Ōkami (Japanese: 大神, literally "great god", "great spirit" or "wolf" if written as 狼) is an action-adventure video game developed by Clover Studio and published by Capcom. It was released for Sony Computer Entertainment's PlayStation 2 video game console in 2006 in Japan and North America, and in 2007 in Europe and Australia. Despite the closure of Clover Studio a few months after the game's initial release, a version for Nintendo's Wii console was developed and produced by Ready at Dawn, Tose and Capcom, which was released in North America in April 2008, in Europe in June 2008, and in Japan in October 2009.
Set sometime in classical Japanese history, the game combines several Japanese myths, legends and folklore to tell the story of how the land was saved from darkness by the Shinto sun goddess, named Amaterasu, who took the form of a white wolf. It features a distinct sumi-e-inspired cel-shaded visual style and the Celestial Brush, a gesture-system to perform miracles.
Ōkami was one of the last PlayStation 2 games selected for release prior to the release of the PlayStation 3. Although it suffered from poor sales, the game received critical acclaim, earning the title of IGN's 2006 Game of the Year. Mainstream adoption of the game has improved with age, and Ōkami is now considered to be one of the best video games ever made, as well as a prime example of artistic expression in video games.
The Wii version has earned similar praise, though the motion control scheme has received mixed reviews. A high-definition port of the game was released on the PlayStation 3 via the PlayStation Network in October 2012 and for retail in Japan in November 2012, supporting the use of the PlayStation Move motion controller. A sequel on the Nintendo DS titled Ōkamiden was released in Japan in September 2010, followed by North America and Europe in March 2011.
The game has the player controlling the main character, Amaterasu, in a woodcut, watercolor style, cel-shaded environment, which looks like an animated Japanese ink-illustration (known as ink wash painting, sumi-e) with other styles of art. The gameplay style is a mix of action, platform, and puzzle gaming genres, and has been noted by many reviewers to have numerous similarities in overall gameplay style to The Legend of Zelda series, an inspiration that director Hideki Kamiya, a self-proclaimed Zelda-fan, has admitted has influenced his general game design. The main story is primarily linear, directed through by Amaterasu's guide Issun, though numerous side quests and optional activities allow for players to explore the game world and take the story at their own pace. By completing quests, side quests and small additional activities (such as making trees bloom into life or feeding wild animals), Amaterasu earns Praise, which can then be spent to increase various statistics of the character, such as the amount of health and number of ink wells for Celestial Brush techniques.
Combat is staged in a ghostly virtual arena, and Amaterasu can fight enemies using a combination of weapons, fighting techniques and Brush methods to dispatch the foes. At the end of combat, money (as yen) is rewarded to Amaterasu, with bonuses for completing a battle quickly and without taking damage. The money can be spent on numerous items from merchants across the land, including healing goods, better weapons, tools and key items for completing quests. The money can also be used to buy new combat techniques at dojos throughout the land.
Additionally, rare Demon Fangs can be earned through combat which can be traded for additional, unique items that are beneficial in gameplay but not required to complete the game. Weapons inspired by the Imperial Regalia of Japan (the Reflector, the Rosaries and the Glaive) can be equipped on Amaterasu as either main or sub-weapons (one each), and used in addition to other melee attacks that the player can have Amaterasu learn through the course of the game.
Unique to Ōkami is the Celestial Brush. Players can bring the game to a pause and call up a canvas, where the player can draw onto the screen, either using the left analog stick on the DualShock controller, or pointing with the Wii Remote or PlayStation Move controller in subsequent remakes. This feature is used in combat, puzzles and as general gameplay. For example, the player can create strong wind by drawing a loop, cut enemies by drawing a line through them or fix bridges by painting on the broken one, amongst many other abilities. These techniques are learned through the course of the game by completing constellations to release the Celestial Brush gods (inspired by the Chinese zodiac) from their hiding spots. It is also possible to upgrade or modify certain Brush powers later in the game; for example, the Celestial Brush power "Inferno" can gain a new power called "Fireburst", which has a different drawing pattern, and allows players to create flames without relying on torches or other related items. The player's ink for drawing is limited by the amount available in special ink wells, preventing the player from solely using Brush techniques to defeat enemies; ink is restored in the wells over time when the Brush is not used.
(Please note that most character names below are the shortened names of the U.S. version.)
The player controls Ōkami Amaterasu, the goddess of the sun, in the form of a white wolf. Amaterasu is referred to in the Japanese and European version of the game as a female, while in the North American version she was genderless although she is referred as the "mother of all". While Amaterasu, when endowed with ink power, is seen by the player with red markings, cloud-like fur on her shoulders, and weapons on her back, most of the human characters in the game only see her as a plain white wolf; some believe Amaterasu to be the reincarnation of Shiranui (the white wolf that fought Orochi 100 years prior to the game's present), and do not recognize her spiritual nature. If the player depletes their power by overuse of the celestial brush, Amaterasu will temporarily revert to this mundane white form. Issun, an arrogant, inch-tall "wandering artist" seeking out the thirteen Celestial Brush techniques for himself, accompanies Amaterasu (whom he calls "Ammy" or "furball"), and serves as a guide, dialogue proxy and as comic relief. He grows in character along with Ammy throughout the game, becoming her true friend, inspiration and eventually her savior.
At the end of the game, Amaterasu encounters Yami, the main antagonist and final boss of the game who resembles a small fish inside a huge sphere, whose design is altered through the different stages of the battle. Yami is also the ruler of the demons. Before battle, he drains Amaterasu of her powers and leaves her as a plain white wolf. Amaterasu regains her powers throughout the fight, but, after the fourth round, Yami destroys them all again and leaves Amaterasu in a near-dead state. However, when Issun gets everyone to believe in Amaterasu before the fifth and final round, she changes into her most powerful form and battles Yami, vanquishing him forever. In the final battle, Yami also has a huge clawed hand, which demonstrates the evil which comes from humans' hands. The word "Yami" means "darkness" in Japanese.
