Okeford Fitzpaine

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Okeford Fitzpaine
050623 056 uk dor of.jpg
Looking towards the parish church
Okeford Fitzpaine is located in Dorset
Okeford Fitzpaine
Okeford Fitzpaine
Okeford Fitzpaine shown within Dorset
Population 913 
OS grid reference ST806110
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
List of places
UK
England
DorsetCoordinates: 50°53′53″N 2°16′36″W / 50.8981°N 2.2768°W / 50.8981; -2.2768
Village primary school

Okeford Fitzpaine /ˈkfərd fɪtsˈpn/ is a village and civil parish in the English county of Dorset, situated in the Blackmore Vale 3 miles (4.8 km) south of the town of Sturminster Newton in the North Dorset administrative district. It is sited on a thin strip of greensand under the scarp face of the Dorset Downs.[1] In the 2011 census the civil parish—which includes the hamlet of Belchalwell to the west and most of Fiddleford to the north—had 404 dwellings,[2] 380 households and a population of 913.[3]

History[edit]

Prehistoric remains within the parish include three cross dykes and five round barrows on the chalk hills south of the village, and an iron age hill fort on Banbury Hill, towards Sturminster Newton. Banbury covers about 3 acres (1.2 ha) and is of univallate (single rampart) construction, though its defences have been reduced by cultivation.[4]

In 1086 in the Domesday Book Okeford Fitzpaine was recorded as Adford;[5] it had 40 households, 16 ploughlands, 21 acres (8.5 ha) of meadow and 1 mill. It was in Sturminster Newton Hundred and the tenant-in-chief was Glastonbury Abbey.[6] Since then it has been known as "Aukford Alured" and "Ockford Phippin", the latter echoing the modern colloquial "Fippenny Ockford" and its shorthand, "Ockford".[7]

The present parish of Okeford Fitzpaine includes several areas that used to be within other parishes: Banbury Common (formerly in Child Okeford parish), the centre of the old parish of Belchalwell (plus four of its five separated parts), and part of Fiddleford (east of the Darknoll Brook).[4] Until 1966 almost the entire village was owned by the Pitt-Rivers family, so it has no "big house", and comprised mostly tenant farmers. The village was sold off at auction by his mistress Stella Lonsdale following the death in 1966 of George Pitt-Rivers, who specified that the Estate not be sold as such, but that each property be sold individually, so that existing tenants might buy their leased farms.[8][9]

Governance[edit]

In the United Kingdom national parliament, Okeford Fitzpaine is in the North Dorset parliamentary constituency which is represented by Simon Hoare of the Conservative party.[10] In local government Okeford is governed by Dorset County Council at the highest tier, North Dorset District Council at the middle tier, and Okeford Fitzpaine Parish Council at the lowest tier. The first meeting of the parish council took place on 1 January 1895.[11]

For electoral purposes in national government and district council elections, Okeford Fitzpaine is in Bulbarrow electoral ward. In national parliamentary elections this is joined with 26 other wards that together elect the Member of Parliament for the North Dorset constituency.[12] In district council elections the ward is joined by eighteen other wards within the North Dorset District to elect councillors to North Dorset District Council; Bulbarrow ward elects one councillor[13] out of a total of 33. The Conservative Party has overall control of the district council.[14]

In county council elections Okeford is in Winterborne electoral division, one of 42 divisions that each elect councillors to Dorset County Council.[15] The county council has 45 councillors (three divisions elect two councillors each)[16] and the Conservative Party has overall control.[17]

Education[edit]

There is a small but thriving Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School[18] classified in 2015 by OFSTED as "Good". The school was virtually destroyed by fire during World War II, and many village records were lost.[19]

There is also the Oak Tree Pre-School.[20]

Notable buildings[edit]

Within the parish are 61 structures that are listed by Historic England for their historic or architectural interest. Two of these – the Parish Church of St Andrew and the Church of St Aldhelm – have Grade II* status, with all other listed structures being Grade II. Among these are a barn off High Street; a green-painted K6 telephone kiosk by the post office; 50 metres (160 ft) of raised pavement in Shillingstone Lane; a table tomb in St Andrew's churchyard; and another in St Aldhelm's churchyard.[21][22]

Parish Church of St Andrew

The Parish Church of St Andrew is built from greensand and Marnhull limestone and has a 14th-century tower arch and west window, a mid-15th-century west tower, and a 19th-century chancel. The aisles and nave are also 19th century, though they incorporate some 15th-century elements. The pulpit is 15th century, albeit much restored.[4]

