An oil war is a conflict about petroleum resources, or their transportation, consumption, or regulation.
The term may also refer generally to any conflict in a region that contains oil reserves or is geographically positioned in a location where an entity has or may wish to develop production or transportation infrastructure for petroleum products. It is also used to refer to any of a number of specific oil wars.
List of wars described as oil wars
- During First World War (1914-1919), certain operations were planned specifically to secure oil resources.
- Chaco War (1932–1935)
- World War II (1939–1945):
- Events leading to the attack on Pearl Harbor (1941–1945)
- The Biafran War, also known as the Nigerian Civil War (1967–1970)
- The Saddam Hussein Wars
- Conflict in the Niger Delta (2004–)
- Heglig Crisis, South Sudan–Sudan border conflict (2012)
- Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War (2015–)
- Timothy C. Winegard, The First World Oil War. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2016.
- Brogan, Patrick (1989). World Conflicts: A Comprehensive Guide to World Strife Since 1945. London: Bloomsbury.
- Iraq Sanctions: Humanitarian Implications and Options for the Future; Global Policy Forum; August 6, 2002; "The United States and the United Kingdom, who use their veto power to prolong the sanctions, bear special responsibility for the UN action. No-fly zones, periodic military attacks, and threats of regime-change block peaceful outcomes, as do vilification of Saddam Hussein, pro-sanctions propaganda, and other politicization of the crisis. Though real concerns about Iraq's security threat undoubtedly are legitimate, commercial interests, especially control over Iraq's oil resources, appear to be a driving force behind much of the policy making."
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