Okahandja

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Okahandja
City
Motto(s): 
Semper Prorsum
Okahandja is located in Namibia
Okahandja
Okahandja
Location in Namibia
Coordinates: 21°59′S 16°55′E / 21.983°S 16.917°E / -21.983; 16.917
Country Namibia
RegionOtjozondjupa Region
ConstituencyOkahandja constituency
Town1894
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total22,639
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
ClimateBSh

Okahandja is a city[2] of 24,100 inhabitants in Otjozondjupa Region, central Namibia, and the district capital of the Okahandja electoral constituency. It is known as the Garden Town of Namibia. It is located 70 km north of Windhoek on the B1 road. It was founded around 1800, by two local groups, the Herero and the Nama.[3]

History[edit]

Okahandja means the place where two rivers flow into each other to form one wide one in Otjiherero.[3]

A German pastor, Heinrich Schmelen, became the first European to visit the town in 1827.[4] In 1844, two missionaries were permanently assigned to the town, Heinrich Kleinschmidt and Hugo Hahn. A church dates from this period. A military post was established at the initiative of Theodor Leutwein in 1894, and it is this date that is officially recognized as the town's founding.[5]

A number of important historic Namibian people are buried in Okahandja, among them Maharero, Jan Jonker Afrikaner, Hosea Kutako and Clemens Kapuuo.

Economy[edit]

Okahandja's population is growing rapidly. It stood at just over 14,000 as measured by the 2001 Population and Housing Census, and is estimated to have surpassed 24,000 in 2012.[6][7]

Von Bach Dam is situated outside of Okahandja. It provides the majority of Windhoek's water. An open-air curio market attracts tourists, and the town serves as the administrative centre for the Herero people.

Transport[edit]

Monument to Herero Chiefs: Gravestone of Tjamuaha, Maharero, and Samuel Maharero

Okahandja Railway Station, situated on the WindhoekSwakopmund line, was built in 1902 during Imperial Germany's colonial rule of German South West Africa. Today it belongs to the Trans-Namib railway network.[8]

Education[edit]

In the 1870s Rhenish missionaries established the first school. The Augustineum School was reopened at Okahandja on 9 November 1905; it was later moved to Windhoek. Today Okahandja has six primary schools and two high schools. Namwater Vocational, situated outside the main town, is the only institute of higher education in Okahandja.

The National Institute for Educational Development (NIED) is today situated in Okahandja. NIED was created after independence as the institute from where a new national system of education was created, replacing the previous racist system of apartheid.

Previously the German school Regierungsschule Okahandja was in the city.[9]

Politics[edit]

Okahandja is governed by a municipal council that has seven seats.[10]

In the 2010 local authority election in Okahandja, SWAPO won with approximately 62% of the vote. Of the five other parties seeking votes in the election, Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP) received approximately 13% of the vote, followed by the United Democratic Front (UDF, 8%), the United People's Movement (UPM, 7%), National Unity Democratic Organization (NUDO, 6%) and Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA, 2%).[11] The 2015 local authority election was again won by SWAPO which gained five seats and 2,572 votes. One seat each went to the DTA and the UDF with 236 and 213 votes, respectively.[12]

Sport[edit]

In the 1970s, Okahandja Soccer Club had a competitive football team that won several competitions.[13]

In addition, local club Liverpool Okahandja were NFA-Cup winners in 1992 and Namibia Premier League champions in 2002.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Table 4.2.2 Urban population by Census years (2001 and 2011)" (PDF). Namibia 2011 - Population and Housing Census Main Report. Namibia Statistics Agency. p. 39. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  2. ^ "Local Authorities". Association of Local Authorities in Namibia (ALAN). Retrieved 1 October 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Okahandja, a town in Namibia". The Cardboard Box. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
  4. ^ Dierks, Klaus. "Biographies of Namibian Personalities, R-Z". Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  5. ^ Okahandja History Okahandja.net, last accessed on 4 October 2017
  6. ^ Republic of Namibia 2001 Population and Housing Census (Basic Analysis with Highlights ed.). Windhoek: Central Bureau of Statistics, National Planning Commission. July 2003. p. 21. ISBN 0-86976-614-7.
  7. ^ Paulus, Paulus (24 September 2012). "Windhoek entombed in debt". New Era. allafrica.com.
  8. ^ Dierks, Klaus. "The Development of the Namibian Railway Network. The Rail History Until the 1990s". www.klausdierks.com. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
  9. ^ "Deutscher Bundestag 4. Wahlperiode Drucksache IV/3672" (Archived 2016-03-12 at WebCite). Bundestag (West Germany). 23 June 1965. Retrieved on 12 March 2016. p. 32/51.
  10. ^ "Know Your Local Authority". Election Watch (3). Institute for Public Policy Research. 2015. p. 4.
  11. ^ Local Authority Election Results for Okahandja Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ "Local elections results". Electoral Commission of Namibia. 28 November 2015. p. 6. Archived from the original on 10 December 2015.
  13. ^ Kambaekwa, Carlos (20 August 2010). "Alcino 'Shorty' da Costa - The Portuguese dynamo". New Era.[permanent dead link]

Coordinates: 21°59′S 16°55′E / 21.983°S 16.917°E / -21.983; 16.917