Ohio State Highway Patrol
|Ohio State Highway Patrol|
Patch of the Ohio State Highway Patrol
Badge of the Ohio State Highway Patrol
|Employees||2,521 (as of 2012) |
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||State of Ohio, USA|
|Ohio State Highway Patrol districts and posts|
|Size||44,825 square miles (116,100 km2)|
|Population||11,538,504 (2010 Census) |
|Troopers||1,530 (as of 2012) |
|Civilians||991 (as of 2011) |
|Agency executive||Colonel Paul A. Pride, Superintendent|
|Parent agency||Ohio Department of Public Safety|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
Operationally, the Patrol is divided into units whose varying tasks complement the mission of the Patrol to provide safe roadways throughout the state. Operational units include the Office of Field Operations, units specializing in Aviation, a Special Response Team, Crash reconstruction, Inspections, Mobile Field Force, and Criminal Patrol; Human Resource Management, includes Labor Relations, Career Development and the Administrative Investigation Unit; Office of Investigative Services, includes statewide investigation of crimes occurring on state owned or leased property, crime lab, polygraph services, executive protection for the governor, criminal intelligence and computer crime unit; License and Commercial Standards, which provide for oversight of driver's license and commercial vehicle regulations throughout the state;
The Patrol also has administrative offices which include the Offices of Technology and Communication Services, Finance and Logistics Services, Strategic Services and Recruitment and Training.
The Patrol maintains 55 posts, each administered by one of eight districts and responsible for one, two, or three of Ohio's 88 counties or the Ohio Turnpike. The Berea/Turnpike District operates from four posts on the Ohio Turnpike. Since the turnpike opened in 1955, the Ohio Turnpike Commission has contracted with the Ohio State Highway Patrol to provide law enforcement and assistance to disabled or stranded motorists. They are the only law enforcement agency with jurisdiction on the turnpike.
Recently the Patrol created a mission statement entitled "LifeStat 1.0", detailing the strategic goals for the Patrol. Allowing state patrol to enforce higher than the average citation. One of the primary goals of this document was the reduction of traffic crash deaths in Ohio to one per 100 million vehicle miles traveled by the end of 2007.; the goal was ambitious: the rate reduced to 1.13 in 2007, 1.10 in 2008  . According to the Patrol, its 1,400 Troopers made over 1.4 million professional stops in 2006, with 60 percent being non-enforcement stops to help, assist or educate motorists. Twenty-five percent of enforcement-related stops in 2006 was for either aggressive driving or for an OVI offense. The Patrol arrested 26,187 drivers for OVI in 2006, and cited 133,650 drivers for aggressive driving.
- Superintendent – Colonel
- Assistant Superintendent – Lt. Colonel
- Assistant Superintendent – Lt. Colonel
- Administrative Staff
- Public Affairs Unit
- Office of Personnel – Major
- Administrative Investigations Unit
- Employee Evaluation & Development
- Employee Relations
- Staffing Services
- Professional Standards Section
- Regional Training
- Training Academy
- Office of Strategic Services – Major
- The Hub
- Communication Center
- Dispatch Operations
- Criminal Intel Unit
- Finance and Logistics
- Information Technology – LEADS
- Technology and Communication Services
- The Hub
- Office of Special Operations – Major
- Ohio Investigative Unit
- Crime Lab
- Criminal Patrol
- Office of Field Operations – Major
- Capitol Operations
- Crash Reconstruction
- Executive Protection Unit
- Government Affairs
- Licensing and Commercial Standards
- Special Response Team
- Office of Planning and Analysis – Major
- Administrative Audits
- Central Records
- Crime Laboratory
- Historical Preservation Unit
- Ohio Traffic Safety Office
- Photographic Services
- Policy Development/Accreditation
- Risk Management Unit
- Special Events Unit
- Statistical Analysis
- Traffic Safety/FARS
The Patrol has a strength of approximately 1,600 Troopers in addition to nearly 1,000 support personnel, including load limit inspectors, motor vehicle inspectors, motor carrier enforcement inspectors, dispatchers, electronics technicians, and civilian specialists. The Patrol also maintains an all-volunteer auxiliary which was created during World War II to supplement staffing lost to the war effort.
