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Olaf or Olav (/ˈləf/, /ˈlɑːf/, or British Ōleifr, Anleifr /ˈlæf/; Old Norse: Áleifr, Ólafr) is a Scandinavian, German and Dutch given name. It is presumably of Proto-Norse origin, reconstructed as *Anu-laibaz, from anu "ancestor, grand-father" and laibaz "heirloom, descendant". Old English forms are attested as Ǣlāf, Anlāf. The corresponding Old Novgorod dialect form is Uleb.

In Norwegian, Olav and Olaf are historically equally common, but Olav is traditionally used when referring to Norwegian royalty of that name. The Swedish form is Olov or Olof. The name was borrowed into Old Irish and Scots spelled Amlaíb and Amhlaoibh, giving rise to modern Aulay (see also Mac Amhlaoibh and Mac Amhalghaidh (Irish septs)). The name is Latinized as Olaus.

Medieval bearers[edit]

Norse (Scandinavia):

Norse-Gaelic: Not all the following were strictly Norse-Gaels, but simply share one of the most common Norse-Gaelic names.

Of Mann and the Isles:

  • Olaf I of Mann, also called Olaf Godredsson (c. 1080–1153)
  • Olaf II the Black, also called Olaf Godredsson (1173/4–1237), King of Mann and the Isles 1229–1237.
Novgorod Republic (in Russia)

Septs and clans[edit]

Modern people[edit]

Fictional characters[edit]