Ohio's 1st congressional district

Coordinates: 39°10′N 84°34′W / 39.167°N 84.567°W / 39.167; -84.567
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ohio's 1st congressional district
Map
Interactive map of district boundaries since January 3, 2023
Representative
  Greg Landsman
DCincinnati
Distribution
  • 92.5% urban[1]
  • 7.5% rural
Population (2022)790,801[1]
Median household
income
$74,773[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+2[2]

Ohio's 1st congressional district is represented by Democrat Greg Landsman. The district includes the city of Cincinnati, all of Warren County and borders the state of Kentucky. This district was once represented by President William Henry Harrison. After redistricting in 2010, the district was widely seen as heavily gerrymandered by state Republicans to protect the incumbent, Steve Chabot.[3] Chabot lost the seat in 2022 to Landsman, after redistricting unified the city of Cincinnati into the district. The city was previously split between the 1st and 2nd districts.

The district includes all of Warren County, a much more heavily Republican area. Previous iterations of the district (before 2013) did not include Warren County.[4]

Demographics[edit]

According to the APM Research Lab's Voter Profile Tools[5] (featuring the U.S. Census Bureau's 2019 American Community Survey), the district contained about 551,000 potential voters (citizens, age 18+). Of these, 74% are White and 21% are Black. Immigrants make up 4% of the district's potential voters. Median income among households (with one or more potential voter) in the district is about $64,000, while 11% of households live below the poverty line. 8% of those 25 and older have not earned a high school degree, while 34% hold a bachelor's or higher degree.

Cities[edit]

List of members representing the district[edit]

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District established March 4, 1813

John McLean
(Lebanon)
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1813 –
April 1816
13th
14th
Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Resigned to become Associate Judge of the Ohio Supreme Court.
Vacant April 1816 –
October 8, 1816
14th

William Henry Harrison
(Cincinnati)
Democratic-
Republican
October 8, 1816 –
March 3, 1819
14th
15th
Elected to finish McLean's term.
Also elected the same day in 1816 to the next term.
Retired.
Thomas R. Ross
(Lebanon)
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1823
16th
17th
Elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
James W. Gazlay
(Cincinnati)
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th Elected in 1822.
Lost re-election.

James Findlay
(Cincinnati)
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1833
19th
20th
21st
22nd
Elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Re-elected in 1828.
Re-elected in 1830.
[data missing]
Robert Todd Lytle
(Cincinnati)
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 10, 1834
23rd Elected in 1832.
Resigned.
Vacant March 10, 1834 –
December 27, 1834
Robert Todd Lytle
(Cincinnati)
Jacksonian December 27, 1834 –
March 3, 1835
Re-elected in 1834 to finish the vacant term.
Was not elected to the next term.

Bellamy Storer
(Cincinnati)
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24th Elected in 1834.
[data missing]
Alexander Duncan
(Cincinnati)
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
25th
26th
Elected in 1836.
Re-elected in 1838.
[data missing]
Nathanael G. Pendleton
(Cincinnati)
Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th Elected in 1840.
[data missing]
Alexander Duncan
(Cincinnati)
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Elected in 1843.
[data missing]

James J. Faran
(Cincinnati)
Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1849
29th
30th
Elected in 1844.
Re-elected in 1846.
[data missing]

David T. Disney
(Cincinnati)
Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1855
31st
32nd
33rd
Elected in 1848.
Re-elected in 1850.
Re-elected in 1852.
[data missing]

Timothy C. Day
(Cincinnati)
Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th Elected in 1854.
[data missing]

George H. Pendleton
(Cincinnati)
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1865
35th
36th
37th
38th
Elected in 1856.
Re-elected in 1858.
Re-elected in 1860.
Re-elected in 1862.
[data missing]

Benjamin Eggleston
(Cincinnati)
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
39th
40th
Elected in 1864.
Re-elected in 1866.
Lost re-election.

