Okinawa Airakuen Sanatorium
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|National Sanatorium Okinawa Airakuen|
|Location||1192 Sumuide, Nago, Okinawa, Japan|
|Care system||HealthCare of those who had leprosy|
|Hospital type||National hospital run by Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (Japan)|
|Beds||423 (Japanese health and medical law) and 309 (in-patients)|
|Lists||Hospitals in Japan|
History before the sanatorium
Main article: Keisai Aoki
- Nov 10, 1938: Okinawa Prefectural Kunigami Airakuen Sanatorium opened.
- Apr 1, 1941: National Kunigami Airakuen Sanatorium.
- Apr 25, 1946: Under American Military Government.
- Apr 1, 1952: Ryukyu Government Kungami Airakuen.
- Aug 26, 1961: Hansen's disease prevention law of Okinawa promulgated.
- May 15, 1972: Okinawa returned to Japan. "National Sanatorium Okinawa Airakuen"
- Apr 1, 1996: The previous leprosy prevention law was abandoned.
Sanatorium and the war
- In Sept 1944, they dug many air-raid shelters, which were named Hayata Goh(air-raid shelter) later.
- 400 new leprosy patients were hospitalized by the Japanese army in September 1944, for a total of 913 patients. Food and housing conditions were miserable.
- April 1, 1945, the American army landed at Chatan.
- April 10, 1945, Director Hiroshi Hayata allowed patients to leave the sanatorium.
- April 21, the Sanatorium was occupied after hand-to-hand fighting.
- May 4, the Sanatorium was formally occupied.
After the war
- August 1945, the director of the army hospital visited the Sanatorium.
- March 8, 1946, the "Yagaji Sanatorium", meaning the sanatorium on the Yagaji Island, became the restricted area.
- In 1949, Dr.V.Scorebrand visited the Sanatorium, and tried to use promin.[clarification needed]
- In July, 1953, Dr.Doull visited Okinawa for two months and reported various recommendations concerning leprosy.
- In March 1951, Okinawa "Save-Leprosy Patient" Association started.
- In Feb 1954, the Jichi-kai(Patients' association) of the Airakuen started "Tomonokai", an association for those who were discharged from the Airakuen and Miyako Nanseien.
- In Feb 1960, an outpatient clinic started in Naha City. Similar clinics were built later in Ishigaki -jima and Miyako -jima.
- In March 1957, the Japanese Government started to send leprosy specialists to two Okinawan sanatoriums.
- In 1967, Okinawan schoolchildren surveys were started.
- Apr 1996:The 1953 Leprosy Prevention Law was abolished.
- Jul 1998: The trial for compensation started.
- May 11, 2001: The trial for compensation ruled that the previous Leprosy Prevention was unconstitutional.
- May 25, 2001: The trial for compensation was confirmed. The compensation of 8,000,000 yen to 14,000,000 yen was given to patients depending on the duration of unconstitutional periods.
Number of patients
- Fukken eno Jitsugetsu (2001) Koyo Shuppansha Tokyo p.374
- The transitions of the leprosy policy (1999) Kazuo Saikawa, Okinawa Leprosy Prevention Association. in Japanese.
- Airakuen Sanatorium HP, in Japanese