Olšany Cemetery

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Olšany Cemetery
Praha, Vinohrady, Olšanské hřbitovy, cesta.jpg
Olšany Cemetery in winter
Olšany Cemetery is located in Czech Republic
Olšany Cemetery
Olšany Cemetery
Details
Established 1680
Location Prague
Country Czech Republic
Coordinates 50°04′50″N 14°28′14″E / 50.080556°N 14.470556°E / 50.080556; 14.470556
Type Public
Style art nouveau
No. of graves 65,000

Olšany Cemeteries (Olšanské hřbitovy in Czech, Wolschan[1][better source needed] in German) is the largest graveyard in Prague, Czech Republic, once having as many as two million burials. The graveyard is particularly noted for its many remarkable art nouveau monuments.[2]

History[edit]

The Olšany Cemeteries were created in 1680 to accommodate plague victims who died en masse in Prague and needed to be buried quickly. In 1787, when the plague again struck the city, Emperor Joseph II banned the burial of bodies within Prague city limits and Olšany Cemeteries were declared the central graveyard for hygiene purposes.[3]

The Olšany necropolis consists of twelve cemeteries, including, i.a., an Orthodox and a tiny Muslim section, the largest Jewish cemetery in the Czech Republic and military burial grounds. Among the thousands of military personnel buried at Olšany, there are Russian soldiers and officers from the Napoleonic Wars, members of the Czechoslovak Legion, Czechoslovak soldiers, officers and pilots who fought at the Eastern and Western Front and in North Africa during the Second World War as well as male and female members of the Soviet and Commonwealth (including British, Canadian, South African, Greek and Turkish Cypriot and Polish) armed forces who died for the freedom of Czechoslovakia in 1944-1945, including POWs. Based on a bilateral agreement, Czech authorities are responsible for the protection of Russian and Soviet military graves at the Czech territory (as the Russian Federation is responsible for protecting Czechoslovak war graves from both World Wars in Russia). The Commonwealth Prague War Cemetery, including 256 graves, was established under the terms of the 1949 War Graves Agreement between the UK and Czechoslovakia and is maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. [1]

There are two ceremonial halls assigned to bid farewell to the deceased; the newer one is located in a building of the Prague's first crematorium. New to the scene is the "Olšany Cemeteries Learning Trail" which is so far mapping the history of three of the oldest sections, also sketching the life stories of some celebrities buried here. Prague's Olšany cemeteries excel in their picturesque style and tranquil nooks, surpassing even Malostranský cemetery and Slavín, being the biggest necropolis in the Czech Republic.[4]

Till this day there is evidence of 230,000 people buried, 65,000 grave sites, 200 chapel graves and six columbariums in Olšany Cemeteries.[5]

Part of the movie Bad Company was filmed in Olšany Cemeteries.

Famous burials[edit]

Tomb of Augustin Vološin, the first and only president of Carpathian Ruthenia
Graves of British Commonwealth service personnel, Olšany Cemetery

Many well-known people are buried at Olšany Cemeteries, including:

Writers, artists, and actors[edit]

Politicians[edit]

Others[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ de:Olšany (Prag)
  2. ^ Marie vitochova Jindrichkjer and Jiri Vsetecka, Prague and Art Nouveau, translation by Denis Rath and Mark Prescott, Prague: V Raji, 1995.
  3. ^ "New Town and Suburbs (Nove Mesto) – Prague Attractions". PlanetWare. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "Beauty and Fame of Olšany Cemeteries (Portal of Prague)". Praha.eu. 8 December 2010. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "Beauty and Fame of Olšany Cemetery". Praha.com. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  6. ^ "Radio Prague: Exhibition at Vitkov Memorial highlights the Klement Gottwald personality cult". 8 March 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2012. 

External links[edit]