Okpe language (Southwestern Edo)
The sound system is rather conservative, and nearly the same as that of Urhobo. The vowels system is the same, and somewhat reduced compared to proto-Edoid: there are seven vowels, /i e ɛ a ɔ o u/. Of the consonants, only significant differences are the addition of /ɣʷ/ and of the distinction between l vs n and y vs ny: these alternate, depending on whether the following vowel is oral or nasal. /ɾ, ʋ, w/ also have nasal allophones before nasal vowels.
|Nasal||m||l [n]||j [ɲ]|
|Plosive||p b||t d||c ɟ||k ɡ||k͡p ɡ͡b|
|Fricative||ɸ||f v||s z||ɕ ʑ||ɣ||ɣʷ||h|
|Approximant||ʋ||l [n]||j [ɲ]||w|
- Okpe at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Idesa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Okpe (Southwestern Edo)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Archangeli & Pulleyblank, 1994. Grounded phonology, p 181ff
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