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The Ohio Express in 1973
|Also known as||Sir Timothy and the Royals|
|Origin||Mansfield, Ohio, United States|
Though marketed as a band, it would be more accurate to say that the name "Ohio Express" served as a brand name used by Jerry Kasenetz's and Jeffry Katz's Super K Productions to release the music of a number of different musicians and acts. The best known songs of Ohio Express (including their best scoring single, "Yummy Yummy Yummy") were actually the work of an assemblage of studio musicians working out of New York, including singer/songwriter Joey Levine.
Several other "Ohio Express" hits were the work of other, unrelated musical groups, including the Rare Breed, and an early incarnation of 10cc. In addition, a completely separate touring version of Ohio Express appeared at all live dates, and recorded some of the band's album tracks.
Beginnings: The Rare Breed (1966-67)
The question of who is the "real" Ohio Express is difficult to answer. The first record credited to The Ohio Express was "Beg, Borrow and Steal", a "Louie Louie" derivation which became a Top 40 hit in the US and Canada in late 1967. However, exactly the same record had initially been issued as by the Rare Breed in early 1966 on Attack Records. This failed to chart nationally, though it did see regional chart action in New Hampshire and Utah.
The Rare Breed issued one more single in 1966 on Attack, "Come and Take a Ride in My Boat", which was a minor chart hit in the US southwest though this single also failed to chart nationally (the song hit No. 6 a year later for Every Mother's Son as "Come on Down to My Boat"). The Rare Breed then apparently had a dispute with Super K Productions and left the company, never to record again.
The band's original recording of "Beg, Borrow & Steal" sung originally by former member Michael Fenneken, was then re-mixed and re-issued in August 1967 on Cameo Parkway Records, now credited to the Ohio Express (a name to which Super K Productions controlled all rights). The record was a No. 1 single in Columbus, Ohio, by early September, and gradually became a hit across Canada and the US through the following months.
The otherwise exhaustively annotated Nuggets box set (which includes "Beg, Borrow and Steal") suggests the Rare Breed were from New York or New Jersey, but offers no other data. However, a 2003 interview and a 2009 YouTube post of a performance of "Beg, Borrow and Steal" identifies the members of the Rare Breed as John Freno (vocals, guitar), Barry Stolnick (keyboards), Joel Feigenbaum (rhythm guitar), Alexander "Bots" Narbut (vocals, bass) and Tony Cambria (drums), all originally from Brooklyn and the Bronx, New York.
Sir Timothy and the Royals take over (1967)
With no group available to promote the single by playing live dates, Super K Productions hired a Mansfield, Ohio, band known as Sir Timothy & the Royals and renamed them the Ohio Express. The lineup consisted of Dale Powers (vocals, lead guitar), Doug Grassel (born Douglas Martin Grassel in Mansfield, Ohio; July 5, 1949 – September 21, 2013; rhythm guitar), Dean Kastran (bass), Jim Pfahler (born James William Pfahler in Mansfield, Ohio; August 12, 1948 – March 10, 2003; keyboards) and Tim Corwin (drums). This group toured as the Ohio Express, and their touring commitments (and Ohio home base) made it difficult for them to head into the New York-based Super K offices to record a follow-up single to "Beg, Borrow and Steal". Of the "official" group members, only Dale Powers (lead vocals) appeared on the second single credited to Ohio Express, "Try It", later covered by the Standells. The single stalled well outside the US Top 40, peaking at No. 83.
The group soon recorded an album called Beg, Borrow and Steal. It mixed the original Rare Breed title track with tracks recorded by the Ohio Express touring group, as well as tracks recorded by the Super K staff musicians with vocals by Powers. The LP came out on Cameo-Parkway Records of Philadelphia in the autumn of 1967. Unfortunately, the record label went into bankruptcy shortly after that and was purchased by music business mogul Allen Klein, who owns the masters to this day.
