When a Greek polis chose to settle a new colony (apoikia), an individual - the oikistes (οἰκιστής)- was chosen as leader and invested with the power of selecting a settling place, directing the initial labors of the colonists and guiding the fledgling colony through its hard early years. 
- Dillon & Garland; Matthew Dillon; Lynda Garland (2010). Ancient Greece: Social and Historical Documents from Archaic Times to the Death of Alexander Routledge sourcebooks for the ancient world. Taylor & Francis. p. 50. ISBN 0-415-47330-6.
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