Old Age Security

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Old Age Security (OAS) (SV; French: Sécurité de la vieillesse) program is a universal retirement pension available to most residents and citizens of Canada who have reached 65 years old. This pension is supplemented by the Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS), which is added to the monthly OAS payment for seniors with lower incomes. Some low-income spouses and survivors of OAS recipients are eligible to receive an income-tested allowance while they are aged 60 to 64.

Legal foundation[edit]

Old Age Security (OAS) is a monthly payment available to qualifying citizens and permanent residents of Canada who are 65 years old and older. Authorized by Section 94A of the Constitution Act of 1867,[1] the program is defined by the Old Age Security Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. O-9).[2] Implementation is the responsibility of the Minister of Employment and Social Development (ESDC).[3] Administration is performed by Service Canada through offices across Canada.[4]

Enrollment and eligibility[edit]

Prior to 2013, a person needed to apply to Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC)[5] and meet the eligibility criteria to receive benefits. Since 2013, the enrollment process has become increasingly automatic as Service Canada are now permitted to use data from Income Tax files.[6] For persons who are not enrolled automatically, a manual application process remains in place.[5]

Eligibility for Old Age Security is straightforward for most Canadians. Persons who have lived outside of Canada can refer to official documentation for details including residency requirements and a list of reciprocal agreements with other countries which may allow pooling of residency periods to increase eligibility for Canadian or foreign pension rights.[7]

Low-income OAS recipients may apply for an additional amount in the form of the Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS). A domestic partner's income affects the income threshold and payout.[8]


The pension is paid monthly, on the third business day from the end of the current month. In December, the payment is made about one week earlier than other months. The Government prefers to use Direct Deposit, which has been observed to be consistently executed shortly after midnight Pacific time. This is an unpublished operational detail that ensures all Canadians receive these payments at the same time, regardless of their time zone of residence. There is an official Government of Canada schedule that does not specify the time of day.[9]

The OAS and GIS payment amounts are affected by the age and marital status of the recipient.[10] Amounts are reviewed at the beginning of each calendar quarter, compared to the Consumer Price Index and increased as appropriate.[11]


The OAS payout is subject to the pension recovery tax[12] when the Canada Revenue Agency determines that the recipient's taxable income is greater than 80% of Canadians.[13]

The GIS is not taxed.[8] The amount must still be reported in an income tax filing[14] where it becomes a tax deductible.[15]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Constitution Act of 1867". Justice Laws Website. Canadian Department of Justice. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  2. ^ "Old Age Security Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. O-9)". Justice Laws Website. Canadian Department of Justice. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  3. ^ "Employment and Social Development Canada". www.canada.ca. 2020-09-24. Retrieved 2021-08-28.
  4. ^ "Service Canada". www.canada.ca. 2020-11-12. Retrieved 2021-08-28.
  5. ^ a b "Old Age Security: Your application". www.canada.ca. 2015-10-29. Retrieved 2021-08-28.
  6. ^ "Backgrounder: Old Age Security (OAS) automatic enrolment". www.canada.ca. 2018-01-09. Retrieved 2021-08-28.
  7. ^ "Canada's international social security agreements". www.canada.ca. 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2021-08-28.
  8. ^ a b "Guaranteed Income Supplement". www.canada.ca. 2023-04-19. Retrieved 2023-04-27.
  9. ^ "Benefits payment dates". www.canada.ca. 2015-05-06. Retrieved 2021-08-28.
  10. ^ "Table of benefit amounts by marital status and income level: Old Age Security Pension, Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS) Allowance, Allowance for the Survivor = Tableau des montants des prestations..." Government of Canada. 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2023-04-27.
  11. ^ "Statistics related to the Old Age Security Program and the Canada Pension Plan". www.canada.ca. 2016-02-03. Retrieved 2021-08-28.
  12. ^ "Old Age Security pension recovery tax". www.canada.ca. 2015-10-30. Retrieved 2021-08-28.
  13. ^ "Canada Revenue Agency". www.canada.ca. 2020-10-01. Retrieved 2021-08-28.
  14. ^ "T4A(OAS), Statement of Old Age Security". www.canada.ca. 2022-04-05. Retrieved 2023-04-26.
  15. ^ "Line 25000 – Other payments deduction". www.canada.ca. 2023-01-24. Retrieved 2023-04-26.