Okwanuchu language

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Native toUnited States
Regionnorthern California
Extinct(date missing)
Hokan ?
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)

Okwanuchu is an extinct Shastan language formerly spoken in northern California. Kroeber described the language as "peculiar. Many words are practically pure Shasta; others are distorted to the very verge of recognizability, or utterly different." Golla[2] speculates at length that the language may have mixed in another, non-Shasta language. Du Bois,[3] interviewing a survivor of a group that the Wintu called Waymaq ("north people"), who she believed were probably identical to the Okwanuchu, recorded some words, including atsa ("water").[2] Golla writes that eighteen more words are found, under the name "Wailaki [also meaning 'North People'] on McCloud", in an 1884 work by Jeremiah Curtin; he too recorded atsa ("water"), and five words not found elsewhere in Shastan.[2]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Okwanuchu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ a b c Victor Golla California Indian languages (2011)
  3. ^ Du Bois (1935)
  • Mithun, Marianne (1999), The Languages of Native North America, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

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