Liter glass bottle of Old Forester
|Country of origin||Kentucky, United States|
|Alcohol by volume||43.00%|
Old Forester is a brand of Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey produced by the Brown-Forman Corporation. It is officially the longest running Bourbon on the market today (approximately 145 years as of 2016), and was the first bourbon sold exclusively in sealed bottles. It was first bottled and marketed in 1870 by the former pharmaceutical salesman turned bourbon-merchant George Garvin Brown – the founder of the Brown-Forman Corporation (whose descendants still manage the company). During the Prohibition period from 1920 to 1933, it was one of only 10 brands authorized for lawful production (for medicinal purposes).
Old Forester is produced under the supervision of Master Distiller Chris Morris (as of 2006) at the Brown-Forman distillery in Shively, Kentucky (which is located directly adjacent to the pre-merger Southwest boundary of Louisville) using a mash bill of 72% corn (maize), 18% rye, and 10% malted barley (the same mash bill used for Woodford Reserve). Its mash bill has been described as "pretty standard" and "richer in rye than most bourbons".
Bottling variations include Old Forester Classic (86 proof / 43% abv, 4 years old), Old Forester Signature (100 proof / 50% abv), and Old Forester Birthday Bourbon (introduced in 2002, 95 proof / 47.5% abv in 2010 bottling).
When the product was introduced in the 1870s, bottles of Old Forester were sealed as a way to guard against adulteration and substitution of the contents, and were initially sold in pharmacies as a medicinal product. The innovation introduced with Old Forester was not that it was available in such bottles, but that it was the first bourbon to be exclusively available in this fashion – providing a greater level of assurance of quality for that brand relative to other products in the market. This innovation was enabled and further fueled by emerging advances in the mass production of glass bottles, such as those soon to be developed by Michael Owens. The sealed bottle approach was popular with doctors and with the pharmacists that sold the product, and their approval was touted in advertisements of the product to the general public.
Originally, the product name was spelled "Old Forrester", with a double "r". The product is reported to have been named after a physician Dr. William Forrester who endorsed its consumption, and the renaming is conjectured to have been a way to avoid direct reference to the physician's name. Originally formed by George Garvin Brown and his half-brother John Thompson Street Brown (J.T.S. Brown, who would also later figure into the history of the Four Roses Distillery and inspire the naming of a brand of bourbon produced by Heaven Hill Distilleries), the company that produces the product was originally registered as J.T.S. Brown & Bro., and became Brown-Forman in 1902 after several partnerships and name changes involving partners James Thompson (who was also involved in the Glenmore Distillery Company and created the Old Thompson brand), Henry Chambers, and George Forman. George Garvin Brown became sole owner by 1902, and although Brown-Forman is now a publicly traded company on the New York Stock Exchange, the Brown family still controls more than 70% of the voting shares (as of 2010).
To produce his Old Forester product, Brown would initially purchase whiskies from distillers such as John Atherton and Ben Mattingly, and blend them together. In 1902, he then purchased Mattingly's distillery in the town of Saint Mary in Marion County, Kentucky.
Until Prohibition in the United States began in 1920, Old Forester was the leading brand produced by Brown's company. Since then, other brands acquired later by the company, such as Early Times (purchased in 1923, which became America's best-selling bourbon and maintained high sales for 30 years), and Jack Daniel's (purchased in 1956 and as of 2007 the best-selling whiskey of any kind in the world), have become its leading products.
In August 2016, Old Forester announced the release of its 115-proof 1920 Prohibition Style bourbon.
Awards, recognitions, and reviews
Some awards and recognitions for the brand include the following:
- Old Forester Birthday Bourbon (95 proof / 47.5% abv in 2010 bottling, brand variation introduced in 2002):
- San Francisco World Spirits Competition: "best bourbon" award 2012, "double gold medal" award 2003 and 2012, "gold medal" award 2006 and 2007, "silver medal" award 2005.
- Rating in 90+ Percentile—Best Whiskies indicated by Proof66.com
- "Best bourbon aged under 10 years" in Jim Murray's Whisky Bible 2006 (ISBN 1-84442-550-9): 2005
- Rated 91 on a 100-point scale (with the range 90–94 being referred to as "Outstanding! One of the best for its style. Distinctive.") by John Hansell of Malt Advocate Magazine: 2010
- Named an "American Whiskey of the Year" at Malt Advocate WhiskyFest New York 2007
- Other recognitions by USA Today, Whisky Magazine, Spirit Journal, and Santé
- Old Forester Signature (100 proof / 50% abv):
- San Francisco World Spirits Competition: "gold medal" award 2003, "double gold medal" award 2004 and 2012, "best bourbon of show" award 2004.
- "Love Life. Sip Responsibly". Old Forester. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
- Review: Old Forester Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey, Charles K. Cowdery, The Bourbon Country Reader, Vol. 4, No. 3. May 1999. (Accessed February 2011)
- Old Forester To Release Repeal Bourbon, Brown-Forman press release, June 17, 2008. (Accessed February 2011)
- American Whiskey: Annual Filson Historic Society Fundraiser – Old Forester Bourbon - A Taste of Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow, EllenJaye.com, August 24, 2006. (Accessed February 2011)
- Jason Pyle, Old Forester Bourbon Review, May 31, 2011.
- BourbonEnthusiast.com Old Forester 86 proof (Accessed February 2011)
- Brown-Forman Co., Louisville, KY, 1870–1919 (Accessed February 2011)
- "Corporations: Slight Change of Recipe". Time. August 5, 1966. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
- "Brown-Forman - Company Overview - Hoover's". Hoovers.com. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
- Saint Mary, Kentucky, University of Kentucky, Kentucky Atlas & Gazetteer. (Accessed February 2011)
- Brown-Forman Corporation – The Early Times Distillery, Shively, Kentucky, September 14, 2000. (Accessed February 2011)
- The Chuck Cowdery Blog – Jack Daniel's Is the Best-Selling Whiskey in the World, November 16, 2007. (Accessed February 2011)
- Patton, Janet (August 18, 2016). "Old Forester bourbon releasing Prohibition-era version". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved March 16, 2017.
- The San Francisco World Spirits Competition (Accessed January 2011)
- Proof66 Summary Page for Old Forester http://www.proof66.com/whiskey/old-forester-birthday-bourbon.html
- Review: Old Forester Birthday Bourbon, John Hansell, Malt Advocate, September 14, 2010. (Accessed February 2011)
- "Wine Enthusiast". 13 (1–7). 2000.
- Murphy, Morgan; Editors of Southern Living magazine (2014). Southern Living Bourbon & Bacon: The Ultimate Guide to the South's Favorite Foods. Oxmoor House. ISBN 978-0848743161.