Ohilimia

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Ohilimia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Salticidae
Genus: Ohilimia
Strand, 1911[1]
Type species
Diolenius albomaculatus
Thorell, 1881[1]
Species

See text.

Diversity[1]
3 species
Distribution.ohilimia.1.png
blue: O. albomaculata, orange: O. scutellata

Ohilimia is a spider genus of the Salticidae family (jumping spiders).[1]

Description[edit]

Ohilimia albomaculata reaches a body length of 7 to 8 mm, while O. scutellata is 5 to 7 mm long. The cephalothorax of O. albomaculata is densely covered with short hairs, O. scutellata is only sparsely covered. The sexes are similar, with males having distinctive shiny scuta. The first, elongated pair of legs is held in a mantis-like manner. It seems that Ohilimia mimic flies in reverse: their first legs are held like the wings of a fly, and they move backwards.[2]

Relationships[edit]

Ohilimia is probably closely related to Diolenius and Chalcolecta, which also have elongated front legs.

Distribution[edit]

Ohilimia only occurs in rainforests of the northeastern Cape York Peninsula of Australia, New Guinea and the Moluccas islands Ternate and Kai. The current distribution seems to be due to past land bridges.

Species[edit]

As of April 2017, the World Spider Catalog accepted the following species:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Gen. Ohilimia Strand, 1911". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2017-04-08. 
  2. ^ Davies & Żabka 1989

Bibliography[edit]

  • Thorell, T. (1881): Studi sui Ragni Malesi e Papuani. III. Ragni dell'Austro Malesia e del Capo York, conservati nel Museo civico di storia naturale di Genova. Ann. Mus. civ. stor. nat. Genova 17: 1-727.
  • Strand, E. (1911): Araneae von den Aru- und Kei-Inseln. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. 34: 127-199.
  • Kritscher, E. (1959): Die Arten der Gattung Discocnemius Thorell, 1881 (Aran., Salticidae). Doriana 3(101): 1-9.
  • Davies, T.V. & Żabka, M. (1989): Illustrated keys to the genera of jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) in Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 27(2): 189-266.
  • Gardzińska, J. (2006): A revision of the spider genus Ohilimia Strand, 1911 (Araneae: Salticidae). Annls zool. Warsz. 56: 375-385. PDF (with key to Ohilimia and related genera)

External links[edit]