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(repeating unit)
IMA symbolOke[1]
Strunz classification9.EA.40
Crystal systemTriclinic
Crystal classPinacoidal (1)
(same H-M symbol)
Space groupP1
Unit cella = 9.69, b = 7.28
c = 22.02 [Å]; α = 92.7°
β = 100.1°, γ = 110.9°; Z = 2
ColorWhite, may show slightly yellow or blue tint
Crystal habitBladed crystals, typically fibrous, clusters of curved crystals and radial balls
CleavagePerfect on {001}
Mohs scale hardness4+12–5
LusterVitreous, pearly
DiaphaneityTransparent, translucent
Specific gravity2.28–2.33
Optical propertiesBiaxial (−)
Refractive indexnα = 1.512 – 1.532 nβ = 1.514 – 1.535 nγ = 1.515 – 1.542
Birefringenceδ = 0.003 – 0.010
2V angleMeasured: 60°

Okenite (CaSi2O5·2H2O)[3] is a silicate mineral that is usually associated with zeolites. It most commonly is found as small white "cotton ball" formations within basalt geodes. These formations are clusters of straight, radiating, fibrous crystals that are both bendable and fragile.[5] It also belongs to the family of the calcium silicate hydrates (C-S-H) commonly found in hardened cement paste. In cement chemist notation (CCN) it is noted as CaO·2SiO2·2H2O and abbreviated as CS2H2.

Discovery and occurrence[edit]

It was first described in 1828 for an occurrence at Disko Island, Greenland and named for German naturalist Lorenz Oken (1779–1851).[4]

Minerals associated with okenite include apophyllite, gyrolite, prehnite, chalcedony, goosecreekite and many of the mother zeolites. Okenite is found in India, mainly within the state of Maharashtra. Other localities include Bulla Island, Azerbaijan; Aranga, New Zealand; Chile; Ireland and Bordo Island in the Faroe Islands.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Warr, L.N. (2021). "IMA–CNMNC approved mineral symbols". Mineralogical Magazine. 85 (3): 291–320. Bibcode:2021MinM...85..291W. doi:10.1180/mgm.2021.43. S2CID 235729616.
  2. ^ Okenite in the Handbook of Mineralogy
  3. ^ a b c Okenite on Mindat.org
  4. ^ a b Okenite data on Webmineral
  5. ^ "Okenite (Hydrated Calcium Silicate Hydroxide)". Galleries.com. Retrieved 2013-07-27.