Oklahoma Department of Human Services
Department of Human Services logo
2400 N Lincoln Boulevard
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
|Annual budget||$2.3 billion (FY13)|
|Website||Oklahoma Department of Human Services|
The Oklahoma Department of Human Services (OKDHS) is an agency of the government of Oklahoma. Under the supervision of the Oklahoma Secretary of Health and Human Services, OKDHS is responsible for providing help to individuals and families in need through public assistance programs and managing services for seniors and people with disabilities.
The Department is led by the Director of Human Services, who is appointed by the Governor of Oklahoma, with the consent of the Oklahoma Senate, to serve at the pleasure of the Governor. The current Director is Ed Lake, who was appointed by Governor Mary Fallin on November 1, 2012.
The Department was established in 1936 during the term of Governor of Oklahoma E. W. Marland.
The state agency was established in 1936 by the voters of Oklahoma by an amendment to the Oklahoma Constitution. By a two-to-one margin, voters approved Article XXV, a state constitutional amendment, “to provide … for the relief and care of needy aged … and other needy persons.“ The Department was established under the name of the Department of Public Welfare. The agency began with the four divisions of finance, statistical, child welfare, and public assistance.
In 1951, Lloyd E. Rader was appointed director of the agency, and he turned the then poorly functioning agency into a model for other states. During the 1950s, the agency's responsibilities were expanded as other agencies were transferred under Rader's leadership. Rader would serve as the agency's director until his resignation in 1982.
Lawmakers changed the agency's name to the Department of Institutions, Social and Rehabilitative Services in 1968 legislation. In 1980, the Oklahoma Legislature changed the name to the Department of Human Services. Under Rader's leadership, the agency gained a large budget with the addition of federal funding. By 1966, the agency budget was $235 million. By 1970, it paid out more in welfare than any of its neighboring states.
In November 2012, Oklahoma voters amended the Oklahoma Constitution by passing State Question 756, which reorganized the agency. Prior to the amendment, the Department of Human Services was governed by a nine-member Commission on Human Services, whose members were appointed by the Governor of Oklahoma to serve fixed terms. The commission would then appoint a director under the commission's oversight. The 2012 amendment abolished the commission and provided for the appointment of the director by the governor directly.
Scope and goals
The Department of Human Services provides a number of assistance programs to help Oklahomans by administering federal programs for food benefits and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families; and the state's child welfare, developmental disabilities, aging, adult protective, and child support systems; and child care assistance, licensing and monitoring. The agency also handles applications and eligibility for ABD Sooner Care, the state’s Medicaid program offering health care to aged, blind, or disabled individuals with low incomes.
The growth of the Department of Human Services has created a complex organization that includes agency leaders, division directors and county offices in each of Oklahoma's 77 counties.
The state agency is led by the Oklahoma Secretary of Health and Human Services and day-to-day operations are administered by an agency director. Under Governor of Oklahoma Mary Fallin, the Secretary is Terry Cline, Ph.D., and Ed Lake is serving as agency Director.
As of August 2013, the organization of the Department is as follows:
- Oklahoma Secretary of Health and Human Services
- Chief of Staff
- Human Resources Management
- Office of Intergovernmental Relations
- Office of Planning, Research, and Statistics
- Child Welfare Services
- Adoption Services
- Child Protective Services
- Adult and Family Services
- Child Care Services
- Child Support Services
- Temporary Assistance to Needy Families
- Community Living and Support Services
- Aging Services
- Adult Protective Services
- Child Support Services
- Developmental Disabilities
- Finance and Administration
- Communications and Community Relations
- Legal Services
- Office of Client Advocacy
- Office of the Inspector General
- Office for Civil Rights
- Chief of Staff
Budget and staffing
The Department of Human Services is the third largest state agency by annual appropriation. Expenditures made by the agency are divided into two major areas: an annual operating budget used to run the Department and funded primarily by state appropriations and a Medical and Assistance Fund used to fund the assistance programs. The agency receives both federal and state funding and has additional sources of revenue. The agency received a state appropriation of $587 million and had a total budget of $2.3 billion for fiscal year 2013.
The Department of Human Services is the largest employer in Oklahoma state government. As of February 2012, the staffing is as follows:
|Program||Number of Employees|
|Office of Client Advocacy||56|
|Office of Inspector General||77|
|Office for Civil Rights||6|
|Office of General Counsel||38|
|Human Services Centers
|Vertically Integrated Services Divisions
- Oklahoma Health Care Authority
- Government of Oklahoma
- Kelsey Smith-Briggs Child Protection Reform Act
- "Throwaway Kids", a two-part investigative report on the OKDHS that aired on the ABC News magazine 20/20 in 1981
- June 2012 Commission Meeting Notes, OKDHS.org (accessed May 10, 2013)
- OKDHS - Director Ed Lake, Oklahoma Department of Human Services, 2013-04-20
- Doe, Douglas D. and George E. Johnson Jr. Oklahoma Department of Human Services, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 10, 2013)
- O'Dell, Larry. Rader, Lloyd, Edwin Sr. (1906-1986), Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed May 10, 2013)
- OKDHS - Joint Citizen Panels, Oklahoma Department of Human Services, 2013-04-20
- About Us, OKDHS.org (accessed May 10, 2013)
- Oklahoma Department of Human Services Organizational Chart, Oklahoma Department of Human Services, Created 15/08/2013, Retrieved 19/09/2013