Old Hatfield

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Old Hatfield
'Horse And Groom' public house on Park Street, Old Hatfield - geograph.org.uk - 1340063.jpg
Horse And Groom' public house on Park Street, Old Hatfield
Old Hatfield is located in Hertfordshire
Old Hatfield
Old Hatfield
Old Hatfield shown within Hertfordshire
OS grid referenceTL2308
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHatfield
Postcode districtAL9
PoliceHertfordshire
FireHertfordshire
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire
51°45′44″N 0°12′50″W / 51.7621°N 0.2139°W / 51.7621; -0.2139Coordinates: 51°45′44″N 0°12′50″W / 51.7621°N 0.2139°W / 51.7621; -0.2139

Old Hatfield, sometimes called Bishops Hatfield, is a historic village in Hertfordshire, England. It is in the town of Hatfield.

It grew up on the Great North Road , one days journey from London by horse or coach and once had many coaching inns. It was a convenient place for the Bishops of Ely to have a lodging, giving access to both the cathedral in Ely to the north and the capital to the south. A village grew up adjacent to the estate of Bishops palace. The parish church of St Etheldreda's Church, Hatfield was named by the Bishops after their patron saint Æthelthryth .[1][2][3]

A market was once held in Fore Street.

When Hatfield was developed as a new town after World War Two, Old Hatfield was deliberately left unspoilt by development and through traffic and so retains an historic feel.

History[edit]

Old Hatfield is the result of the houses and farms which have been established near a place of worship featured by a few religious buildings by the Monks . In fact, in 970, King Edgar the Peaceful and his wife had inherited the estate from Æthelflaed 's parents. The place is very attractive, there are arable lands, forests and a river , some marshes bring a natural boundary against enemy. They give it to the Monks against the promise to build a church.[4]

Sainte Ethelreda 's church

Over the years, needs evolve at the same time as a village gets bigger and grows up with new religious buildings. Over the years, and during 4 centuries, successively the site has belonged to the Monks, to the Abbots and to the Bishop of Ely until John Morton (cardinal) who builds there in 1485, near a parish church named St Etheldreda what is going to become Bishop Hatfield.[5]

Hatfield Palace

The construction made of red bricks bearing a timber roof, according to medieval architectur style, is a quadrilater featured by four wings with a yard inside. It is known that the estate is attending by the royal family since Henry VII of England and later his son, Henry VIII of England who decide to use the manor as the royal nursery. In 1538, he exchange the estate with Thomas Goodrich, Bishop 's Ely, against bishoprics located in Cambridgeshire and Essex that he had seized before during Reform 's very first laws. Then all Tudor 's dynastie will attend this manor, then better known as Hatfield Palace. Dynastie Stuart 's first member, James VI and I, in 1607, exchange Hatfield Palace against Theobalds House, Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury 's house.

North facing view of Hatfield House

He decide to wreck three wings of the building and use the bricks to construct Cecil 's new house which will name as Hatfield House, a jacobean architectur style 's construction.[6] Today, both buildings, grade I listed building, with parks and Elizabeth 's Knot Garden are open to the public and can be visited, in the near of Hatfield 's city. [7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parishes: Hatfield | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. 1912. Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  2. ^ "Bishop's Hatfield | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. 1910. Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  3. ^ (www.communitysites.co.uk), Community Sites. "First published in the Bishops Hatfield Parish Magazine (May-June) 1904 | Hatfield As It was Five Hundred Years Ago | AD1501-1900 | History of Hatfield | Our Hatfield". www.ourhatfield.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  4. ^ [ https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/herts/vol3/pp91-111#h2-0001 | British History Academy]
  5. ^ [ https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/herts/vol3/pp91-111#h2-0001 | British History Academy]
  6. ^ [ https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/herts/vol3/pp91-111#h2-0001 | British History Academy]
  7. ^ [ http://www.hatfield-house.co.uk/house-park-garden/the-house/the-old-palace/ | Hatfield Palace]

Media related to Old Hatfield at Wikimedia Commons