The OSHP also maintains a force of State of Ohio Police Officers mostly located in the Columbus, Ohio area, who provide security police services to the Ohio Department of Transportation and the Ohio Expo Center as well as perform security functions at special events. A State of Ohio Police Officers provides general police services and enforces appropriate laws, rules, regulations, and procedures at selected state facilities. Officers assist in the apprehension and arrest of criminal violators, conduct investigations of suspicious persons and incidents, and assist the public whenever needed. Preliminary qualifications include: United States citizen, Valid driver's license, 21 years of age or older, High school diploma or G.E.D., and OPOTA Certification.
The Ohio State Highway Patrol was founded in 1933 under the command of Colonel Lynn Black. Originally, the Highway Patrol used solid black cars with the Flying Wheel on the door. In 1966, white cruisers made their appearance on the Ohio Turnpike. By 1972 all Ohio State Highway Patrol cruisers were white, which they remained until 1982 when they moved to sterling silver. The silver cars remained until 1991. In 1992, they moved to dark grey cruisers marked with the famous "flying wheel" insignia on the doors and a yellow stripe running the length of the car to make patrol cars more visible to motorists, in the hopes of avoiding trooper deaths related to accidents in Northern Ohio's strong winter storms. However, in 2002, the decision was made to transition the force back to white colored patrol vehicles with larger lightbars in response to a number of incidents where troopers were killed by inattentive motorists. The OSHP remains to this day a highly respected organization, having gained CALEA accreditation.
In August 2011, the Ohio State Highway Patrol announced that all of their old lightbars (which were a combination of red and blue strobe lights and LED lights) will be changed over by the end of the year to an all blue and white LED lightbar, which is far brighter than the older lightbars. They currently utilize the Chevrolet Tahoe, Chevrolet Impala, Ford CVPI, Dodge Charger, and Dodge Durango. Starting in 2012, the OSHP will switch their fleet from primarily white Ford Police Interceptors to silver Dodge Chargers.
In the line of duty
During the history of the Patrol, 40 Troopers have died in performance of their duties. Of that number, two were killed in aircraft accidents, sixteen in either motorcycle or automobile accidents, and nine were struck by vehicles or trains. Further, seven were killed in vehicle pursuits or vehicular assault, three by gunfire, one Trooper was electrocuted and one died from an allergic reaction to a bee sting.
The OSHP demographics are:
- Male: 91%
- Female: 9%
- White: 86%
- African-American/Black: 11%
- Hispanic: 3%
The Patrol Auxiliary was created in 1942 when many Troopers entered service with the United States military due to World War II. Originally, members of the Auxiliary were required to be members of the American Legion because they were previous war veterans who were unlikely to be drafted.
- List of law enforcement agencies in Ohio
- State police
- State patrol
- Highway patrol
- Mark Dailey – former patrolman and Canadian newscaster
- "Dispatch Politics". Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- 2010 Census Data Archived October 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
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- "Traffic Safety Facts" (PDF). NHTSA. December 2009.
Table 3: Total Alcohol-Impaired Fatalities and the Corresponding Fatality Rates per 100 Million VMT, 2007–2008. Ohio 1.13 (2007), 1.10 (2008)
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- "OSHP - Training". Retrieved 28 November 2016.
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- "Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics, 2000: Data for Individual State and Local Agencies with 100 or More Officers" (PDF). United States Department of Justice. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-04. Retrieved 2007-04-11.
- "Patrol Auxiliary". Ohio State Highway Patrol. Archived from the original on 2007-01-02. Retrieved 2007-01-08.
- "Ohio State Highway Patrol Auxiliary". Volunteers in Police Service. Retrieved 2007-01-08.