Old Anatolian Turkish

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Old Anatolian Turkish
Native to Sultanate of Rum, Anatolian beyliks
Era Arrived in Anatolia late 11th century. Developed into Early Ottoman Turkish c. 15th century[1]
Ottoman Turkish alphabet augmented with ḥarakāt[1]
Official status
Official language in
Karamanid Dynasty flag.svg Karamanids[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3
1ca Old Anatolian Turkish
Glottolog None

Old Anatolian Turkish[3] (Modern Turkish: Eski Anadolu Türkçesi) is the stage in the history of the Turkish language spoken in Anatolia from the 11th to 15th centuries. It developed into Early Ottoman Turkish. It was written in the Arabic script. Unlike in later Ottoman Turkish, short-vowel diacritics were used.[4]

Despite this, it had no official status until in 1277, Mehmet I of Karaman declared a firman:


Old Anatolian Turkish Ottoman Turkish
(Kamus-ı Türkî spelling)
Modern Turkish English
گُزلٔر‎ گوزلر‎ Közler (Gözler) "Eyes"
دَدَ‎ دده‎ Dede "Grandfather"
كُچُك‎ كوچك‎ Küçük "Little"


Letter Modern Turkish Letter Modern Turkish
ا ‎ a, e, i ص ‎ s
ب ‎ b ض ‎ d
پ‎ p ط ‎ t
ت‎ t ظ‎ z
ث ‎ s ع ‎ a
ج ‎ c غ‎ ğ, g
چ‎ ç ف ‎ f
ح ‎ h ق ‎ k
خ ‎ h ك ‎ k
د ‎ d ل ‎ l
ذ ‎ d, z م ‎ m
ر ‎ r ن ‎ n
ز ‎ z و ‎ o, ö, u, ü, v
ژ ‎ j ه ‎ h
س ‎ s لا ‎ la, le
ش ‎ ş ى ‎ i, y, ı

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Old Anatolian Turkish at MultiTree on the Linguist List
  2. ^ http://www.kimkimdir.gen.tr/kimkimdir.php?id=1547
  3. ^ Excerpt from Britannica Entry "..so-called Old Anatolian Turkish.."
  4. ^ Ergin, Muharrem, Osmanlıca Dersleri, BOĞAZİÇİ YAYINLARI, ISBN 975-451-053-9[page needed]
  5. ^ Culture and Tourism Ministry Karaman page (in Turkish) Archived August 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Tevârih-i Âl-i Selçuk