Two other characters also reappear several times within the quest. Waka appears to Amaterasu several times in the game as a beautiful young flute-playing man in costume resembling a tengu (more precisely, a tengu dressed like a yamabushi, which is a frequent tengu appearance). He is aware of the goddess's true identity and foretells her future and at times battles with her. He leads the Tao Troopers whose members Abe and Kamo are based on the two famous onmyōji Abe no Seimei and Kamo no Yasunori. Waka's dialogue, dropping French affectionate terms at times, conveys a sense of familiarity with Amaterasu, as it turns out that Waka is much older than he appears and has walked with Amaterasu on the Celestial Plain hundreds of years ago. The other is Orochi, the eight-headed demon and a major villain within the game which the player will encounter several times. Orochi repeatedly has threatened Kamiki village, demanding a sacrifice of a young woman. Each of its eight heads is infused with a different elemental magic power, but the entire demon is susceptible to a special brew of sake available only at Kamiki Village, allowing Amaterasu to defeat it while in its stupor. Amaterasu trusts Queen Himiko, the ruler of "Sei-an City", who is killed by one of the demons.
Throughout the game, the player encounters several other characters that are inspired from Japanese folklore.
The game is set in a Nippon (Japan) based on Japanese folklore and begins in one hundred years in the past. The narrator describes how the white wolf Shiranui and swordsman Nagi fought and sealed the eight-headed demon Orochi at the cave, to save Kamiki Village and Nagi's beloved maiden Nami.
In the game's present, Nagi's descendant and self-proclaimed greatest warrior, Susano, refuses to believe in Nagi's legend and frees Orochi, who escapes and curses the lands, sapping the life from Nippon. Sakuya, the wood sprite and guardian of Kamiki Village, calls forth Amaterasu, the sun goddess, known to the villagers as the reincarnation of the white wolf Shiranui, and asks her to remove the curse that covers the land. Accompanied by the artist Issun (an inch-high creature known as a Poncle), Amaterasu restores the land to its normal state.
Throughout her journey, Amaterasu confronts Waka, a handsome and strange but powerful individual who seems to have the gift of foresight and further teases Amaterasu and Issun to his own mysterious ends. Additionally, Amaterasu locates several Celestial Gods hidden in the constellations, who bestow upon her their powers of the Celestial Brush to aid in her quest.
After Amaterasu and Susano defeat Orochi to save Kushi and recreate the past events, Orochi's spirit floats northward. Amaterasu and Issun embark on a journey across Nippon, befriending many people along the way for good deeds, and removing Orochi's curse from the land through defeating other demons that release similar dark presences, all of which float northward.
Traveling to find the source of the demons, Amaterasu discovers the wreckage of a flying ship: the "Ark of Yamato", trapped in the frozen plains of Kamui. Waka appears and reveals himself to be a member of the Moon Tribe, a long-living race who used the Ark to sail and escape from the Celestial Plain that Orochi invaded. The demons attacked and killed the rest of all Celestials, before the Ark crashes to earth. After defeating all of the demons again at the Ark, Amaterasu confronts Yami, who drains her power and nearly destroys the Celestial Gods. However, as the Celestial Envoy, Issun encourages all those they have helped to send their thoughts and prayers to Amaterasu, who regains her powers and defeats Yami, ridding Nippon of all of the demons. Amaterasu and Waka take control on the Ark and sail back to the Celestial Plain.
Ōkami resulted from the combined ideas of Clover Studio. The game was originally built around "depict[ing] a lot of nature", but had no central concept or theme, according to lead designer Hideki Kamiya. Kamiya eventually created a minute-long demonstration movie showing a wolf running about a forest, with flowers blossoming in its wake, but still lacked any gameplay. Kamiya and other members of the team introduced ideas around the nature aspect and eventually led to the game's initial prototype, which Kamiya admitted was "incredibly boring to play". Kamiya suggested that he allowed so many ideas from the team that resulted in the development moving off-target, including creating more of a simulation. Eventually, they settled onto the gameplay found in the final product.
The art in Ōkami is highly inspired by Japanese watercolor and wood carving art of the Ukiyo-e style, such as the work of Hokusai. Ōkami was originally planned to be rendered in a more photorealistic 3D style. However, Clover Studio determined that the more colorful sumi-e style allowed them to better convey Amaterasu's association with nature and the task of restoring it. The change was also influenced by limitations in the PS2 hardware to render the photorealistic 3D graphics. As a result of the switch to the watercolor style, the idea of the Celestial Brush came about. Atsushi Inaba, CEO of Clover, noted that "Once we fixed ourselves on a graphical style and got down to the brushwork, we thought 'Wouldn't it be great if we could somehow get the player involved and participate in this artwork instead of just watching it?' That's how the idea of the Celestial Brush was born". Original concepts for enemies included the use of dinosaurs, but the designs settled onto more demon-like characters.
Amaterasu's initial designs were aimed to avoid having the character look like "your pet wearing clothing". The developers had considered having Amaterasu change into a dolphin when in the water and a falcon when jumping off a cliff, but dropped these ideas. Sakuya, designed around a peach motif, was envisioned with what were called "level 2" and "level 3" designs where the character would wear less clothing as the story progressed, but the "level 3" appearance, effectively naked, was vetoed by Inaba. Waka's character was aimed to be a Tatsunoko-like character, with the hood designed to be reminiscent of those worn by the Gatchaman. Orochi in Japanese mythology is a gigantic creature, so lead character designer Takeyasu Sawaki designed the back of the demon to include a garden and palace; this inspired the game designers to include a bell in those structures that would be Orochi's fatal weakness in the game.
