja, bure kwa uhuru
pamoja tutasimama daima.

Loo, Uganda! ardhi ya uhuru,
Tunatoa upendo wetu na kazi yetu;
Na pamoja na majirani wote
Katika wito wa nchi yetu
Kwa amani na urafiki tutaishi.

Loo, Uganda! ardhi ambayo hutulisha,
Kwa jua na mchanga wenye rutuba uliopandwa;
Kwa ardhi yetu mpendwa,
Tutasimama daima,
Lulu ya Taji ya Afrika.

Composition[edit]

At only eight bars long,[A] "Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty" is one of the shortest national anthems in the world,[12][13] together with Japan's anthem.[14] Both Michael Bristow, the editor of the book National Anthems of the World,[15] and Philip Sheppard have identified Uganda's national anthem as the shortest.[16][17] As a result, multiple verses are typically sung when it is performed at public events like international football games.[12][18]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Some sources incorrectly state that the anthem is nine bars long.[9][10] This is because the pickup bar at the beginning of the song is only a partial measure and thus not counted as a complete bar.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ingham, Kenneth; Lyons, Maryinez (25 February 2020). "Uganda – History". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Uganda country profile". BBC News. BBC. 10 May 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d Musisi, Charles (9 October 2003). "Kakoma composed the anthem in a day". New Vision. Kampala. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Minahan, James B. (23 December 2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems. 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 929. ISBN 9780313344978.
  5. ^ a b c d e Karugaba, Phillip; Kakongi, Tracy (15 August 2019). "Uganda: Copyright In The National Anthem". ENSafrica. Mondaq. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Uganda". The World Factbook. CIA. 29 June 2020. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  7. ^ a b c Michaels, Sean (3 October 2008). "Composer demands royalties from Uganda national anthem". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  8. ^ "The National Anthem of Uganda". Embassy of the Republic of Uganda in Japan. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Uganda. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  9. ^ Hanks, Mark (30 April 2012). Usefully Useless: Everything you'd Never Learn at School (But May Like to Know). Random House. p. 28. ISBN 9781407074238.
  10. ^ The Big World of Fun Facts. Lonely Planet. 1 November 2019. p. 18. ISBN 9781788686570.
  11. ^ Feist, Jonathan (1 May 2017). Berklee Contemporary Music Notation. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 47. ISBN 9781540013002.
  12. ^ a b Sherwin, Adam (26 September 2011). "An Olympian challenge: To record all 205 national anthems". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  13. ^ Walker, Peter (18 July 2012). "London 2012 podium planners fight the fear of the upside-down flag". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  14. ^ "Ten things about national anthems". Mail & Guardian. Johannesburg. 21 September 2012. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  15. ^ Bristow, M. J. (2006). National Anthems of the World. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 9781540013002.
  16. ^ Spencer, Clare (27 July 2011). "Is the British national anthem too short?". BBC News Magazine. BBC. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  17. ^ "An Olympian anthem arrangement". BBC Radio 4 Today. BBC. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  18. ^ Wulf, Steve (15 August 2012). "Uganda team finally arrives at LLWS". ESPN. ESPN Internet Ventures. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.

External links[edit]