Two songs on the Beg, Borrow and Steal LP, "I Find I Think of You" and "And It's True", were actually recorded by the Kent, Ohio, band the Measles, led by Joe Walsh, later of the Eagles and the James Gang. In addition, the Measles recorded an instrumental version of "And It's True" (retitled "Maybe") which was placed on the B-side of the "Beg, Borrow and Steal" single.
The Joey Levine years (1968-69)
The Ohio Express then moved to the home label of bubblegum pop, Buddah Records. At the same time, Joey Levine (who had co-written "Try It") was coming up with new material for the Ohio Express at the behest of Super K Productions. He recorded a demo version of the track "Yummy Yummy Yummy" with Super K staff musicians and his own guide vocal for the Ohio Express to record over. However, Buddah head Neil Bogart liked the demo enough that he released the record "as is", with Levine's vocals intact and no input at all from the touring version of the Ohio Express. The song became an international smash hit, peaking at #4 US, #5 UK, #5 Ireland, #7 Australia and #1 Canada. Two months after its issue it had sold over one million copies, and was granted gold disc status by the R.I.A.A. in June 1968.
The success of the Levine-led "Yummy Yummy Yummy" set a pattern for the Ohio Express. They released four LPs and a multitude of singles for Buddah between 1968 and 1970, but the "official" group that appeared on album sleeves and at live shows contributed not a single note to their hit singles. For the year following the release of "Yummy Yummy Yummy", all Ohio Express singles were co-written and sung by Levine, with musical accompaniment by anonymous New York session musicians. Under this arrangement, in 1968 and 1969 the group scored three further top 40 hits in the US, Canada and Australia with "Down at Lulu's", "Chewy Chewy" and "Mercy". "Chewy Chewy" was the group's second million seller by March 1969. Also around this time, the group name lost the definite article, becoming "Ohio Express" for most releases from this point forward.
There are no known occasions of Levine performing with the "official" Ohio Express quintet, either live or in the studio. The five lads from Ohio, meanwhile, could only be heard on a few of the album tracks. Allegedly, the touring group was not even informed of the existence of "Chewy Chewy", the new single that had come out under their name — and when fans requested it at a live show, they were consequently unable to play it.
"Recycled" tracks (1968-70)
Super K Productions often recycled tracks from one act to another, issuing exactly the same recording under two different band names. In addition to the Ohio Express hit "Beg, Borrow and Steal" (initially credited to the Rare Breed), fans have noted that various Ohio Express B-sides and album tracks were in fact initially issued and credited to other Super K acts. Examples include the B-side of the "Sausalito" single, "Make Love Not War", which was originally issued as "Road Runner" by the Music Explosion and the 1970 album track "Shake", originally issued by Kasenetz Katz Super Circus. As well, "Zig Zag," the B-side to "Yummy Yummy Yummy", was the instrumental track of 1910 Fruitgum Company's "(Poor Old) Mr. Jensen" cut to play backwards.
The Post-Levine era (1969-70)
After five straight singles co-written and sung by Joey Levine (four of which made the US and Canadian Top 40), Levine grew dissatisfied with the amount of money he was receiving from his production deal, and left Super K Productions in early 1969. The company then turned to other hands to write, produce and perform Ohio Express singles. The Ohio touring quintet was not among them.
After Levine left, The Ohio Express never again made the top 40 in North America, although three 1969 singles made the lower reaches of the US and Canadian singles charts. One later minor hit single, "Sausalito (is the Place to Go)" was co-written and sung by Graham Gouldman, and performed by the four musicians who would later make up 10cc. Another late single, "Cowboy Convention", sneaked into the Australian top 40, peaking at No. 38.
By 1970, with the hits having stopped, the group name Ohio Express was then quietly retired in 1972 (there was a one-shot 1973 Buddah release credited to Ohio Ltd.).