The Church of St Aldhelm, formerly the parish church of Belchalwell, is in the southwestern part of the parish. The nave has late-12th-century origins, though only part of the south wall remains from this date. The south doorway is well preserved, dating to about 1190, and is ornamented with chevron and dog-tooth patterning. The north aisle, chancel, south tower and south porch are 15th-century additions, though at the end of the 19th century the east wall of the chancel and all the north aisle were largely rebuilt, as were the west walls of the nave and south porch.[4]

The Old Rectory has a main block that probably was built in the mid 18th century by the Rev Duke Butler; it has a symmetrical five-bay east front comprising rendered walls above ashlar and rubble plinths. An earlier brick-walled kitchen wing to the northwest has a large fireplace with a chamfered bressummer.[4]

The village has a tiny museum exhibiting the village's own early 19th-century fire engine and the World War II air-raid siren issued to the village post office.

There is what remains of a Cross, of ashlar and comprise a chamfered plinth and two square steps on which rests an octagonal cross-base, chamfered on top and with broach stops occupying the corners of the square. The tenon of the cross-shaft still lodges in a square mortice at the centre of the octagon, but the rest has gone.[4]

Community facilities[edit]

Okeford Fitzpaine has a village hall, which can cater for conferences of up to 140 people and parties of up to 200; it has full facilities for people with disabilities.[23] The village also has a public house called the Royal Oak,[24] and a village shop, "The Old Bell Stores".

People[edit]

In 2015 the village had 333 houses, with 33 more under construction on land once occupied by Phillips's Hillview Dairy. Plans are being formulated for perhaps another 100, some on the land occupied by the defunct chicken farm, some on land occupied by the defunct Wessex Homes mobile home factory, and some on Pleydell's Farm in the middle of the village.[25]

TV presenter Jack Hargreaves, known for having devised and presented How!, Out of Town and Old Country, lived at Belchalwell.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ralph Wightman (1983). Portrait of Dorset (4 ed.). Robert Hale Ltd. p. 136. ISBN 0 7090 0844 9. 
  2. ^ "Area: Okeford Fitzpaine (Parish). Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011 (KS401EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "Area: Okeford Fitzpaine (Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f 'Okeford Fitzpaine', in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 3, Central (London, 1970), pp. 200–207. University of London. Retrieved 24 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Dorset H-R". The Domesday Book Online. domesdaybook.co.uk. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  6. ^ "Place: Okeford [Fitzpaine]". Open Domesday. domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  7. ^ Roland Gant (1980). Dorset Villages. Robert Hale Ltd. p. 50. ISBN 0 7091 8135 3. 
  8. ^ See entry for George Pitt-Rivers
  9. ^ "Fippenny Ockford & thereabouts" by Tom Graham, 1952
  10. ^ "Dorset North Parliamentary constituency". Election 2015. BBC. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  11. ^ "History of the council". okeford-fitzpaine.org. Retrieved 24 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Dorset North: Seat, Ward and Prediction Details". electoralcalculus.co.uk. Retrieved 23 November 2015. 
  13. ^ "The North Dorset (Electoral Changes) Order 2014". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  14. ^ "North Dorset district councillors". dorsetforyou.com. Dorset County Council. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2015. 
  15. ^ "Electoral division profiles, 2013". dorsetforyou.com. Dorset County Council. Retrieved 23 November 2015. 
  16. ^ "Committee Information". dorsetforyou.com. Dorset County Council. Retrieved 23 November 2015. 
  17. ^ "Dorset county councillors". dorsetforyou.com. Dorset County Council. 17 January 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015. 
  18. ^ http://www.okeford.dorset.sch.uk/index.php/
  19. ^ Tom Graham, op.cit.
  20. ^ http://www.spanglefish.com/okefordfitzpaine/index.asp?pageid=416970
  21. ^ "Listed Buildings in Okeford Fitzpaine, Dorset, England". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  22. ^ "K6 Telephone Kiosk (Adjacent Post Office) No 860247, Okeford Fitzpaine". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  23. ^ "Okeford Fitzpaine". Dorset Halls Network. Dorset Village Halls Association. 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2015. 
  24. ^ http://www.thegoodpubguide.co.uk/pub/view/Royal-Oak-DT11-0RN
  25. ^ https://okefordfitzpaineplan.wordpress.com/

External links[edit]