Oklahoma State Highway 1
|Maintained by ODOT|
|Length:||209.7 mi (337.5 km)|
|Existed:||1968 – present|
|West end:||US-177 / SH-199 east of Mannsville|
|East end:||AR 88 at the Arkansas state line|
State Highway 1, sometimes abbreviated as SH-1, is a 209.7-mile (337 km) highway maintained by the U.S. state of Oklahoma. It travels through the southeastern part of the state, nicknamed Little Dixie. SH-1 is signed east and west.
Madill to Ada
SH-1 eastbound begins at US-177/SH-199 between Mannsville and Madill. It then winds northward to the town of Ravia, and becomes concurrent with SH-7 at through Mill Creek. Highway 7 splits off to the west soon after and SH-1 continues northward to Hickory, Oklahoma and Roff.
Ada to Calvin
After leaving Ada the highway becomes gradually more hilly and curvy, and turns northeast. Between the towns of Allen and Calvin, the road roughly follows the south bank of the Canadian River, though the river is not actually visible from the road.
Calvin to Talihina
Through some parts of this section of the highway, the SH-1 signage is omitted in favor of US-270 signs.
Continuing east, the highway passes just north of Stuart, Oklahoma and through Arpelar. It then intersects with the Indian Nation Turnpike just west of the McAlester city limits. Through McAlester the street is also signed as Carl Albert Parkway.
West of Hartshorne US-270 splits off from SH-1 and it continues east concurrent with SH-63. For 6 miles (9.7 km) SH-1 and SH-63 overlap State Highway 2. Here the road continues east and becomes even more hilly and curvy as it heads toward the Winding Stair Mountains. From this point forward, the road contains a large number of hairpin turns - some even as drastic as 180-degrees. At Talihina SH-63 splits off to the south and US-271 merges on to the highway for 8 miles (13 km).
The Talimena Drive
8 miles (12.8 km) northeast of Talihina, SH-1 splits off of US-271. This begins the final 26 miles (41 km) of the highway, officially named the Talimena Drive because it runs from Talihina to Mena, Arkansas. This highway, a National Scenic Byway since January 2005, runs through the Ouachita National Forest and the Winding Stair Mountains, and has no shoulders. It features special 'vistas' - parking lots placed off the road at especially scenic parts of the highway. At either end of the Talimena Drive, signs are posted stating that the highway is closed during cold and foggy conditions, and that no snow control is provided.
The height of the mountain peaks on the Drive causes the oaks and pines to grow so much slower and shorter than the rest of Southeast Oklahoma. On a hot summer day, the winds on the Talimena Drive may be a good 10 degrees cooler than other nearby locations.
State Highway 1 was historically an entrance into Indian Territory from the state of Arkansas. The Oklahoma Choctaw came to these mountain tops in the early 1830s. Stage coach robbers, train robbers and bank robbers all came to hide on these mountain peaks bringing in their horses for much needed breaks. Horse Thief Springs is marked at its vista where one can still rest before continuing down the Drive.
|Marshall||||0.0||0.0||US-177 / SH-199||Western terminus|
|Johnston||Ravia||8.0||12.9||SH-22||Western terminus of SH-22|
|||17.2||27.7||SH-7||Southern terminus of SH-7 concurrency|
|Murray||||28.2||45.4||SH-7||Northern terminus of SH-7 concurrency|
|Pontotoc||||40.5||65.2||Chickasaw Turnpike||Eastern terminus of Chickasaw Turnpike|
|Ada||50.2||80.8||SH-3||Interchange, southern terminus of SH-3 concurrency|
|50.7||81.6||Reeves Road||Westbound exit only|
|51.4||82.7||SH-3W / SH-19||Interchange, SH-3 splits into SH-3W and SH-3E, eastern terminus of SH-19|
|52.2||84.0||US-377 / SH-3E / SH-99||Interchange, western terminus of US-377/SH-99 concurrency|
|55.7||89.6||US-377 / SH-99||Eastern terminus of US-377/SH-99 concurrency|
|Allen||73.4||118.1||SH-48||Western terminus of SH-48 concurrency|
|Hughes||Atwood||80.5||129.6||SH-48||Eastern terminus of SH-48 concurrency|
|Calvin||86.1||138.6||US-75 / US-270||Western terminus of US-270 concurrency|
|||95.9||154.3||SH-31A||Northern terminus of SH-31A|
|Pittsburg||||111.4||179.3||Indian Nation Turnpike||Interchange|
|McAlester||115.1||185.2||SH-31||Western terminus of SH-31 concurrency|
|117.8||189.6||SH-31||Eastern terminus of SH-31 concurrency|
|Haileyville||128.8||207.3||SH-63||Western terminus of SH-63 concurrency|
|Hartshorne||131.5||211.6||US-270||Eastern terminus of US-270 concurrency|
|Latimer||||146.8||236.3||SH-2||Northern terminus of SH-2 concurrency|
|||152.8||245.9||SH-2||Southern terminus of SH-2 concurrency|
|||164.8||265.2||SH-63A||Southern terminus of SH-63A|
|Le Flore||Talihina||166.1||267.3||SH-82||Southern terminus of SH-82|
|166.6||268.1||US-271 / SH-63||Eastern terminus of SH-63 concurrency, western terminus of US-271 concurrency|
|||174.7||281.2||US-271||Talimena Drive begins, eastern terminus of US-271 concurrency|
|Oklahoma–Arkansas state line||209.7||337.5||AR 88 continues into Arkansas|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Google (October 22, 2012). "Oklahoma State Highway 1" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
Google (October 22, 2012). "Oklahoma State Highway 1" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- Wilson, Linda D. "Talimena Drive". The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved 2007-02-14.
- McMahon, Martin. "Terminus: SH-1". Roadklahoma. Retrieved 2006-03-10.