In 1975, Kasanetz and Katz briefly put together a new live band using the name the Ohio Express. The band performed at clubs on Long Island for a short while, and featured John Visconti on lead vocals and rhythm guitar, Irv Berner on lead guitar and vocals, Elliot Schwartz on keys and vocals and Angie on bass guitar. Len Napolitano filled in on drums for several performances.
Years later Tim Corwin revised another version of the band and began performing nationally and overseas. Corwin kept the band active, and filed for a service mark for the name Ohio Express, in 1999 without the consent of the record labels that own the rights to the name with the various master recordings. The Ohio Express recently has performed in Las Vegas, other casinos and most recently (2012) Corwin made an appearance on Cologne Television, performing "Yummy Yummy Yummy".
In the mid-1970s, Mansfield guitarist Mike Brumm, joined and remained in the group until the late 2000s.
The Ohio Express today
A new touring version of The Ohio Express was convened in the 1980s. Today, a line-up led by original drummer Tim Corwin on lead vocals, John Baker (Lead guitar), Andy Lautzenheiser (Bass), Bill Hutchman (Drums), Jeff Burgess (Keyboard) and Warren Sawyer (Rhythm guitar and Keyboards) tours the oldies circuit.
On July 23, 1988, the original touring quintet of Powers, Kastran, Grassel, Pfahler and Corwin reunited for a "20 Year Reunion Concert" at the Renaissance Theater in their Mansfield hometown.
Two of the original touring group members have died: keyboardist/vocalist/songwriter Jim Pfahler died on March 10, 2003 at age 54, and rhythm guitarist Doug Grassel died of lung fibrosis on September 21, 2013 at age 64.
Bassist Dean Kastran now plays bass and sings in the Eggerton-Kastran Group (a.k.a., EKG), an acoustic duo with vocalist/guitarist Denny Eggerton, and the five-piece band the Caffiends, both based in Mansfield, Ohio. Dale Powers is now a Christian music evangelist based in Mansfield, Ohio, and founded his own record label as well as website for his ministry. Dean Kastran plays bass in the Race Ministries Band and recorded tracks with Dale on his album of original songs titled "The Journey Within!".
|A-side / B-side
Both sides from same album except where indicated
|1967||Oct||"Beg, Borrow and Steal"
b/w "Maybe" (Non-album track)
|Cameo 483||Beg, Borrow and Steal||A-side is the same exact recording as by The Rare Breed (Attack 1401)|
b/w "Soul Struttin'"
|Cameo 2001||A-side is a version of The Standells' "banned" version|
|April||"Yummy Yummy Yummy"
b/w "Zig Zag" (Non-album track)
|Buddah 38||Ohio Express||B-side is the instrumental backing of 1910 Fruitgum Co's. (Poor Old) Mr. Jensen" recorded backwards, a common practice of producers Kasenetz & Katz to discourage double-sided hits|
|Aug||"Down at Lulu's"
b/w "She's Not Comin' Home"
|Buddah 70||Chewy, Chewy|
|1969||Feb||"Sweeter Than Sugar"
b/w "Bitter Lemon" (Non-album track)
|Buddah 92||Mercy||B-side is the A-side recorded backwards|
b/w "Roll It Up" (Non-album track)
|Jun||"Pinch Me (Baby, Convince Me)"
b/w "Peanuts" (from Mercy)
|Buddah 117||The Very Best of the Ohio Express||A-side lead vocal by Buddy Bengert|
|Sep||"Sausalito (Is the Place to Go)"
b/w "Make Love Not War" (Non-album track)
|Buddah 129||A-side performed by the members of 10cc, 3 years before they adopted that name. Lead vocal by Graham Gouldman. B-side is the same exact recording as "Road Runner" by The Music Explosion (Laurie 3429, 1968)|
b/w "The Race (That Took Place)" (Non-album track)
|1970||Mar||"Love Equals Love"
b/w "Peanuts" (from Mercy)
|Buddah 160||Non-album tracks|
b/w "Ooh La La"
|Super K 14|
