Okanogan County, Washington

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Okanogan County, Washington
Okanogan County Courthouse 01.jpg
Okanogan County courthouse in Okanogan
Seal of Okanogan County, Washington
Seal
Map of Washington highlighting Okanogan County
Location in the U.S. state of Washington
Map of the United States highlighting Washington
Washington's location in the U.S.
Founded February 22, 1888
Named for Okanagan people
Seat Okanogan
Largest city Omak
Area
 • Total 5,315 sq mi (13,766 km2)
 • Land 5,268 sq mi (13,644 km2)
 • Water 47 sq mi (122 km2), 0.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 41,554
 • Density 7.8/sq mi (3/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Website okanogancounty.org

Okanogan County /ˌkəˈnɡən/ is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington along the Canada–US border. As of the 2010 census, the population was 41,120.[1] The county seat is Okanogan,[2] while the largest city is Omak. In area, it is the largest county in the state.[3]

Approximately 20 percent of residents live in the Greater Omak Area. The county forms a portion of the Okanogan Country. The first county seat was Ruby, Washington, which has now been a ghost town for more than 100 years.

Okanogan County was formed out of Stevens County on February 2, 1888.[4] The name derives from the Okanagan language place name ukʷnaqín.[5] The name Okanogan (Okanagan) also refers to the region that encompasses part of southern British Columbia.

History[edit]

Several hundreds of years before Europeans arrived, the area that became Okanogan County was home to numerous indigenous peoples that would eventually become part of three Indian reservations referred to as the Northern Okanogans or Sinkaietk, Tokoratums, Kartars and Konkonelps. They spoke in seven types of Interior Salish languages related to the Puget Sound tribes. The Okanogans experienced a favorable climate, having camped in the winter, hunting bears in the spring, catch fish in the summer and hunt deer in fall. The camps consisted of teepee-like longhouses built with hides and bark. A popular destination for this was the Kettle Falls also situated in Washington where the Columbia River dropped over 20 feet (6.1 m). Meanwhile, women gathered several pieces of nuts, roots and berries.

Due to its remoteness, the area that became Okanogan County was one of the last in Washington settled by white people. It was an early thoroughfare used by prospectors to gain access to other communities, some of which contain gold fields in what is now known as British Columbia, a province in Western Canada. By the 21st century, the region specialized in agriculture, forestry and tourism. Electric producer Grand Coulee Dam was constructed between 1933 and 1942, originally with two power plants, around the Okanogan and Grant counties at the former's southern border.[6]

In July 2014, the Carlton Complex wildfire burned over 250,000 acres (390 sq mi; 1,000 km2) in Okanogan County. It destroyed over 300 homes[7] including 100 in and around Pateros.[8]

Geography[edit]

Landscape near Winthrop, Washington

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,315 square miles (13,770 km2), of which 5,268 square miles (13,640 km2) is land and 47 square miles (120 km2) (0.9%) is water.[9] It is the largest county in the state by area, and it is larger than three states in land area.

Geographic features[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,467
1900 4,689 219.6%
1910 12,887 174.8%
1920 17,094 32.6%
1930 18,519 8.3%
1940 24,546 32.5%
1950 29,131 18.7%
1960 25,520 −12.4%
1970 25,867 1.4%
1980 30,639 18.4%
1990 33,350 8.8%
2000 39,564 18.6%
2010 41,120 3.9%
Est. 2016 41,554 [10] 1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790–1960[12] 1900–1990[13]
1990–2000[14] 2010–2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 39,564 people, 15,027 households, and 10,579 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 19,085 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.32% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 11.47% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 9.58% from other races, and 2.84% from two or more races. 14.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.0% were of German, 9.5% English, 9.2% United States or American and 6.8% Irish ancestry.

