Oignies

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Oignies
Pit 9 - 9 in Oignies
Pit 9 - 9 in Oignies
Coat of arms of Oignies
Location of Oignies
Oignies is located in France
Oignies
Oignies
Oignies is located in Hauts-de-France
Oignies
Oignies
Coordinates: 50°28′12″N 2°59′40″E / 50.47°N 2.9944°E / 50.47; 2.9944Coordinates: 50°28′12″N 2°59′40″E / 50.47°N 2.9944°E / 50.47; 2.9944
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentPas-de-Calais
ArrondissementLens
CantonHénin-Beaumont-1
IntercommunalityCA Hénin-Carvin
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Fabienne Dupuis-Merlevede
Area
1
5.52 km2 (2.13 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
9,841
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
62637 /62590
Elevation23–33 m (75–108 ft)
(avg. 28 m or 92 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Oignies (French pronunciation: ​[waɲi]) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

Geography[edit]

Oignies is a former coalmining town, nowadays a light industrial town, 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Lens, at the junction of the D46 and the D160 roads. The A1 autoroute passes through the commune, alongside a wooded and lake-filled parkland area.

History[edit]

Ancient times[edit]

The town of Oignies seems to have been inhabited since early Christian times. Then it was known as Ongniacume.

Coal is discovered[edit]

In the grounds of the Château of Mme De Clercq on 7 June 1842 an Engineer, Monsieur Mulot, discovered the presence of coal, an economic godsend for the region which then developed a huge mining industry. This was the first discovery of coal in the region.

The two world wars[edit]

During the First World War, the town was occupied by the Germans. Shortly before their retreat from the territory in October 1918 they destroyed the town and coal mines.

Between 28 May 1940 and 2 September 1944, the town was once again occupied by the troops of Nazi Germany. Shortly after they arrived the occupying forces burned 380 houses and killed 80 civilians in revenge for the fierce resistance they met on the bridge of the Battery.

In 1919, Oignies had seen the arrival in the town of Georges Clemenceau who came to bestow the "Croix de guerre". In 1948, it was the turn of Vincent Auriol accompanied by François Mitterrand who once again bestowed the cross on the town. He inaugurated a mausoleum remembering those 80 shot on 28 May 1940 and declared Oignies a "Ville Martyre" (martyred town).[2]

End of coal mining[edit]

On 21 December 1990, the last truck of coal was hoisted from shaft 9 at Oignies. This well-publicized event marked the end of coal mining in the whole of the north of France.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Oignies
The arms of Oignies are blazoned :

Vert, a fess ermine. (Oignies, Beaucamps-Ligny, Estrées, Gruson and Wicres use the same arms.)



Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1968 12,563—    
1975 11,649−1.07%
1982 10,546−1.41%
1990 10,660+0.13%
1999 10,531−0.14%
2007 10,235−0.36%
2012 9,771−0.92%
2017 9,767−0.01%
Source: INSEE[3]

Notable people[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

The coal mines
  • The church of St. Barthélemy, rebuilt along with most of the town, after the First World War.
  • The coalmining museum.
  • The chateau, dating from the sixteenth century.
  • The war memorial.

Twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ Local history Archived 12 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Oignies town site consulted 10 Jan 09
  3. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External links[edit]