Ohio "Heartbeat Bill"

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The Ohio "Heartbeat Bill" (House Bill 493) is a bill passed by the Ohio Senate and the Ohio House to prohibit the act of abortion once the fetus's heart starts beating, if detected by external methods. The bill was passed on December 6, 2016 by the Ohio General Assembly but was vetoed by Ohio's Governor John Kasich on December 13, 2016.[1][2][3]

Legislative history[edit]

The original Bill was authored by Janet Porter of Faith2Action, who launched the first version of it in Ohio in 2011, and advocated for its passing; former Governor John Kasich vetoed it twice prior to its passing.[4]

The Bill was passed on to the executive powers of Ohio after the General Assembly passed it on December 6, 2016.[5] Governor John Kasich vetoed the bill on December 13, 2016, on the basis that it was unconstitutional and would almost certainly be struck down if challenged in court.[6] The Ohio House of Representatives considered whether to override Kasich's veto, which would require a three-fifths vote in both the House and the Senate.[7] However, the House leadership opted not to call lawmakers back to Columbus before the end of the year, ensuring Kasich's veto would stand.[8]

Legislative votes[edit]

Senate[edit]

The bill passed the Ohio Senate with a vote of 21 yeas, out of 33 seats in the senate. It received 10 nays.

House Bill 493 – Final vote in the Senate[9]
Party Votes for Votes against Abstained/Absent
Republican (23)
Democratic (10)
Total (33) 21 10 2

House of Representatives[edit]

The bill passed the Ohio House with a vote of 56 yeas, out of 99 seats in the house. It received 39 nays.

House Bill 493 – Final vote in the House of Representatives[9]
Party Votes for Votes against Abstained/Absent
Republican (65)
Democratic (34)
Total (99) 56 39 4

2019[edit]

In April 2019, Mike DeWine signed a bill into law that prohibits abortion after a heartbeat is detected in the fetus.[10][11]

On the third of July 2019, a federal judge blocked the implementation of the bill temporarily, just days before the law was to take effect. [12]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Graham, Ruth. "Extreme anti-abortion "heartbeat" bill passes Ohio state legislature in wave of Trump optimism". Slate.com. Retrieved 2016-12-08.
  2. ^ "Ohio's 'heartbeat bill': How conservative judges in other states gutted similar laws". Cleveland.com. Retrieved 2016-12-08.
  3. ^ Beth Mole (2012-05-17). ""Trumpmania" abortion battle begins: Ohio passes extreme heartbeat bill". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2016-12-08.
  4. ^ Ingles, Jo (2019-04-18). "Driving Force Behind Heartbeat Bill Left Out Of Bill Signing Celebration". The Columbus Dispatch. The Statehouse News Bureau.
  5. ^ Everhart, Michelle (December 7, 2016). "Ohio Politics Now: Will John Kasich sign the Heartbeat bill?". The Columbus Dispatch. GateHouse Media and Propel/DMG. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
  6. ^ Ludlow, Randy (December 13, 2016). "Gov. John Kasich vetoes Heartbeat Bill, signs 20-week abortion ban". The Columbus Dispatch. GateHouse Media and Propel/DMG. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
  7. ^ Ludlow, Randy (December 15, 2016). "Ohio House may try to override Kasich's veto of 'Heartbeat' abortion bill". The Columbus Dispatch. GateHouse Media and Propel/DMG. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
  8. ^ "Ohio lawmakers won't attempt to override veto of 'heartbeat' bill". The Columbus Dispatch. The Associated Press. 2016-12-28.
  9. ^ a b "House Bill 493 – Votes". The Ohio Legislature. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  10. ^ http://time.com/5568922/ohio-ban-abortion-first-heartbeat/
  11. ^ https://www.cnbc.com/2019/04/11/ohio-governor-to-sign-ban-on-abortion-after-first-detectable-heartbeat.html
  12. ^ "U.S. judge blocks Ohio 'heartbeat' law to end most abortions". Reuters. 2019-07-04. Retrieved 2019-10-19.