Peter W. Strader
(Cincinnati)
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
41st Elected in 1868.
[data missing]

Aaron F. Perry
(Cincinnati)
Republican March 4, 1871 –
1872
42nd Elected in 1870.
Resigned.
Vacant 1872 –
October 8, 1872

Ozro J. Dodds
(Cincinnati)
Democratic October 8, 1872 –
March 3, 1873
Elected to finish Perry's term.
[data missing]

Milton Sayler
(Cincinnati)
Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
43rd
44th
45th
Elected in 1872.
Re-elected in 1874.
Re-elected in 1876.
[data missing]

Benjamin Butterworth
(Cincinnati)
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
46th
47th
Elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.
[data missing]

John F. Follett
(Cincinnati)
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
48th Elected in 1882.
[data missing]

Benjamin Butterworth
(Cincinnati)
Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1891
49th
50th
51st
Elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
[data missing]

Bellamy Storer
(Cincinnati)
Republican March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
52nd
53rd
Elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
[data missing]

Charles Phelps Taft
(Cincinnati)
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th Elected in 1894.
[data missing]

William B. Shattuc
(Madisonville)
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1903
55th
56th
57th
Elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
[data missing]

Nicholas Longworth
(Cincinnati)
Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1913
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
Elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Lost re-election.

Stanley E. Bowdle
(Cincinnati)
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd Elected in 1912.
Lost re-election.

Nicholas Longworth
(Cincinnati)
Republican March 4, 1915 –
April 9, 1931
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Died.
Vacant April 9, 1931 –
November 3, 1931
72nd

John B. Hollister
(Cincinnati)
Republican November 3, 1931 –
January 3, 1937
72nd
73rd
74th
Elected to finish Longworth's term.
Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Lost re-election.

Joseph A. Dixon
(Cincinnati)
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
75th Elected in 1936.
Lost re-election.

Charles H. Elston
(Cincinnati)
Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1953
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
Elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Retired.

Gordon H. Scherer
(Cincinnati)
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1963
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Retired.

Carl West Rich
(Cincinnati)
Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
88th Elected in 1962.
Lost re-election.

John J. Gilligan
(Cincinnati)
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
89th Elected in 1964.
Lost re-election.

Robert Taft Jr.
(Cincinnati)
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1971
90th
91st
Elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.

William J. Keating
(Cincinnati)
Republican January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1974
92nd
93rd
Elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Resigned.
Vacant January 3, 1974 –
March 5, 1974
93rd

Tom Luken
(Cincinnati)
Democratic March 5, 1974 –
January 3, 1975
Elected to finish Keating's term.
Lost re-election.

Bill Gradison
(Cincinnati)
Republican January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1983
94th
95th
96th
97th
Elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.

Tom Luken
(Cincinnati)
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1991
98th
99th
100th
101st
Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Retired.

Charlie Luken
(Cincinnati)
Democratic January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1993
102nd Elected in 1990.
Retired.

David S. Mann
(Cincinnati)
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
103rd Elected in 1992.
Lost re-election.

Steve Chabot
(Cincinnati)
Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2009
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
Elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Lost re-election.

Steve Driehaus
(Cincinnati)
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th Elected in 2008.
Lost re-election.

Steve Chabot
(Cincinnati)
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2023
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
117th
Elected again in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.
Lost re-election.

Greg Landsman
(Cincinnati)
Democratic January 3, 2023 –
present
118th Elected in 2022.

Recent election results[edit]

