Ohrid Agreement

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Ohrid Agreement
Aneks kon ramkoven dogovor.jpg
Annex of Ohrid Agreement
TypePeace agreement
Signed13 August 2001 (2001-08-13)
LocationOhrid, Macedonia
Original
signatories
Republic of Macedonia
Ethnic Albanian representatives

The Ohrid Framework Agreement (Albanian: Marrëveshja e Ohrit, Macedonian: Охридски рамковен договор, romanizedOhridski ramkoven dogovor) was the peace deal signed by the government of the Republic of Macedonia and ethnic Albanian representatives on 13 August 2001. The agreement was signed by the country's four political parties after international mediators demanded for their commitment to its ratification and implementation within a four-year period.[1]

Provisions[edit]

The Ohrid Agreement created a framework for Macedonia as a civic state.[2] It established basic principles of the Macedonian state such as cessation of hostilities, voluntary disarmament of ethnic Albanian armed groups, government devolution, and the reform of minority political and cultural rights.[3] It ended the armed conflict between the National Liberation Army and the security of North Macedonia forces.

The Agreement also included provisions for altering the official languages of the country, with any language spoken by over 20% of the population becoming co-official with the Macedonian language at the municipal level.[3] Currently only the Albanian language, with an approximate 25% of the population fulfils this criterion.[4] According to the document, the version in English language is the only authentic version of the Ohrid Framework Agreement. The Government of North Macedonia had to adapt the Constitution of North Macedonia to give the Albanian minority living in North Macedonia fifteen basic rights. The lead negotiator on the behalf of the United States in the Ohrid Agreement was James W. Pardew, who had been dispatched by then-Secretary of State, Colin Powell.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dimova, Rozita (2013). Ethno-Baroque: Materiality, Aesthetics and Conflict in Modern-Day Macedonia. New York: Berghahn Books. p. 131. ISBN 9781782380405.
  2. ^ Caspersen, Nina (2017). Peace Agreements: Finding Solutions to Intra-state Conflicts. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press. p. 76. ISBN 9780745680262.
  3. ^ a b Watkins, Clem S. (2003). The Balkans. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. p. 113. ISBN 1590335252.
  4. ^ Brunnbauer, Ulf (2002). "The implementation of the Ohrid Agreement: Ethnic Macedonian resentments" (PDF). Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe (1/2002). Retrieved 2015-05-18.

External links[edit]