Old Brick Church (Fairfield County, South Carolina)
Ebenezer Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church
Ebenezer Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church (Old Brick Church)
|Nearest city||Jenkinsville, South Carolina|
|NRHP reference #||71000775 |
|Added to NRHP||August 19, 1971|
Old Brick Church, which is also known as Ebenezer Associate Reformed Presbyterian (ARP) Church or First Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church is a church built in 1788 about 4 mi (6 km) north of Jenkinsville on SC 213 in Fairfield County, South Carolina. It was named to the National Register of Historic Places on August 19, 1971. It is one of the few 18th-century churches surviving in the South Carolina midlands.
In the 1770s, Presbyterian settlers from Scotland and Ireland built a log church. This was replaced by a brick church on the Little River in 1788. This church is a simple, rectangular, brick building with a gabled roof. The bricks were handmade by members of the congregation. The church has straight-back, wooden pews. There is a dais pulpit against the east wall that is three steps above floor level. The dais has a bible stand and has rails on the two sides. On the west end, there is a slave gallery. In 1852, a stone wall was built around the church and cemetery.
Pastors of the church include James Rogers (1791–1830), James Boyce (1832–1843), Thomas Ketchin (1844–1852), C.B. Betts (1855–1869), Allen Grier Kirkpatrick (1896–1899).
On May 9, 1803, the church was used for a meeting of ministers and church elders that resulted in the formation of the Associate Reformed Synod of the Carolinas. Although not the first Associate Reformed Church in South Carolina, Old Brick Church is considered the "mother church" or "birthplace" of the ARP Church in South Carolina.
The church grew in the period of before the Civil War. But many of its male congregants enlisted in the Confederate Army once war began in 1861. Several are buried in the church graveyard. During the war, Union Army soldiers used part of the floor to reconstruct a bridge over the Little River. There is a pencilled apology on an interior wall that was left by soldier "Citizens of this community: Please excuse us for defacing your house of worship, so much. It was absolutely necessary to effect a crossing over the creek, the Rebs had destroyed the bridge. A Yankee."
After the war, the church congregation shrank. After Rev. Betts resigned in 1869, the church had infrequent supply pastors, but it eventually disappeared from the Presbytery rolls. In the 1891, the church was revived by Rev. A. G. Kirkpatrick, who was pastor in another church. In 1893, it was reorganized on August 25, 1893. In 1896, Kirkpatrick became its pastor.
In the 1920s, the congregation moved to a new building. Old Brick Church is used for special services. Although it does not have an active congregation, the Catawba Presbytery of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church put Old Brick Church back on the rolls as a house of worship in 1973. In 2007, the Old Brick Church Commission was appointed to care for the church and its cemetery.
The site was made a historical marker in 1962 by Fairfield County Chamber of Commerce. The historical marker is located near Jenkinsville Fairfield County South Carolina on Monjicono Road. The historical marker sets a point in history where religion was brought to the area and represents an important place during the American Civil War. The marker is also a record of time which the rock wall was added in 1852 
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
- "Ebenezer A. R. P. Church, Fairfield County (S.C. Hwy. 213, Jenkinsville vicinity)". National Register Places in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- "Ebenezer Associate Reform Presbyterian Church (Old Brick Church)" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. 25 February 1971. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- Edgar, Walter (1998). South Carolina: A History. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press. pp. 34, 316, 681. ISBN 1-57003-255-6.
- Pittenger, Nancy; Power, J. Tracy (5 April 1988). "First Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church". Architectural Data Form, Historic American Buildings Survey. National Park Service. Retrieved 25 March 2009.
- Bolick (1963). Fairfield Sketchbook. Clinton, South Carolina: Jacobs Brothers. pp. 232–234.
- Bigham, John (August 1974). "The Old Brick Church". Sandlapper. Columbia, South Carolina: Greystone Publishers. 7 (8): 49–50. ISSN 0036-4290.
- Federal Writer's Program of the Works Progress Administration (1941). South Carolina: A Guide to the Palmetto State. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 431. ISBN 1-60354-039-3.
- Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church (1905). The Centennial History of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church" 1803-1903. Charleston, South Carolina: Presses of Walker, Evans & Cogswell Co. pp. 428–432.
- "Historic Preservation News and Notes". S.C. Department of Archives and History. 22 April 2008. Archived from the original on March 22, 2010. Retrieved 24 March 2009.
- "Minutes of the Catawba Presbytery, Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church, 2007-2008" (doc). Catawba Presbytery, Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church. Retrieved 24 March 2009.
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. SC-157, "First Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church, State Route 213, Jenkinsville, Fairfield County, SC", 17 photos, 3 data pages, 1 photo caption page
- Old Brick Church of Fairfield County SC at Roots & Recall