The localization team had to translate 1500 pages of text to make sure it made sense in a "native check", because of lack of plurals in the Japanese language and the large number of characters and conditional conversations that the player could interact with. The team recognized that certain elements of the game would not be recognized by Western audiences, but left enough text and details to allow the players to look up the information for themselves. Only one puzzle in the game had to be changed as it required knowledge of the steps in drawing a kanji character which would be readily known for Japanese audiences; for the Western release, these steps were demonstrated in the game. The team noted that personalities of characters could be easily conveyed in Japanese text simply by the way sentences were constructed or slurred, a feature that could not directly be applied to localization. Instead, working with Kamiya, the team scripted the localization to either recreate the personality to match the Japanese version, or to create a whole new set of mannerisms for the characters as appropriate.
Ōkami was shown at the 2005 E3 Convention, approximately 30% complete, with a planned release in 2006. At this point, the game had much of the core gameplay, including the Celestial Brush and the combat system in place. The game was released a year later in 2006. However, just a few weeks following its release in North America to strong critical reception, Capcom announced the closure of Clover Studio.
Naming and allusions
The title of the game is a pun; the word ōkami (狼) in Japanese means "wolf". However, the kanji characters used as the title of this game (大神), pronounced identically, mean "great deity", so the main character is a great wolf deity. The same characters (大神) are also used to write the full name of the sun goddess Amaterasu-ōmikami. The localization team opted to use shorter versions of Japanese names (for example, a boy named "Mushikai" was localized as "Mushi") instead of replacing the names with Western-style ones. Issun's informal name for Amaterasu in the Western translation, "Ammy", was inspired by Kamiya, and is similar in tone with the Japanese informal name, "Ammako".
Throughout the game, Ōkami includes several references (in visual effects, animation, or dialogue) to other Capcom titles such as Viewtiful Joe, which Clover Studios also developed. For example, Mrs. Orange's technique for making cherry cake parodies Street Fighter's Akuma's Shun Goku Satsu, complete with a kanji word displayed on screen with her back-facing the screen.
|Ōkami Original Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by Masami Ueda, Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Rei Kondoh, and Akari Groves|
|Released||31 May 2006|
The music in Ōkami was inspired by classical Japanese works. The final song, played over the credit sequence, "Reset", is sung by Ayaka Hirahara. In May 2006, Capcom released an official 5-disc soundtrack for Ōkami in Japan. In the North American and European release, the player can unlock a jukebox to hear the in-game music upon completion of the game. Ōkami won the best score award at the 2007 BAFTA Video Games Awards.
Suleputer has also published another album, a piano arrangement, entitled Ōkami Piano Arrange. It was released on 30 March 2007. Mika Matsura both arranged the 10 songs, and performed it on the piano.
The characters' speech in the game is actually created by scrambling samples of voice actors' speech, with more emotional lines being created from voice work given in that emotion.
The gameplay function of "drawing" or "painting" strokes on the screen led several journalists and gamers alike to believe that Ōkami would be well-suited for the Nintendo DS or Wii, both of which feature controls capable of creating drawing motions freely. After the game's release, industry rumors of the game being ported to either console persisted, despite Atsushi Inaba of Clover Studio feeling that Ōkami's action-based gameplay would not translate well to the console and statements from Capcom that there were "no plans for Ōkami on Wii".
However, at the 2007 UK Gamers Day, Capcom announced that Ready at Dawn would oversee porting and development of a Wii version of Ōkami originally scheduled for release in March 2008 but subsequently pushed back to April 2008. Christian Svensson, Capcom's Vice-President of Strategic Planning and Business Development, stated that Capcom had received numerous requests from fans for the development of the Wii version, and that the ported game "specifically exists because of that direct communication, especially those we receive on our message boards (even if they're sometimes mean to us)." Ready at Dawn president Didier Malenfant has stated that, aside from the control scheme, the Wii version will be "an exact port of the PS2 version." The lack of enhancements for the game caused several complaints from gamers, which Svensson addressed, stating that
|“||...we're getting the game up and running first. The game is enormous. If after we have every thing working correctly, cleanly and as desired so as not to "break" the amazing experience that is Ōkami, we will worry about potential enhancements. As we are NOT at that point in the process yet, we are loathe [sic] to even mention any potential changes or enhancements for fear of disappointing the fans/media.||”|
Svensson reported that the original game assets given to them from Capcom Japan were incomplete, and even after requesting old hard drives and computers to recover more assets, Ready at Dawn was still required to recreate some from scratch. Furthermore, the game had to be recoded to change optimizations that were made for the PlayStation 2 version; Svensson stated that "part of the reason we didn't show it until we started showing it was because, if we showed it in a form that was anything less than near-perfect, people were going to freak out". Ready at Dawn's creative director Ru Weerasuriya later reflected that porting Ōkami to the Wii was a challenging task—"we started with no assets and literally reverse-engineered the whole thing back onto the Wii"—they did out of love for the game, but the level of effort would preclude them from attempting such a port again.
In November 2007, Svensson noted that the engine had been ported to the Wii, writing that "There are still several systems getting set up properly but there's most definitely a Wii-driven Amaterasu running around Wii-rendered environments as we speak." A listing posted at Capcom's website for the game on 15 February 2008 revealed that the Wii version would support 480p and widescreen output, and IGN confirmed that the motion sensing of the Wii Remote would be used to perform the Celestial Brush features within the game. IGN's hands-on also cited small changes to the game such as additional motion-sensing controls using both the Wii Remote and Nunchuck attachment, and the ability to skip cutscenes, but reported no other changes in content of the game.
Svennson noted that Capcom would not use television advertising for Ōkami on the Wii, but would use online marketing, including art contests and a new website with "all sorts of things for fans to use to make stuff". This site was made live on 3 April 2008, featuring wallpapers, character artwork and fan-created art for the game. Svennson further noted that "If [Ōkami for the Wii] did the numbers that we did on the PS2, I'd be very happy. This doesn't need to be a mainstream success for this to be a success for the company."
