Ohaaki Power Station
|Ohaaki Power Station|
|Nameplate capacity||104 MW|
The Ohaaki Power Station is a geothermal power station owned and operated by Contact Energy. A distinctive feature of this power station is the 105 m high natural draft cooling tower, the only one of its kind in New Zealand.
Although initially constructed to generate 104 MW, decline in the steamfield has meant maximum net capacity is about 65 MW with an annual output of around 400 GWh pa.
There are currently three turbines in operation. One smaller turbine runs off high pressure steam which then backfeeds into the main intermediate pressure system that feeds the two main units. Condensers on the back end of the main turbines are fed cooled water from the cooling tower to condense the steam back into water. Additional condensate gained in this process is reinjected back into the ground.
The plant is located adjacent to the Ohaaki Marae (Ngāti Tahu) on the banks of the Waikato River in New Zealand. Gradual sinking of the marae has been attributed to draw-off of geothermal fluids by the power station. The area of the marae is sinking approximately 170mm a year. In the 1960s, the marae was moved to its present location because the previous site was flooded when the dam for the Ohakuri Power Station was filled.
- Contact Energy Prospectus, 1999
- "Contact Energy granted Ohaaki resource consents" (PDF) (Press release). Contact Energy. 4 November 2013.
- Ihaka, James (2 September 2009). "Sinking marae's iwi upset at second forced shift". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2009-09-02.
- Martin, John E, ed. (1991). People, Power and Power Stations: Electric Power Generation in New Zealand 1880 - 1990. Wellington: Bridget Williams Books Ltd and Electricity Corporation of New Zealand. pp. 316 pages. ISBN 0-908912-16-1.
- Tokeley, A. H.; Brown, D. P. (1992). "Ohaaki Power Station: Geothermal development in New Zealand". Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy 1990-1996 (vols 204-210). 206 (11): 41. doi:10.1243/PIME_PROC_1992_206_006_02.