Okhla

Coordinates: 28°34′N 77°17′E / 28.567°N 77.283°E / 28.567; 77.283
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Okhla
Okhla is located in Delhi
Okhla
Okhla
Location in Delhi, India
Coordinates: 28°34′N 77°17′E / 28.567°N 77.283°E / 28.567; 77.283
CountryIndia
StateDelhi
DistrictSouth East Delhi
Named forOkhla Village
Government
 • MLAAmanatullah Khan (Aam Aadmi Party)
Languages
 • Official
 • Additional official
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
110025
Vehicle registrationDL
Planning agencyMCD

Okhla, short for Old Kanal Housing and Land Authority, an urban neighbourhood located near the Okhla barrage in the South East Delhi district of Delhi near the border between Delhi and Uttar Pradesh. Okhla has lent its name to the nearby planned township of New Okhla Industrial Development Authority or NOIDA. Okhla is also an assembly constituency.[2]

About[edit]

Okhla is one of the oldest inhabited areas in Delhi near the bank of Yamuna River. This can be judged from the making of Okhla canal (Agra Canal) by Britishers in 1874, presently known as Okhla Head.

History[edit]

Agra Canal headworks at Okhla, 1871

The Okhla barrage is a barrage that was developed by the British. It is also the starting point of the Agra Canal built in 1874. Today it is also the location of the Okhla Bird Sanctuary, and further down the canal towards Agra, the Keetham Lake National Bird Sanctuary.

The present campus of Jamia Millia Islamia, a central university was established here in 1925. The Okhla Mandi is an important wholesale market in Delhi. Several services are nearby, including the NSIC, IIIT Delhi, Govind Ballabh Pant Engineering College, Meera Bai Institute of Technology, Kalkaji Temple, Lotus Temple, Okhla Vihar, Okhla railway station, and the Okhla Water Works.

Okhla Industrial Estate[edit]

Okhla Industrial Estate, an industrial domain of New Delhi in South Delhi was established by National Small Industries Corporation and was one of the 12 such estates being developed across India to encourage small industries. Construction work at the site began in 1952 and it was finally inaugurated in 1958,[3][4] and in time became synonymous to growth of small scale industries in region. Today it is divided in three phases.[5]

Extension of Okhla[edit]

Apart from the Industrial Estate, Okhla also has an extension of several residential areas which includes Zakir Nagar, Batla House, Jogabai Extension, Abul Fazal Enclave, Okhla Head, Jamia Nagar, Shaheen Bagh, Okhla Vihar, Johri Farm, Noor Nagar, Gaffar Manzil, Haji Colony, etc. This includes the colonies situated on the bank of the river Yamuna.

Phases[edit]

Okhla Industrial Estate Phase I and Phase II is one of the 28 industrial areas of Delhi, as per the Master Plan of 2001. Revenue earners from this base include ready-made garment exporters and leather garment exporters, besides other segments of the industry such as pharmaceutical manufacturing units, plastic and packaging industries, printing presses, machinery manufacturers, call centers, MNCs Office, Bank, and others.

Okhla Industrial Estate Phase III spreads over 110 acres (0.45 km2) and is a modest industrial foundation laid out by the British architect Mr. Walter George, who was famous for the planning and construction of Parliament House, North, and South Blocks.

MNCs, Call centers, BPO, Showrooms, and Media Groups are actively operational in the area.

Overview[edit]

The whole industrial area was named after the main Okhla Village, in South Delhi. Nearby areas have now extensively grown ito neighbourhoods like Jogabai extension, Batla House, Okhla Vihar, Zakir Nagar, Jamia Nagar, Abul Fazal Enclave, Shaheen Bagh, Kalindi Colony, and Kalindi Kunj.

The Okhla neighbourhood has a high density of Muslim population, and show high linguistic literacy rate.[6] It is a state assembly constituency, part of the East Delhi Lok Sabha constituency.

Neighbourhoods[edit]

East of Kailash, New Friends Colony, Nehru Place, Kalkaji, Abul Fazal Enclave, Sukhdev Vihar, Greater Kailash, Govindpuri, Sriniwaspuri, Tuglaqabad, Sarita Vihar, Jasola, Shaheen Bagh, Jaitpur, Madanpur, Badarpur, Zakir Nagar, Okhla Vihar, Ghaffar Manzil Colony, Haji colony, Ishwar Nagar and Harkesh Nagar are the surrounding areas.

Wildlife sanctuaries[edit]

Okhla Bird Sanctuary is a nearby Bird Park and Wildlife Sanctuary located in Noida, where during the month of September thousands of migratory birds including shovellers, pintail, common teal, gadwall, and blue-winged teal visit the area every year.

Hospitals[edit]

There are many hospitals in the area, including Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Al-Shifa, Cribbs, Holy Family Hospital, Fortis Escorts , and other small hospitals and clinics.

Transport[edit]

Okhla is well connected via roadways and railways and is not too far away from the IGI Airport. Business districts such as Nehru Place and Connaught Place are considerably close resulting in good access to public services.

Okhla is also connected to the Delhi Metro Magenta Line Network - Jasola Vihar-Shaheen Bagh, Okhla Vihar, Jamia Millia Islamia and Sukhdev Vihar.

Delhi Transport Corporation buses via various Bus stops and terminus are operating from Okhla.

Further reading[edit]

  • Ram, Paras (1967). A study of the export potential of Okhla industrial estate. Indian Institute of Foreign Trade.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Official Language Act 2000" (PDF). Government of Delhi. 2 July 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Constituencies | District Magistrate South East | India". dmsoutheast.delhi.gov.in. Retrieved 11 January 2024.
  3. ^ Jain, L. C. (1998). The city of hope: the Faridabad story. Concept Publishing Company. p. 100. ISBN 81-7022-748-8.
  4. ^ Prasad, Rajendra (1995). Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Correspondence and Select Documents, Vol. 6. Allied Publishers. ISBN 81-7023-002-0. March 21, 1958
  5. ^ Bandyopadhyaya, Kalyani (1969). Industrialization through industrial estates: a pattern of economic decentralization. Bookland. p. 94.
  6. ^ Ahmad, Aijazuddin; Hamdard Education Society (1993). Muslims in India: National capital territory of Delhi. Inter-India Publications. pp. 111–112. ISBN 81-210-0346-6.