A "paper parchment" filter applied to all on-screen elements that was readily apparent in the PlayStation 2 version was still included in the Wii port, but the effect was made much less significant. To help with drawing with the Celestial Brush, two different buttons on the Wii controllers were given brush functionality; one button was assigned to provide free-form strokes, while the other was set to draw a straight line from the starting point.
The final credits movie that was in the PlayStation 2 version of the game was removed from the Wii version, much to Kamiya's regret as it removed the omoi—"a combination of thoughts, emotions, and messages" — from the game: "[The staff roll was] the omoi of everyone who worked on the project, put together in a moment of bliss held out just for those who completed the journey. It was a special staff roll for a special moment. And now it is gone. All of it. ...It's incredibly disappointing and sad." A Capcom representative stated that the credits, a pre-rendered movie, had the Clover Studio logo within it, and they had "no legal right to use the Clover logo in a game they were not involved with directly". Since they also lacked the source to the credits, they opted to remove them entirely from the game. Ready at Dawn's co-founder Didier Malenfant also claimed that the Wii version of Ōkami took up much more space on the game media than the PlayStation 2 version, and that the movie was cut in order to fit everything on a single game disk, however despite these claims, the credit sequence was restored in the Japanese release of the Wii version and revealed that the port was co-developed by Tose, having provided additional planners, designers, programmers and test players. The images from the credits, although not the credits themselves, are still available as unlockable art.
Players have discovered that the cover of the North American Wii version of Ōkami includes a watermark from IGN, and traced the source to an image taken from IGN's site. To make up for the error, Capcom offered for a limited time to replace the cover with one of three high-resolution covers free of charge to users in North America. Because of delays in fulfilling the offer, Capcom shipped copies of all three covers to those that registered. They have since discontinued the offer, but have made the cover images available worldwide in high-quality PDF files for users to download and print themselves. The European PAL version of the cover has no such error.
In June 2012, Capcom announced that a high-definition remastering of the game, Ōkami HD (Ōkami Zekkei-ban; roughly translated, Ōkami Magnificent Version), would be released worldwide for PlayStation 3 in October 2012; a retail product was released in Japan, while the game is available for download through the PlayStation Network in Europe and North America only. The decision boggled players, considering that the HD Japanese version of the physical copy of the game also came with the English, French and German languages respectively. The remastered edition supports the PlayStation Move peripheral, and Trophy support has been added. While the remastered edition used the ending credits sequence of the original PS2 release, the ending song, "Reset", was replaced by an instrumental theme. The remastering was done between Capcom and HexaDrive, who had previously worked on the high-definition remastering of Rez.
Sales of Ōkami were considered somewhat poor for justifying a sequel; in July 2009, in response to users' questions on the possibility of a sequel, Svensson stated that "I think we need a lot more people buying the current version before we seriously consider a sequel". However, after the appearance of a Japanese trademark by Capcom on the word "Ōkamiden" a few months before the Wii version of Ōkami in Japan, many speculated that a sequel was pending. The September 2009 issue of Famitsu announced that Ōkamiden was indeed a sequel to Ōkami for the Nintendo DS, to be released by Capcom in Japan in 2010, though without the input of the Clover staff. The game takes place nine months after the end of Ōkami, with the player in control of Chibiterasu, a wolf puppy with the same powers as Amaterasu, but not yet at his full potential, and features the same style of gameplay, including the Celestial Brush using the DS' touchscreen controls.
At the Electronic Entertainment Expo 2016 during an interview with Metro, Kamiya, now at PlatinumGames, stated that he had ideas for Ōkami 2 and Bayonetta 3, though did not confirm if either game was in active development.
Ōkami received critical acclaim, with a score of 92.65% on GameRankings, making it the eighth highest overall game of 2006 and second for the PlayStation 2, behind Konami's Metal Gear Solid 3: Subsistence.
GameSpot gave it a 9 out of 10 and selected it as an Editor's Choice, citing that its "visual design instantly stands out, but it turns out to be just one of many inspired aspects of this impressive action adventure game." IGN gave the game a 9.1 out of 10, as being "beautiful, charismatic, engaging and one of the most original games you'll play anytime soon." Electronic Gaming Monthly's three reviewers gave it a 9, 9.5, and 9 out of ten, one saying: "I'll be surprised if you can find a better game on any system this fall." Newtype USA named Ōkami its Game of the Month for October 2006, heralded the pacing as "nearly flawless" and proclaimed "Ōkami is that rarest of beasts: a game without any obvious flaws. Clover's creativity and attention to detail are on full display here. Shame on any gamer who passes up this divine adventure." Eurogamer scored the game 10/10 saying "Right from the start it conjures an atmosphere of being something special, but to keep that level of quality up consistently over 60 hours ensures that this will be a game that will be talked about for years to come". In 2007, Ōkami was named eighteenth best PlayStation 2 game of all time in IGN's feature reflecting on the PlayStation 2's long lifespan. Famitsu gave the game a near perfect score of 39 out of 40, the 15th game to date to receive this score from the publication.
However, the game was noted to have some flaws. The game was criticized for its uneven difficulty. Reviewers have also noted some difficulty in getting the game to recognize the correct Celestial Brush patterns, as well as excessive amounts of dialog, particularly at the introduction, which was also hampered by the computer-generated voices used instead of voice acting.
The Wii version of Ōkami has received generally similar praise to the PlayStation 2 version, with GameSpot stating that the support for widescreen and the Wii controls "make it even more relevant today than it was in 2006". The use of the Wii Remote for the Celestial Brush was well received; in GameSpot's review, they noted that the Wii functionality with the Brush "improves the pace of the game". However, other aspects to the controls were found to be weaker, particularly in combat. In their review, Nintendo Power recommended the PlayStation 2 version of the game over the Wii, stating that "Though you can overcome the drawing and attacking issues with practice (and by sticking to whip-style weapons), it's a hurdle you shouldn't have to leap." The Wii version was given the Game of the Month award from IGN for April 2008. It was a nominee for multiple awards from IGN in its 2008 video game awards, including Best Artistic Design and Best Use of the Wii-Mote.