Year Democratic Republican Other
1920 John H. Allen: 40,195 Nicholas Longworth (Incumbent): 57,328 Eli G. Frankenstein: 1,134
Edward L. Hutchins (FL): 926
1922 Sidney G. Stricker: 30,945 Nicholas Longworth (Incumbent): 45,253 Edward L. Hutchins (FL): 3,094
1924 Thomas B. Paxton: 36,065 Nicholas Longworth (Incumbent): 58,125  
1926 John C. Rogers: 26,511 Nicholas Longworth (Incumbent): 45,317 Edward D. Colley: 268
1928 Arthur Espy: 49,880 Nicholas Longworth (Incumbent): 80,812  
1930 John W. Pattison: 46,974 Nicholas Longworth (Incumbent): 50,481  
1932 Edward H. Brink: 55,416 John B. Hollister (Incumbent): 66,018  
1934 Edwin G. Becker: 42,723 John B. Hollister (Incumbent): 53,985  
1936 Joseph A. Dixon: 71,935 John B. Hollister (Incumbent): 66,082  
1938 Joseph A. Dixon (Incumbent): 45,536 Charles H. Elston: 63,285  
1940 Joseph A. Dixon: 61,382 Charles H. Elston (Incumbent): 84,622  
1942 William H. Hessler: 33,884 Charles H. Elston (Incumbent): 54,120  
1944 Frank J. Richter: 62,617 Charles H. Elston (Incumbent): 82,373  
1946 G. Andrews Espy: 40,594 Charles H. Elston (Incumbent): 72,909  
1948 Morse Johnson: 69,240 Charles H. Elston (Incumbent): 73,952  
1950 Rollin H. Everett: 53,760 Charles H. Elston (Incumbent): 77,507  
1952 Walter A. Kelly: 60,015 Gordon H. Scherer: 96,385  
1954 Mrs. Warwick B. Hobart: 39,421 Gordon H. Scherer (Incumbent): 71,042  
1956 Leonard D. Slutz: 49,701 Gordon H. Scherer (Incumbent): 91,181  
1958 W. Ted Osborne: 54,119 Gordon H. Scherer (Incumbent): 70,686  
1960 W. Ted Osborne: 62,043 Gordon H. Scherer (Incumbent): 88,899  
1962 Monica Nolan: 44,264 Carl W. Rich: 74,320  
1964 John J. Gilligan: 74,525 Carl W. Rich (Incumbent): 69,114  
1966 John J. Gilligan (Incumbent): 62,580 Robert Taft Jr.: 70,366  
1968 Carl F. Heiser: 49,830 Robert Taft Jr. (Incumbent): 102,219  
1970 Bailey W. Turner: 39,820 William J. Keating: 89,169  
1972 Carl F. Heiser: 50,575 William J. Keating (Incumbent): 119,469  
1974 Thomas A. Luken (Incumbent): 67,685 Willis D. Gradison Jr.: 70,284  
1976 William F. Bowen: 56,995 Willis D. Gradison Jr. (Incumbent): 109,789 Christopher L. Martinson: 2,732
1978 Timothy M. Burke: 38,669 Willis D. Gradison Jr. (Incumbent): 73,593 Joseph E. May: 1,907
1980 Donald J. Zwick: 38,529 Willis D. Gradison Jr. (Incumbent): 124,080 Scott A. Breen: 3,571
1982 Thomas A. Luken (Incumbent): 99,143 John E. Held: 52,658 Jim Berms (L): 4,386
1984 Thomas A. Luken (Incumbent): 121,577 Norman A. Murdock: 88,859 Other: 10,222
1986 Thomas A. Luken (Incumbent): 90,477 Fred E. Morr: 56,100  
1988 Thomas A. Luken (Incumbent): 117,628 Steve Chabot: 90,738  
1990 Charles J. Luken: 83,932 Ken Blackwell: 80,362  
1992 David S. Mann: 120,190 Stephen Grote: 101,498 Jim Berns: 12,734
1994 David S. Mann (Incumbent): 72,822 Steve Chabot: 92,997  
1996 Mark P. Longabaugh: 94,719 Steve Chabot (Incumbent): 118,324 John G. Halley (N): 5,381
1998 Roxanne Qualls: 82,003 Steve Chabot (Incumbent): 92,421  
2000 John Cranley: 98,328 Steve Chabot (Incumbent): 116,768 David A. Groshoff (L): 3,399
Richard L. Stevenson (N): 1,933
2002 Greg Harris: 60,168 Steve Chabot (Incumbent): 110,760  
2004 Greg Harris: 116,320 Steve Chabot (Incumbent): 167,991  
2006 John Cranley: 90,963 Steve Chabot (Incumbent): 101,838  
2008[6] Steve Driehaus: 155,089 Steve Chabot (Incumbent): 140,469 Eric Wilson: 84
Rich Stevenson: 67
2010 Steve Driehaus (Incumbent): 92,672 Steve Chabot: 103,770 Jim Berns: 3,076
Rich Stevenson: 2,000
2012[7] Jeff Sinnard: 131,490 Steve Chabot (Incumbent): 201,907 Jim Berns (L): 9,674
Rich Stevenson (G): 6,654
2014[8] Fred Kundrata: 72,604 Steve Chabot (Incumbent): 124,779  
2016[9] Michele Young: 144,644 Steve Chabot (Incumbent): 210,014  
2018[10] Aftab Pureval: 141,118 Steve Chabot (Incumbent): 154,409 Dirk Kubala (L): 5,339
2020 Kate Schroder: 172,022 Steve Chabot (Incumbent): 199,560 Kevin David Kahn: 13,692
2022 Greg Landsman: 151,416 Steve Chabot (Incumbent): 140,058  

2010[edit]

Ohio's 1st Congressional district election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Steve Chabot 103,770 51.49
Democratic Steve Driehaus (Incumbent) 92,672 45.99
Libertarian Jim Berns 3,076 1.53
Green Rich Stevenson 2,000 0.99
Total votes 201,518 100.00
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

Source: "Representative to Congress: November 2, 2010". Ohio Secretary of State. Archived from the original on December 27, 2010. Retrieved April 1, 2011.

