Oktyabrskaya (Koltsevaya Line)

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Октябрьская (Russian)
Moscow Metro station
The Oktyabrskaya Station Interior.jpg
Coordinates 55°43′47″N 37°36′33″E / 55.7297°N 37.6091°E / 55.7297; 37.6091Coordinates: 55°43′47″N 37°36′33″E / 55.7297°N 37.6091°E / 55.7297; 37.6091
Owned by Moskovsky Metropoliten
Line(s)  5  Koltsevaya Line
Platforms 1
Tracks 2
Connections Trolleybus: 4, 33, 62
Depth 40 metres (130 ft)
Platform levels 1
Parking No
Other information
Station code 075
Opened 1 January 1950; 67 years ago (1950-01-01)
Previous names Kaluzhskaya (1950-1961)
Passengers (2002) 19,235,500
Preceding station   Moscow Metro   Following station
anticlockwise / outer
Koltsevaya Line
clockwise / inner
Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line
Transfer at: Oktyabrskaya
toward  Medvedkovo
Oktyabrskaya is located in Central Moscow
Central Moscow metro lines.svg
Location within Central Moscow

Oktyabrskaya (Russian: Октя́брьская) is a station on the Koltsevaya Line of the Moscow Metro. Opened on 1 January 1950, Oktyabrskaya was part of the first segment of the fourth stage. Designed by Leonid Polyakov who took the mid-19th century Neoclassical triumphal Empire style as the basis, and incorporated the themes of the 1812 Victory over Napoleon to match the 1945 Soviet victory in the second world war, applying to the standard pylon tri-vault design.

Both the central and platform vaults are divided by arches which have large bas-reliefs which contain medallions of Soviet Army soldiers surrounded by ornaments. The pylons contain a bas-relief centred ventilation grilles which are flanked by two anodized aluminum torches that give the overall golden glow to the bright grey marble that faces them. The station walls are ceramic tiles and are decorated with relief images of gilded wreaths and stars. The end of a central hall contains a miniature triumphal arch with a metallic gate that walls of a blue lit room, symbolising the time of peaceful life. The floor of the station is laid with grey and red granite, and the perimeter of the central hall is also bordered out by a pattern of bright and dark marble.

The station has a large vestibule on the Kaluzhskaya square on the Garden Ring (named after the city of Kaluga) and hence the station's original name Kaluzhskaya (Калужская), renamed on 6 June 1961 to its present name (though the square's historic name was reverted in 1992). The vestibule on exterior contains large bas-reliefs of trumpeters that are lit by lamps concealed as columns underneath. Inside the ticket and escalator halls are decorated with casts and bas-reliefs containing battle banners, weapons figures of the Soviet Army and women symbolizing glory (work by G.Motovilov). In 1989 the stand-alone structure was built into the Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys.[1]

In 1962, a set of staircases were added to the central hall for a transfer to the newly opened Oktyabrskaya of the Kaluzhskaya Line.

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