b/w "Slow and Steady"
|Buddah 386||Shown as Ohio Ltd.|
- Beg, Borrow and Steal – Cameo C-20000 (Mono) / CS-20000 (Stereo) – 1967
- Beg, Borrow and Steal / And It's True / Had to Be Me / Let Go / Soul Struttin' / Try It / I Know We'll Be Together / I Find I Think of You / Stop Take a Look Around / Hard Times / It's Too Groovy
- The Ohio Express (#126) – Buddah BDM-1018 (Mono, promotional release only) / BDS-5018 (Stereo) – 7/68
- Yummy Yummy Yummy / Winter Skies / Into This Time / First Grade Reader / Mary-Ann / Down at Lulu's / Turn to Straw / Vacation / She's Not Comin' Home / It's a Sad Day (It's a Sad Time) / The Time You Spent with Me
- Chewy Chewy (#191) – Buddah BDS-5026 – 2/69
- Mercy – Buddah BDS-5037 – 1969
- Mercy / Lucky / Sha La La / Nighttime / Peanuts / Up Against the Wall / Sweeter Than Sugar / Jacksonville Station / Ooh La La / Come on Down Maryann / Gimme Gimme
- The Very Best of the Ohio Express – Buddah BDS-5058 – 1970
- Cowboy Convention / Yummy Yummy Yummy / Chewy Chewy / Sausalito (Is the Place to Go) / Sweeter Than Sugar / Mercy / Down at Lulu's / Pinch Me (Baby, Convince Me) / Down Tennessee / Shake
- Ohio Express - Golden Classics – Collectibles COL CD-0535 – 1994
- Yummy, Yummy, Yummy / Mary-Ann / Down At Lu Lu's / Turn To Straw / She's Not Comin' Home / Down In Tennessee / Che/ Chewy Chewy / Shake / Sweeter Than Sugar / Mercy / Pinch Me / Peanuts / Fire Bird / Roll It Up / Sausalito (Is The Place To Go) / Cowboy Convention / Race (That Took Place)
- Yummy Yummy Yummy – The Best of the Ohio Express – Buddha 99800 – 2001
- Yummy Yummy Yummy / Nothing Sweeter Than My Baby / Lucky / Sweeter Than Sugar / Nighttime / Chewy Chewy / She's Not Comin' Home / Gimme Gimme / 1, 2, 3, Red Light / Down at Lulu's / Firebird / Sausalito (Is the Place to Go) / Pinch Me (Baby, Convince Me) / Mercy
- The song "Yummy Yummy Yummy" was featured in several popular television shows, including Monty Python's Flying Circus, The Simpsons, and Six Feet Under. It was also briefly played in Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas and Futurama.
- Several Ohio Express songs have been used in television commercials in the ensuing years, most notably "Chewy Chewy" in a 2001 advertisement campaign for Quaker Oats Granola bars.
- Tim Corwin recently performed "Yummy Yummy Yummy" on a German T.V. show promoting the Italian Chocolate company Ferrero.
- Thomas, Fred. Ohio Express at AllMusic. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1997). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Concise ed.). Virgin Books. p. 917. ISBN 1-85227-745-9.
- "ARSA &No. 124; Nancy Sinatra — Friday's Child". Las-solanas.com. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
- "ARSA | Ohio Express — Beg, Borrow and Steal". Las-solanas.com. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
- "The Record Robot: Ohio Repress". Recordrobot.blogspot.com. 2007-03-01. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
- "Beg, Borrow and Steal - Original band members - Ohio Express Song". YouTube. 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
- "Douglas Martin Grassel Jul 05, 1949 - Sep 21, 2013". oakridgefuneralcare.com. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
- "James William Pfahler". The News-Press. March 12, 2003. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 245. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- "Cover Story: The Pretenders". Citybeat.com. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
- Doc Rock. "July to December". The Dead Rock Stars Club. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 405. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.