The high-definition release on the PlayStation 3 was praised for being the "definitive" version of the game, with the rendering in 1080p helping to make the graphics style of the game stand out. Cam Shae of IGN did express some disappointment that the PlayStation 3 version did not attempt to address the "pop up" of far-off objects due to draw distance, a limitation of the PlayStation 2 version. Oli Welsh of Eurogamer considered that the game remains as relevant as it was when it was first released in 2006, being one of the few video games of the Zelda style.
Ōkami's initial showing at the 2005 E3 Convention garnered severals awards and recognition, including 1UP's "Best PS2 Game", "Best Game of Show" (second place), and "Best Action Game" (third place); IGN's "Best PS2 Game of Show", and runner-up for "Best of Show" and "Most Innovative Design"; and X-Play's "Most Original Game". GameSpy recognized it as the fifth best game showing for the convention.
Upon release, Ōkami appeared as the "Game of the Month" for IGN, Electronic Gaming Monthly, and Game Informer. IGN, Edge Magazine and Game Revolution rated it as the best overall game of 2006, while GameTrailers and Official PlayStation Magazine, named it best PS2 game for 2006. IGN further awarded the game the "Best Overall" and "PS2 Adventure Game", the "Best Overall" and "PS2 Artistic Design", the "Overall" and "PS2 Most Innovative Design", and the "Best Overall Story". GameSpot awarded the game for the "Best Artistic Graphics" for 2006. IGN named Ōkami the 19th top game of all time in a 2007 list. In 2010, GamePro ranked it as the fifth best game for the PlayStation 2.
Ōkami has also won awards from outside the mainstream gaming press. The game earned the "Best Character Design" and only one of three Innovation Awards at the 2007 Game Developers Choice Awards. Ōkami won the Grand Prize in the Entertainment Division of the 2006 Japan Media Arts Festival. On 13 August 2007. It was also awarded the best "Animation in a Game Engine", "Art Direction in a Game Engine", "Outstanding Original Adventure Game", and "Game of the Year" in the 2006 awards by the National Academy of Video Game Testers and Reviewers (NAVIGaTR). Ōkami was given an "Award for Excellence" from the Japanese Computer Entertainment Supplier’s Association (CESA) at the Japan Game Awards 2007 and was later given 2009 CESA Developers Conference (CEDEC) award for "Visual Arts". The game was awarded the "Best Anthropomorphic Video Game" in the 2006 Ursa Major awards. It also won the 2007 BAFTA awards for "Artistic Achievement" and "Original Score".
Ōkami sold 200,000 copies in North America in 2006, grossing approximately US$8 million and ranking as the 100th best selling game of the year in the region. By March 2007, the total sales of the PlayStation 2 version were near 270,000. By comparison, Ōkami sold 66,000 copies in Japan for 2006. While it was initially thought that poor sales of Ōkami and God Hand (another Clover title released in the same time frame) were the cause of the closure of Clover Studio, it was later revealed that three key developers within Capcom and Clover Studios, Shinji Mikami (Resident Evil series), Hideki Kamiya (Devil May Cry series), and Inaba, had left the company, and the studio was dissolved, such that "now all the resources should be used more effectively and more efficiently since they are centralized." Inaba, Mikami, and Kamiya went on to form the video game development company "Seeds Inc", later merging with a company called "ODD" to become "PlatinumGames".
On 30 July 2008, Capcom revealed that the Wii version of Ōkami had sold approximately 280,000 copies in North America and Europe since its release date. The Wii version debuted in Japan with a modest 24,000 copies sold in its first week in the region. It was the sixth-bestselling game in Japan on 23 October 2009. Total sales for the game remained under 600,000 total units by March 2009, and was named the "least commercially successful winner of a game of the year award" in the 2010 version of the Guinness World Records Gamer's Edition.
Ben Mattes, producer for the 2008 Prince of Persia video game, cited Ōkami as well as Ico and Shadow of the Colossus as influences on the gameplay and artwork for the game. Capcom's Street Fighter IV is also stated to have character designs influenced by Ōkami with hand-drawn images and brushstroke-like effects. The Disney video game, Epic Mickey, uses similar drawing aspects as Ōkami, allowing the player to draw and modify parts of levels to proceed. The final boss, Yami, appears as the main antagonist and final boss in the crossover fighting game, Tatsunoko vs. Capcom: Ultimate All-Stars. Amaterasu appears as a playable character in Marvel vs. Capcom 3: Fate of Two Worlds and Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3. After Clover's dissolution and most of its staff's subsequent reformation as PlatinumGames, one of their next games, Bayonetta, contains several references to Ōkami; the most notable of these is when the title character transforms into a panther and, like Amaterasu, a trail of flowers and plant life follows her. For the 2010 San Diego Comic Con, Capcom raffled a limited run of T-shirts designed by Gerald de Jesus and iam8bit that placed Amaterasu, Shiranui, and Chibiterasu (from Ōkamiden) into a homage to the Three Wolf Moon t-shirt.
In 2009, GamesRadar included Okami among the games "with untapped franchise potential", commenting: "Seriously, if Nintendo can make the same Zelda game every few years, then why can't Capcom release Ōkami 2?". In 2015, Amaterasu was featured in Archie Comics' Worlds Unite crossover between its Sonic the Hedgehog comic lines and Mega Man series. An Ōkami costume was included in Monster Hunter Generations.
