Old Basing

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Old Basing
The-Street-Old-Basing.jpg
The Street, Old Basing
Old Basing is located in Hampshire
Old Basing
Old Basing
Location within Hampshire
Population7,232 
OS grid referenceSU664528
• London49.6 miles (79.8 km)
Civil parish
  • Old Basing and Lychpit
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBasingstoke
Postcode districtRG24
Dialling code01256
PoliceHampshire
FireHampshire and Isle of Wight
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
51°16′13″N 1°02′50″W / 51.2704°N 1.0473°W / 51.2704; -1.0473Coordinates: 51°16′13″N 1°02′50″W / 51.2704°N 1.0473°W / 51.2704; -1.0473

Old Basing is a village in Hampshire, England, just east of Basingstoke. It was called Basengum in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and Basinges in the Domesday Book.

Etymology[edit]

The root Bas derives from the Latin word basilīa - the nominative/accusative/vocative plural of basilīum - a Latinized form of the Ancient Greek word βᾰσίλειον. In its original form it meant a palace or royal treasury but later came to be associated with any royal or princely ornament. The suffix -ingas is the Latinized version of inge, an ethnonym for the Ingaevones, a West Germanic cultural group living along the North Sea coast in the areas of Jutland, Holstein, and Frisia in classical antiquity.[1] The adjective Old [a] was added sometime after the Norman Conquest to distinguish it from nearby Basingstoke.

History[edit]

Old Basing was first settled in the sixth century by a proto-Anglo-Saxon tribe known as the Basingas.[b] In the ninth century it was a royal estate and it was the site of the Battle of Basing on or about 22 January 871 AD, when a Viking army defeated King Æthelred of Wessex and his brother, the future King Alfred the Great.[2] It is also mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 AD.

The centre of the village, The Street, contains many old houses, and St Mary's Church. The River Loddon, whose source is in Worting to the west of Basingstoke, flows through the village. Old Basing is perhaps best known for the ruins of Basing House which was built between 1532 and 1561 on the site of a Norman castle. It was the home of the Marquesses of Winchester for several generations before being destroyed after a 24-week siege during the English Civil War. Many names in modern Old Basing allude to the war, such as Cavalier Road and Musket Copse, as well as several sites named after Oliver Cromwell including Oliver's Battery and Cromwell Cottage. Oliver's, a fish and chip takeaway and restaurant is named after Les Oliver who opened the restaurant in 1974.

The route of the former Basingstoke Canal also ran around Basing House and then through and around parts of Old Basing.

In the 1980s, the Lychpit estate was developed to the north of the village, within the boundaries of the civil parish. In 2006, the name of the civil parish was changed to "Old Basing and Lychpit".

Governance[edit]

The village of Old Basing is part of the civil parish of Old Basing and Lychpit[3] which in turn is part of the Basing ward of Basingstoke and Deane borough council.[4] The borough council is a Non-metropolitan district of Hampshire County Council.

The Basing ward elects three councillors to Basingstoke and Deane Borough Council and is part of the Basingstoke constituency in elections to Parliament. The current Member of Parliament for Basingstoke is Maria Miller (Conservative) and the current councillors are Onnalee Cubitt (Independent), Stephen Marks (Conservative) and Sven Godesen (Conservative).

Entrance gate to the Basing House ruins, Old Basing.

Education[edit]

Old Basing provides both an infant school and a junior school. The junior school, named St Mary's, is aided by the Church of England. A new primary school has recently opened in nearby Lychpit. There are a variety of secondary schools in the Basingstoke area.

Sport[edit]

Old Basing Rovers F.C., founded in 2017, is the local football team and successor to the original Basing Rovers football team founded in 1886 and dissolved in the 1990s.[5] The Recreation Ground in Old Basing is used for a variety of sporting events as well as the Old Basing Carnival. There are rugby union and football pitches which overlap a cricket ground in addition to five tennis courts, an archery area and a lawn bowling green.

Literature[edit]

Edward Lear makes reference to Old Basing in his Book of Nonsense:[6]

There was an Old Person of Basing,
Whose presence of mind was amazing;
He purchased a steed,
Which he rode at full speed,
And escaped from the people of Basing.

People[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The word derives from Middle English. Its predecessor was Eald in Old English.
  2. ^ The Basingas were an amalgam of Gallic Rauraci and Ingaevonic Alemanni who originated from Basel-Münsterhügel, the site of a Roman fortification built upon an abandoned Iron Age (late La Tène) oppidum known as Basel oppidum. The settlement was named by conquering West Saxon tribes sometime in the seventh century.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Settlement names in -inge". Names in Denmark. Department of Nordic Research. 15 July 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  2. ^ Abels, Richard (1998). Alfred the Great: War, Kingship and Culture in Anglo-Saxon England. Harlow, UK: Longman. p. 131. ISBN 0-582-04047-7.
  3. ^ "Hampshire County Council's legal record of public rights of way in Hampshire" (PDF). 2008. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
  4. ^ "Basingstoke and Deane Wards info". 2010. Archived from the original on 24 October 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
  5. ^ "About Us". Old Basing Rovers FC.
  6. ^ Lear, Edward (1846). A Book of Nonsense. London: Thomas McLean.

External links[edit]