There were 15,027 households out of which 33.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.40% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.70% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,726, and the median income for a family was $35,012. Males had a median income of $29,495 versus $22,005 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,900. About 16.00% of families and 21.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.20% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 41,120 people, 16,519 households, and 10,914 families residing in the county.[16] The population density was 7.8 inhabitants per square mile (3.0/km2). There were 22,245 housing units at an average density of 4.2 per square mile (1.6/km2).[17] The racial makeup of the county was 73.9% white, 11.4% American Indian, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 10.1% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 17.6% of the population.[16] In terms of ancestry, 21.4% were German, 12.4% were Irish, 12.2% were English, and 3.6% were American.[18]

Of the 16,519 households, 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.9% were non-families, and 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 42.9 years.[16]

The median income for a household in the county was $38,551 and the median income for a family was $48,418. Males had a median income of $37,960 versus $29,032 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,093. About 14.7% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Communities[edit]

Landscape near Okanogan, Washington

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 54.7% 9,610 35.9% 6,298 9.4% 1,648
2012 54.2% 9,221 41.8% 7,108 4.0% 674
2008 51.8% 8,798 44.8% 7,613 3.4% 576
2004 59.0% 9,636 38.6% 6,309 2.4% 397
2000 63.4% 9,384 29.3% 4,335 7.3% 1,079
1996 45.1% 5,890 36.8% 4,810 18.2% 2,375
1992 32.7% 4,265 38.5% 5,015 28.8% 3,753
1988 49.9% 5,856 48.0% 5,630 2.2% 254
1984 57.3% 7,476 40.8% 5,330 1.9% 253
1980 51.7% 6,460 37.1% 4,634 11.2% 1,399
1976 47.1% 5,455 47.8% 5,543 5.2% 597
1972 56.1% 5,796 37.1% 3,835 6.8% 703
1968 45.2% 4,490 44.1% 4,379 10.7% 1,066
1964 37.5% 3,931 62.5% 6,554 0.1% 10
1960 48.3% 5,169 51.5% 5,507 0.2% 22
1956 50.7% 5,448 49.3% 5,298 0.1% 8
1952 55.6% 6,085 44.0% 4,817 0.4% 48
1948 41.1% 4,083 56.8% 5,644 2.1% 208
1944 46.6% 4,084 53.0% 4,642 0.4% 38
1940 44.0% 4,244 55.5% 5,362 0.5% 49
1936 27.3% 2,367 64.9% 5,622 7.8% 678
1932 32.8% 2,277 57.1% 3,969 10.1% 701
1928 64.9% 3,245 34.4% 1,722 0.7% 36
1924 50.4% 2,531 14.4% 721 35.2% 1,769
1920 55.0% 2,784 24.9% 1,260 20.1% 1,020
1916 35.6% 1,896 54.8% 2,924 9.6% 514
1912 19.0% 804 34.5% 1,461 46.6% 1,974[21]
1908 49.2% 1,368 38.7% 1,074 12.1% 337
1904 66.6% 1,192 24.3% 435 9.1% 162
1900 38.1% 457 59.5% 714 2.4% 29
1896 22.7% 284 76.0% 950 1.3% 16
1892 50.0% 577 36.9% 425 13.1% 151

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Wilma, David (January 21, 2006). "Okanogan County — Thumbnail History". HistoryLink.org. 
  4. ^ "Washington State Archives – Central Regional Branch: Guide to Holdings: Okanogan County". Retrieved 2007-12-31. 
  5. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 346. ISBN 978-0-8061-3598-4. Retrieved 16 September 2011. 
  6. ^ Thumbnail History. HistoryLink. Retrieved February 17, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Fire's updated toll: 300 homes, 'horrifying' devastation". Seattle Times. 26 July 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  8. ^ Geranios, Nicholas K.; Johnson, Gene (2014-07-19). "Damage from Washington Wildfires 'Hard to Believe'". The Associated Press. Boston.com. Archived from the original on 2014-07-19. 
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  16. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-06. 
  17. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-06. 
  18. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-06. 
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-06. 
  20. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  21. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 1,088 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 827 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 38 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 21 votes.

Coordinates: 48°33′N 119°45′W / 48.55°N 119.75°W / 48.55; -119.75