- Kolan, Patrick (12 November 2006). "Capcom Splits From THQ in Australia". IGN. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
- Clover Studio Co., Ltd.; Ready at Dawn Studios LLC; Tose Co., Ltd. (15 October 2009). Ōkami (in Japanese). Wii. Capcom Co., Ltd. Scene: staff credits.
- "Ōkami (PS2)". GameSpy. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
- Gantayat, Anoop (December 5, 2005). "Ōkami Dated in Japan". IGN PS2. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
- "Gamesheet for Ōkami". Capcom Europe. Archived from the original on June 17, 2008. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
- Jastrzab, Jeremy (November 26, 2006). "Updated Australian release list, 27/11/06". PalGN.com.au. Retrieved August 9, 2007.
- Capone, Anthony (June 8, 2008). "This Week's Releases – 9/6/08". PalGN. Retrieved June 8, 2008.
- Magrino, Tom (March 3, 2008). "Wii Okami bumped to 15 April". GameSpot. Retrieved March 3, 2008.
- Bradwell, Tom (29 April 2008). "Ōkami Wii gets Euro date". Eurogamer. Retrieved 30 April 2008.
- Gantayat, Anoop (7 August 2009). "Wii Okami Gets a Bonus Soundtrack". andriasang.com. Retrieved 11 August 2009.
- Reilly, Jim (19 June 2012). "Okami HD Coming To PS3 In Japan". Game Informer. Retrieved 2012-06-19.
- Matulef, Jeffrey (September 20, 2012). "Okami HD slated for Halloween release". Eurogamer. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
- Jane Pickard (16 September 2005). "Previews: Ōkami". Retrieved 18 October 2007.
- Totilo, Stephen (10 October 2006). "GameFile: 'Ōkami' Goes Green; Official Wii Word; 'Idol' Launch And More". MTV. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
- Mielke, James (18 August 2006). "The Kamiya Touch: An Interview with Clover's Hideki Kamiya". 1up. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
- Capcom Entertainment, Inc., ed. (2006). Ōkami instruction manual. Capcom. pp. 13–14.
- Capcom Entertainment, Inc., ed. (2006). Ōkami instruction manual. Capcom. pp. 25–26.
- Capcom Entertainment, Inc., ed. (2006). Ōkami instruction manual. Capcom. pp. 19–20.
- Capcom Entertainment, Inc., ed. (2006). Ōkami instruction manual. Capcom. p. 30.
- Capcom Entertainment, Inc., ed. (2006). Ōkami instruction manual. Capcom. p. 31.
- "The Weapons of Ōkami". IGN PS2. IGN Entertainment. 11 August 2006. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
- Capcom Entertainment, Inc., ed. (2006). Ōkami instruction manual. Capcom. p. 22.
- "Hands-on Ōkami". IGN Wii. IGN Entertainment. 15 February 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2008.
- Capcom Entertainment, Inc., ed. (2006). Ōkami instruction manual. Capcom. pp. 16–18.
- Roper, Chris (16 September 2006). "Ōkami Review". IGN PS2. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- Capcom Entertainment, Inc., ed. (2006). Ōkami instruction manual. Capcom. p. 6.
- Mielke, James (17 August 2006). "The Wolf Whisperer". 1UP.com. Retrieved 22 April 2008.
- Shea, Cam (13 February 2007). "Ōkami AU Review". IGN PS2. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 11 August 2007.
- Smith, Steve (27 February 2007). "Ōkami – Review". Play.tm. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
- Capcom Entertainment, Inc., ed. (2006). Ōkami instruction manual. Capcom. pp. 34–35.
- ahojed (21 May 2007). "Ōkami Story Guide". GameFAQs. Retrieved 11 August 2007.
- McGarvey, Sterling (23 February 2006). "Running with the Wolves: Atsushi Inaba talks Ōkami". Gamespy. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- Grifford, Kevin (4 November 2009). "Platinum Games' Kamiya Reflects on Bayonetta, Okami". 1UP.com. Retrieved 5 November 2009.
- "Ōkami old/new comparison". Gamevideos.com. 14 August 2006. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- Mielke, James (16 August 2006). "All the King's Men". 1up. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- Shea, Cam (30 January 2007). "Okami Interview AU". IGN PS2. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- Ōkami: Official Complete Works. Udon. 2008. pp. 158–159. ISBN 978-1-897376-02-7.
- Ōkami: Official Complete Works. Udon. 2008. p. 109. ISBN 978-1-897376-02-7.
- Ōkami: Official Complete Works. Udon. 2008. p. 112. ISBN 978-1-897376-02-7.
- Ōkami: Official Complete Works. Udon. 2008. p. 115. ISBN 978-1-897376-02-7.
- Ōkami: Official Complete Works. Udon. 2008. p. 123. ISBN 978-1-897376-02-7.
- Ōkami: Official Complete Works. Udon. 2008. p. 174. ISBN 978-1-897376-02-7.
- Kasavin, Greg (19 May 2005). "Ōkami E3 2005 Hands-On". Gamespot. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- Boyes, Emma (12 October 2006). "Capcom to dissolve Clover Studio". Gamespot. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "ŌKAMI: OFFICIAL COMPLETE WORKS". Udon. Retrieved 3 April 2008.
- Ōkami: Official Complete Works. Udon. 2008. ISBN 978-1-897376-02-7.
- Spenser (7 August 2008). "Ōkami, Odin Sphere and Disgaea joining PS2 Greatest Hits?". Siliconera. Retrieved 8 August 2008.
- Bishop, Lawrence (15 February 2007). "Ōkami". Idle Thumbs. Archived from the original on 28 February 2007. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "Okami Original Soundtrack". Square Haven. 31 May 2005. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
- Wales, Matt (24 October 2007). "BAFTA Video Games Awards Winners Revealed". IGN. Retrieved 9 June 2009.
