An oil war is a conflict about petroleum resources, or their transportation, consumption, or regulation. The term may also refer generally to any conflict in a region that contains oil reserves or is geographically positioned in a location where an entity has or may wish to develop production or transportation infrastructure for petroleum products. It is also used to refer to any of a number of specific oil wars.
List of wars described as oil wars
- During World War I (1914–1918), certain operations were planned specifically to secure oil resources.
- Chaco War (1932–1935)
- World War II (1939–1945):
- Events leading to the attack on Pearl Harbor (1941–1945)
- Biafran War, also known as the Nigerian Civil War (1967–1970)
- Saddam Hussein wars
- Conflict in the Niger Delta (2004–present)
- Heglig Crisis, South Sudan–Sudan border conflict (2012)
- Petrodollar warfare
- Petroleum politics
- Resource curse
- 1973 oil crisis
- Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict
- Territorial disputes in the South China Sea
- Timothy C. Winegard (2016). The First World Oil War. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press.
- "Oil led to Pearl Harbor". Salon. 5 December 2013.
- Brogan, Patrick (1998). World Conflicts: A Comprehensive Guide to World Strife Since 1945. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 9780810835511.
- "Iraq Sanctions: Humanitarian Implications and Options for the Future". Global Policy Forum. August 6, 2002.
The United States and the United Kingdom, who use their veto power to prolong the sanctions, bear special responsibility for the UN action. No-fly zones, periodic military attacks, and threats of regime-change block peaceful outcomes, as do vilification of Saddam Hussein, pro-sanctions propaganda, and other politicization of the crisis. Though real concerns about Iraq's security threat undoubtedly are legitimate, commercial interests, especially control over Iraq's oil resources, appear to be a driving force behind much of the policy making.
- Juhasz, Antonia (15 April 2013). "Why the war in Iraq was fought for Big Oil". CNN.