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Olaf or Olav (/ˈləf/, /ˈlɑːf/, or British Ōleifr, Anleifr /ˈlæf/; Old Norse: Áleifr, Ólafr) is a Norwegian and Danish given name. It is presumably of Proto-Norse origin, reconstructed as *Anu-laibaz, from anu "ancestor, grand-father" and laibaz "heirloom, descendant". Old English forms are attested as Ǣlāf, Anlāf. The corresponding Old Novgorod dialect form is Uleb. A later English form of the name is Olave.

In the Norwegian language, Olav and Olaf are equally common, but Olav is traditionally used when referring to Norwegian royalty. The Swedish form is Olov or Olof and was borrowed into Old Irish and Scots with the spellings Amlaíb and Amhlaoibh, giving rise to modern version Aulay (see also Mac Amhlaoibh and Mac Amhalghaidh (Irish septs)). The name is Latinized as Olaus.

Notable people[edit]



Not all the following were strictly Norse-Gaels, but they share the most common Norse-Gaelic names.

Mann and the Isles[edit]

  • Olaf I of Mann, also called Olaf Godredsson (c. 1080–1153)
  • Olaf II the Black, also called Olaf Godredsson (1173/4–1237), King of Mann and the Isles 1229–1237.

Novgorod Republic (in Russia)[edit]

Modern people[edit]

Fictional characters[edit]

  • Count Olaf, a fictional character and the main antagonist in the series of novels A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket
  • Olaf, a fictional character in Jungle Jam and Friends: The Radio Show!
  • Olaf (Disney), a fictional anthropomorphic snowman in the 2013 film Frozen
  • Olaf, the Berserker, a character in the action real-time strategy PC game League of Legends
  • Olaf "the Stout", a fictional character in the video game series The Lost Vikings
  • Olaf the Troll, a fictional character in the TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer
  • Olaf, one of Snoopy's siblings in Peanuts
  • Olaf Potato, a fictional anthropomorphic potato in the British animated short series Small Potatoes
  • Olaf the Smug Anteater, a fictional character from Animal Crossing: New Leaf
  • Olaf the Lofty, a fictional inventor from Noggin the Nog

Septs and clans[edit]

See also[edit]