- Ashcraft, Brian (14 March 2007). "Ōkami the Music CD". Kotaku. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
- Good, Owen (20 April 2008). "IGN Watermark in Ōkami Cover Art". Kotaku. Archived from the original on 29 April 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
- Kennedy, Sam (13 October 2006). "Clover Studio's Final Interview?". 1up. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- Burman, Rob (13 February 2007). "Ōkami Leaping Onto Wii?". IGN Wii. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "Okami For Wii – Confirmed". SPOnG. 18 October 2007. Retrieved 18 October 2007.
- Bramwell, Tom (18 October 2007). "Ōkami confirmed for Wii". Eurogamer. Retrieved 18 October 2007.
- "Ōkami for the Wii. It's true.". Ready At Dawn Studios. 18 October 2007. Retrieved 18 October 2007.
- Casamassina, Matt (20 March 2008). "Ōkami's Second Chance". IGN Wii. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 26 March 2008.
- "Bringing Back the Wolf (or How Ōkami Wii Came to Be)". Capcom USA. 15 November 2007. Retrieved 16 November 2007.
- IGN UK Staff (19 October 2007). "Ōkami Wii Interview". IGN Wii. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 19 October 2007.
- Plunkett, Luke (24 October 2007). "Capcom Exec Defends Ōkami On Wii, Hints At Enhancements". Kotaku. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
- Cullen, Johnny (26 October 2010). "Building or porting a Wii game "not something we would do again", says Ready at Dawn". VG247. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- Rosado, Kris (15 February 2008). "Ōkami for Wii to support 480p and widescreens". Gaming Target. Retrieved 15 February 2008.
- Linde, Aaron (3 April 2008). "Capcom Releases Metric Ton of Ōkami Artwork". Shacknews. Retrieved 3 April 2008.
- Casamassina, Matt (11 April 2008). "Okami Review". IGN Wii. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 12 April 2008.
- VanOrd, Kevin (15 April 2008). "Wii Ōkami Review". Gamespot. Retrieved 16 April 2008.
- "Ōkami – PS2/Wii Comparison". GameTrailers. 17 April 2008. Retrieved 17 April 2008.
- Manual, Rob (15 April 2008). "Okami". G4TV. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
- Remo, Chris (1 May 2008). "Platinum's Kamiya Voices Concern Over Missing Ōkami Credits". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2 May 2008.
- Purchese, Rob (2 May 2008). "Clover removed from Ōkami Wii credits". Eurogamer. Retrieved 4 May 2008.
- "Okami" (in Japanese). Capcom. Archived from the original on 5 January 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2009.
- Sapieha, Chad (24 April 2008). "Capcom acknowledges Ōkami cover kafuffle, makes good". Globe and Mail. Canada. Retrieved 25 April 2008.
- Colin (23 April 2008). "Ōkami box art: now with 100% less IGN watermarks". Capcom. Retrieved 24 April 2008.
- Colin (22 August 2008). "Ōkami Wii special covers – Final Update!". Capcom. Retrieved 25 August 2008.
- "Cover Artwork Redemption". Capcom. Retrieved 25 August 2008.
- "Okami Alt Cover 1" (PDF). Capcom. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
- "Okami Alt Cover 2" (PDF). Capcom. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
- Mutalef, Jeffrey (19 June 2012). "Okami HD coming to PlayStation 3 this Autumn". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2012-06-19.
- Kietzmann, Ludwig (25 June 2012). "Okami HD developed by Capcom and Hexa Drive". Joystiq. Retrieved 2012-06-25.
- Bramwell, Tom (29 July 2008). "Ōkami needs to sell or no sequel". Eurogamer. Retrieved 29 July 2008.
- Constantine, John (25 August 2009). "'Okami 2' Rumored, Mysterious Trademark Discovered". MTV. Retrieved 25 August 2009.
- Ashcroft, Brian (1 September 2009). "New Okami Is Coming To The Nintendo DS". Kotaku. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
- Tanaka, John (1 September 2009). "Okami Set for DS". IGN. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
- "Hideki Kamiya hints at Okami 2 and Bayonetta 3". Metro. 17 June 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Ōkami for PlayStation 2". GameRankings. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "Ōkami HD for PlayStation 3". GameRankings. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
- "Ōkami for Wii". GameRankings. Retrieved 15 April 2008.
- "Ōkami for PlayStation 2 Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "Okami HD for PlayStation 3 Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- "Ōkami for Wii Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 12 April 2008.
- Pfister, Andrew (19 September 2006). "Ōkami Review for PS2". 1UP.com. Retrieved 15 April 2008.
- Suttner, Nick (14 April 2008). "Ōkami Review for Wii". 1UP.com. Retrieved 15 April 2008.
- Reed, Kristan (9 February 2007). "Ōkami Review". Eurogamer. Retrieved 16 February 2008.
- MacDonald, Keza (8 May 2008). "Ōkami Review". Eurogamer. Retrieved 19 May 2008.
- Welch, Oli (31 October 2012). "Okami HD Review". Eurogamer. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- Helgeson, Matt (October 2006). "Okami Review". Game Informer. pp. 90–115.
- Helgeson, Matt (May 2008). "Okami Review". Game Informer. pp. 78–99.
- Kasavin, Greg (16 July 2006). "Ōkami Review". Gamespot. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- Shae, Cam (30 October 2012). "Okami HD Review". IGN. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- "Okami". Nintendo Power. May 2008. p. 88.
- Meikleham, David (2 November 2012). "Okami HD Review". officialplaystationmagazine.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
- MacDonald, Mark (2006). "Reviews: Okami – Refusing to paint by numbers". 1up.com. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- Turner, Benjamin (1 October 2006). "Newtype USA / Reviews / Ōkami". Newtype-USA.com. Archived from the original on 24 February 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2007.
- IGN PlayStation Team (16 March 2007). "The Top 25 PS2 Games of All Time". IGN PS2. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 18 March 2007.
