Olara A. Otunnu is a Ugandan politician, diplomat, and lawyer. He was President of the Uganda People's Congress (UPC), a political party, from 2010 to 2015 and stood as the party's candidate in the 2011 presidential election. Otunnu was Uganda's Permanent Representative to the United Nations from 1980 to 1985 and served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1985 to 1986. Later, he was President of the International Peace Academy from 1990 to 1998, and he was an Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations and Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict from 1997 to 2005.
He received his early education at Mvara, Mucwini, and Anaka primary schools. He received his secondary education at Gulu High School and King's College Budo. He then attended Makerere University, where he was president of the Students' Guild. Throughout his time as a student, he played an integral role leading the resistance movement against the Idi Amin regime, co-founding and serving as Secretary General of the Uganda Freedom Union, an organization that brought a number of patriotic Ugandans together in the struggle against Amin. Facing increasing threats from the government, Otunnu was forced into exile in 1973, evading arrest and escaping the country into Nairobi, Kenya. There, he received an Overseas Scholarship to attend Oxford University. In 1976, he attended Harvard Law School under a Fulbright Scholarship.
From 1980 to 1985, Otunnu served as Uganda's representative at the United Nations. In 1980, he was appointed Uganda's permanent representative at the UN by President Milton Obote. During this period, he served in a variety of major roles. In 1981, he was named president of the UN Security Council, where he presided over the election of Secretary General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar and invented the system of straw balloting commonly known as the Otunnu Formula still in use today. From 1982 to 1983, he served as Vice President of the UN General Assembly, as well as Chairman of the Contact Group on Global Negotiations. The following year he worked as the Chairman of the UN Commission on Human Rights.
Otunnu was appointed President of the International Peace Institute in 1990, and served in that role until 1998, transforming the profile of the organization, attracting major new funding, and expanding its operations.
Otunnu was appointed by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan as Under-Secretary General and Special Representative for Children in Armed Conflict on 19 August 1997, taking office on 1 September 1997.
Otunnu ran in 2010 to succeed Miria Obote, wife of former President Milton Obote, as president of the UPC. On 14 May, he defeated her son, Jimmy Akena, at a UPC delegates conference. UPC nominated him in November 2010 as its presidential candidate. On election day in 2011, however, he refused to vote, even for himself. He received 1.58 percent of the vote.
Awards and nominations
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Otunnu has received several major international awards, including the Distinguished Service Award from the United Nations Association of the United States of America (2001); German Africa Prize (2002); the Sydney Peace Prize (2005); and the Global Award for Outstanding Contribution to Human Rights (India, 2006). In 2007, he received the Harvard Law School Association Award, presented by its president Jay H. Hebert and Elena Kagan (an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States).
Otunnu serves a variety of advisory roles at an array of civic organizations, including: trustee at the Aspen Institute, juror at the McNulty Foundation, adviser to Aspen France, Aspen Italia, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Hilton Humanitarian Prize, the International Selection Commission of the Philadelphia Liberty Medal, the International Crisis Group (ICG), the Council of African Advisers of the World Bank, the Advisory Committee of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), and founder of the LBL Foundation for Children.
- Edris Kiggundu, "How Otunnu lost control of UPC", The Observer, 6 March 2015, accessed 29 June 2015.
- "Olara A. Otunnu (Cote d'Ivoire), Secretary-General's Special Representative for Children in Armed Conflict", United Nations press release, SG/A/655, BIO/3110, 10 October 1997.
- "2005 Sydney Peace Prize awarded to United Nations Advocate for Children", University of Sydney, 9 May 2005.
- "Annan compliments departing Olara Otunnu for raising profile of children in war", UN Daily News, issue DH/4447, 1 August 2005.
- "Profile: Olara Otunnu". BBC: Profiles. BBC News. Archived from the original on 8 May 2002. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Otunnu rubs Amin regime the wrong way, flees into exile amid". Daily Monitor. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
- "Olara Otunnu receives Harvard Law School Association Award". News & Events. June 14, 2007. Harvard Law School. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
- "UPC President Olara Otunnu". www.upcparty.info. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
- "Mission & History". International Peace Institute. 1 January 1970. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
- Election for President, Republic of Uganda, 18 February 2011, Election Guide - International Foundation for Electoral Systems, accessed 30 June 2015
- Kagan, Elena. "Questionnaire For Nominee for the Supreme Court" (PDF). Bipartisan questionnaire by Senate Judiciary Committee chairman Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.) and Ranking Member Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.). United States Senate Judiciary Committee. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 January 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- Hébert, Jay H. "Report of the President, 2006–2008". Speech. Harvard Law School Association. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
- "Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court – Elena Kagan". Nominations & Confirmations. United States Senate Judiciary Committee. Retrieved 8 November 2011.