2012[edit]

Ohio's 1st congressional district (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Steve Chabot (incumbent) 201,907 57.7
Democratic Jeff Sinnard 131,490 37.6
Libertarian Jim Berns 9,674 2.8
Green Rich Stevenson 6,645 1.9
Total votes 349,716 100.0
Republican hold

2014[edit]

Ohio's 1st congressional district (2014)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Steve Chabot (incumbent) 124,779 63.2
Democratic Fred Kundrata 72,604 36.8
Total votes 197,383 100.0
Republican hold

2016[edit]

Ohio's 1st congressional district (2016)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Steve Chabot (incumbent) 210,014 59.2
Democratic Michele Young 144,644 40.8
Independent Sholom D. Keller (write-in) 114 0.0
Independent Kiumars G. Kiani (Write-in) 16 0.0
Total votes 354,788 100.0
Republican hold

2018[edit]

Ohio's 1st congressional district (2018)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Steve Chabot (incumbent) 154,409 51.3
Democratic Aftab Pureval 141,118 46.9
Libertarian Dirk Kubala 5,339 1.8
Independent Kiumars Kiani (write-in) 5 0.0
Total votes 300,871 100.0
Republican hold

2020[edit]

Ohio's 1st congressional district (2020)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Steve Chabot (incumbent) 199,560 51.8
Democratic Kate Schroder 172,022 44.7
Libertarian Kevin David Kahn 13,692 3.5
Write-in 11 0.0
Total votes 385,285 100.0
Republican hold

2022[edit]

Ohio's 1st congressional district (2022)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Greg Landsman 151,416 52.8
Republican Steve Chabot (incumbent) 140,058 47.2
Total votes 296,474 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

Recent statewide election results[edit]

Results under current lines (since 2023)[11]

Year Office Results
2016 President Hillary Clinton 49.7% - Donald Trump 45.7%
Senate Rob Portman 57.2% - Ted Strickland 38.8%
2018 Senate Sherrod Brown 55.7% - Jim Renacci 44.3%
Governor Richard Cordray 50.2% - Mike DeWine 47.0%
2020 President Joe Biden 53.5% - Donald Trump 45.0%
2022 Senate Tim Ryan 54.2% - J. D. Vance 45.8%
Governor Mike DeWine 54.8% - Nan Whaley 45.2%

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003–2013
2013–2023

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "My Congressional District".
  2. ^ "2022 Cook PVI: District Map and List". Cook Political Report. Retrieved January 10, 2023.
  3. ^ DAN SEWELL and JULIE CARR SMYTH. "Democrats hope to unseat GOP congressional members in Ohio". Omaha.com. Associated Press. Retrieved November 7, 2020.
  4. ^ "The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, 1789-1983. By Kenneth C. Martis. (New York: Free Press, 1982. Pp. 302. $150.00.)". American Political Science Review. 77 (4): 1144. December 1983. doi:10.2307/1957746. ISSN 0003-0554. JSTOR 1957746. S2CID 153328024.
  5. ^ "Representing US: 2020 Voter Profiles". APM Research Lab. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  6. ^ "2008 Election Results". Ohio Secretary of State.
  7. ^ "2012 Election Results". Ohio Secretary of State.
  8. ^ Ohio Secretary of State. Retrieved February 27, 2015
  9. ^ "Ohio's 1st Congressional District". Ballotpedia. Retrieved August 1, 2022.
  10. ^ "2018 Election Results". Ohio Secretary of State.
  11. ^ "2022 Cook PVI: District Map and List". Cook Political Report. Retrieved January 22, 2023.

Further reading[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Home district of the speaker of the House
(Nicholas Longworth)

December 7, 1925 – March 4, 1931
Succeeded by

39°10′N 84°34′W / 39.167°N 84.567°W / 39.167; -84.567