- Cowan, Danny (20 September 2006). "Critical Reception: Capcom's/Clover Studio's Okami". Gamasutra. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
- "Game of the Month: April 2008".
- "IGN Wii: Best Artistic Design 2008". IGN.com. 18 December 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2008.
- "IGN Wii: Best Use of the Wii-Mote 2008". IGN.com. 18 December 2008. Archived from the original on 22 December 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2008.
- "1UP's Best of E3 2005". 1UP. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
- "IGNPS2's Best of E3 2005 Awards". IGN PS2. IGN Entertainment. 27 May 2005. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
- "IGN's Best of E3 2005 Awards". IGN. 27 May 2005. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
- "Best Of E3 2005 Awards". X-Play. Episode 5054. 25 May 2005.
- "The Annual E3 Awards: 2005". GameSpy. 25 May 2005. Archived from the original on 17 February 2008. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
- IGN PlayStation Team (6 October 2006). "Game of the Month: September 2006". IGN PS2. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 8 August 2007.
- costik (25 November 2006). "Why Are There No "Prestige Games?"". Manifesto Games. Retrieved 11 August 2007.
- "Reviews: Game of the Month: Okami for PlayStation 2". GameInformer. October 2006. Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- Roper, Chris. "IGN.com Presents the Best of 2006 – Overall Game of the Year". IGN. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- Boyes, Emma (13 August 2007). "Okami wins Edge award". Gamespot. Retrieved 13 August 2007.
- Game Revolution staff (2006). "Best of 2006 Awards". GameRevolution.com. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
- "Game of the Year Awards 06 – Best PlayStation 2 Game". GameTrailers.com. 5 January 2007. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "Okami – You Liked It, You Still Really Like It!". Capcom USA. 23 March 2007. Archived from the original on 5 September 2007. Retrieved 11 August 2007.
- "IGN.com Presents the Best of 2006 – Overall Adventure Game of the Year". IGN. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "IGN.com Presents the Best of 2006 – PlayStation 2 Adventure Game of the Year". IGN. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "IGN.com Presents the Best of 2006 – Overall Best Artistic Design". IGN. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "IGN.com Presents the Best of 2006 – PlayStation 2 Best Artistic Design". IGN. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "IGN.com Presents the Best of 2006 – Overall Most Innovative Design". IGN. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "IGN.com Presents the Best of 2006 – PlayStation 2 Most Innovative Design". IGN. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "IGN.com Presents the Best of 2006 – Overall Best Story". IGN. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "Best Games and Worst Games of 2006 – Best Graphics, Artistic". Gamespot. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- IGN Staff (2 December 2007). "The Top 100 Games of All Time!". IGN. Retrieved 2 December 2007.
- The 36 Best PS2 Games, page 5, Feature Story from GamePro
- "The 7th Annual Game Developers Choice Awards". Game Developers Conference. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "2006 Japan Media Arts Festival Entertainment Division Grand Prize". Japan Media Arts Festival. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "2006 NAViGaTR Winners". National Academy of video game testers and reviewers. 14 August 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2007.
- ""Games of the Year Division" Award Winners Chosen". Japanese Computer Entertainment Supplier's Association. 20 September 2007. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
- Martin, Matt (4 September 2009). "Capcom honoured with Visual Art and Game Design awards". GamesIndustry.biz. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- "The Ursa Major Awards Winners 2006". Ursa Major Awards. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- "2007 BAFTA Winners". Gamasutra. Retrieved 23 October 2007.
- Campbell, Colin (6 February 2007). "The Games People Buy". Next Generation. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
- Official PlayStation Magazine. January 2007. Missing or empty
- Ermac (12 October 2006). "Capcom Dissolving Clover Studios". ErrorMacro. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 11 August 2007.
- Graft, Kris (12 October 2006). "Clover Studios to Dissolve". NextGen.biz. Retrieved 11 August 2007.
- Kietzmann, Ludwig (15 February 2007). "Former Clover members start up new studio". Joystiq. Retrieved 28 September 2007.
- Kietzmann, Ludwig (28 September 2007). "Ex-Clover dev team buries 'Seeds' to form 'Platinum Games'". Joystiq. Retrieved 28 September 2008.
- Plunkett, Luke (30 July 2008). "Ōkami On Wii Didn't Do So Well". Kotaku. Retrieved 30 July 2008.
- Remo, Chris (22 October 2009). "Japanese Software: Pokemon, Wii Fit Plus Hold Fast In Top Slots". Gamasutra. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
- Anoop Gantayat. "Ōkami Hits Top Ten in Japan".
- 2010 Guinness World Records Gamers Edition. BradyGames. 2010. ISBN 978-0-7440-1183-8.
- Totilo, Stephan (5 January 2009). "‘Prince of Persia’ Producer Addresses ‘Colossus’ Copycat Critique". MTV. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
- Guttridge, Luke (5 January 2009). "Preview: Street Fighter IV". Play.tm. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
- Ogden, Gavin (30 July 2009). "Epic Mickey details arise". Computer and Video Games. Retrieved 3 August 2009.
- Magrino, Tom (18 May 2009). "Tatsunoko vs. Capcom confirmed for US". GameSpot. Retrieved 18 May 2009.
- Aziz, Hamza CTZ (21 July 2010). "Amaterasu and Thor join Marvel vs. Capcom 3". Destructoid. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- Khan, Jahanzeb (7 January 2010). "Bayonetta Review". PalGN. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
- Warmouth, Brian (15 July 2010). "Awesome Three Wolf Moon Shirt Gets Ōkami-fied". MTV. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
- 123 games with untapped franchise potential, GamesRadar US, April 30, 2009
- Schedeen, Jesse (26 February 2015). "Capcom and Sega join forces for worlds unite comic book crossover". IGN. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- Devore, Jordan (22 April 2016). "Nice Okami nod, Monster Hunter Generations". Destructoid. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Ōkami|