Ohio's congressional districts

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Ohio's congressional districts since 2013[1]
Ohio's congressional districts since 2023

Ohio is divided into 16 congressional districts, each represented by a member of the United States House of Representatives. After the 2010 Census, Ohio lost two House seats due to slow population growth compared to the national average,[2] and a new map was signed into law on September 26, 2011. This map was ruled unconstitutional as partisan gerrymandering, and state Republicans were told to redraw the map before June 14, 2019.[3] However, on October 7, 2019, the U.S. Supreme Court dismissed the challenge to the map, allowing it to stay in effect for the 2020 election.[4]

2021 Redistricting[edit]

Starting in the 2022 midterms, per the 2020 United States census, Ohio will lose a congressional seat.[5] On November 17, 2021, after lengthy discussions, a new map was passed by the Ohio House of Representatives 55-36, along party lines, with no Democrat voting in favor of the map.[6] The map was sent to Governor of Ohio, Mike DeWine, where he accepted it 3 days later on November 20th.[7]

The map has been controversial, as Democrats accuse the map of being purposefully designed to benefit Republicans.[6][7] By December 7, 2021, six lawsuits had been filed against the new 15-seat congressional map, citing it as "racially discriminatory". The proposed map favors Republican to Democratic districts by a 12-3 margin.[8]

On January 14, 2022, the Ohio Supreme Court declared the map a partisan gerrymander, violating Article XIX of the Constitution of Ohio, in a 4-3 decision. The Ohio General Assembly had 30 days to draw a new map.[9]

On March 16, 2022, the Ohio Supreme Court rejected the new proposed state legislative district map for the third time.[10] The decision will most likely force Ohio to postpone its primary elections, scheduled to take place on May 3, until new maps of both state legislative seats and districts for the United States House of Representatives pass constitutional muster.[11]

Current (until 2023 inauguration) districts and representatives[edit]

On May 3, 2019, a three-judge panel from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio declared the Ohio's 2012 district map contrary to Article One of the United States Constitution, as "an unconstitutional partisan gerrymander" and ordered "the enactment of a constitutionally viable replacement" prior to the 2020 elections.[12] An appeal made to the U.S. Supreme Court resulted in the order to redraw the map being nullified.[4]

The following table is a list of members of the Ohio United States House delegation, their terms, their district boundaries, and the districts' political rating according to the CPVI. The delegation has a total of 16 members, with 12 Republicans and 4 Democrats.

Current U.S. representatives from Ohio
()
District Member
(Residence)[13]
Party Incumbent since CPVI
(2021)[14]
District map
1st SteveChabot.jpg
Steve Chabot
(Cincinnati)
Republican January 3, 2011 R+4 Ohio US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
2nd Brad Wenstrup official.jpg
Brad Wenstrup
(Cincinnati)
Republican January 3, 2013 R+9 Ohio US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
3rd Joyce Beatty congressional portrait 114th Congress.jpg
Joyce Beatty
(Columbus)
Democratic January 3, 2013 D+19 Ohio US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
4th Jim Jordan official photo, 114th Congress.jpg
Jim Jordan
(Urbana)
Republican January 3, 2007 R+20 Ohio US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
5th Bob Latta Official Portrait Congress.jpg
Bob Latta
(Bowling Green)
Republican December 11, 2007 R+15 Ohio US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
6th Bill Johnson, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Bill Johnson
(Marietta)
Republican January 3, 2011 R+24 Ohio US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
7th Bob Gibbs, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Bob Gibbs
(Lakeville)
Republican January 3, 2011 R+18 Ohio US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif
8th Warren Davidson Congressional Portrait ca2017.jpg
Warren Davidson
(Troy)
Republican June 7, 2016 R+19 Ohio US Congressional District 8 (since 2013).tif
9th Marcy Kaptur Wikipedia.jpg
Marcy Kaptur
(Toledo)
Democratic January 3, 1983 D+9 Ohio US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
10th Congressman Mike Turner.jpg
Mike Turner
(Dayton)
Republican January 3, 2003 R+5 Ohio US Congressional District 10 (since 2013).tif
11th Shontel Brown 1.png
Shontel Brown
(Warrensville Heights)
Democratic November 4, 2021 D+30 Ohio US Congressional District 11 (since 2013).tif
12th Troy Balderson, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Troy Balderson
(Zanesville)
Republican September 5, 2018 R+6 Ohio US Congressional District 12 (since 2013).tif
13th Rep. Tim Ryan Congressional Head Shot 2010.jpg
Tim Ryan
(Warren)
Democratic January 3, 2003 D+1 Ohio US Congressional District 13 (since 2013).tif
14th David Joyce.jpg
Dave Joyce
(Russell Township)
Republican January 3, 2013 R+5 Ohio US Congressional District 14 (since 2013).tif
15th Mike Carey 117th Congress.jpg
Mike Carey
(Columbus)
Republican November 4, 2021 R+9 Ohio US Congressional District 15 (since 2013).tif
16th Anthony Gonzalez, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Anthony Gonzalez
(Rocky River)
Republican January 3, 2019 R+10 Ohio US Congressional District 16 (since 2013).tif

Historical district boundaries[edit]

Obsolete districts[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The national atlas". nationalatlas.gov. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 22, 2014.
  2. ^ Wang, Robert (2010-12-21). "Census costs Ohio two seats in Congress". The Canton Repository. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  3. ^ Rosenberg, Gabe. "Ohio's Congressional Map Ruled Unconstitutional By Federal Court". radio.wosu.org. Retrieved 2019-05-03.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Supreme Court tosses challenge to Republican-drawn Ohio congressional maps". Reuters. 2019-10-08. Retrieved 2020-04-04.
  5. ^ Merica, Dan; Stark, Liz (April 26, 2021). "Census Bureau announces 331 million people in US, Texas will add two congressional seats". CNN. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
  6. ^ a b Balmert, Jessie. "Ohio Republicans propose congressional district maps advantaging the GOP. See them here". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2021-11-23.
  7. ^ a b "Ohio governor signs new congressional district map into law". ABC News. Retrieved 2021-11-23.
  8. ^ "Federal lawsuit says Ohio's new state legislative, congressional maps discriminate against Black voters". cleveland.com. Retrieved December 7, 2021.
  9. ^ Uniss, Kyle Anne (January 14, 2022). "Ohio Supreme Court invalidates GOP-drawn congressional districts". Courthouse News Service. Archived from the original on January 16, 2022. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  10. ^ Andy Chow (March 16, 2022). "Ohio Supreme Court March 16, 2022 ruling on state legislative maps". Scribd. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
  11. ^ Michael Wines (March 17, 2022). "In Ohio, a Standoff Over Political Maps Threatens the Next Elections". New York Times. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
  12. ^ Rosenberg, Gabe (May 3, 2019). "Federal Court Throws Out Ohio's Congressional Map". National Public Radio (NPR). Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  13. ^ "Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives". clerk.house.gov. Retrieved 2022-01-06.
  14. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". Cook Political Report. Retrieved 2022-01-06.

External links[edit]