Proto-Indo-Aryan language

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Proto-Indo-Aryan (sometimes Proto-Indic) is the reconstructed proto-language of the Indo-Aryan languages of South Asia.[1] It is intended to reconstruct the language of the Proto-Indo-Aryans. It is descended from Proto-Indo-Iranian and Proto-Indo-European.[2] It is a Satem language.[3]


Main article: Indo-Aryan languages

Proto-Indo-Aryan is meant to be the predecessor of Old Indo-Aryan (1500 – 300 BCE) which is directly attested as Vedic and Classical Sanskrit. Indeed, Vedic Sanskrit is very close to Proto-Indo-Aryan, as it is the Vedas, the foundational texts of Hinduism.[4]

The Prakrits are also similar to Proto-Indo-Aryan.

Today, several Modern Indo-Aryan languages are extant.


  1. ^ Cardona, George; Jain, Dhanesh. The Indo-Aryan Languages. Retrieved 24 October 2015. 
  2. ^ "ARYANS – Encyclopedia Iranica". Encyclopedia Iranica. Retrieved 23 October 2015. 
  3. ^ Wheeler, L. Kip. "The Indo-European Family of Languages". Dr. Wheeler's Website. Retrieved 12 November 2015. 
  4. ^ see e.g. Radhakrishnan & Moore 1957, p. 3; Witzel, Michael, "Vedas and Upaniṣads", in: Flood 2003, p. 68; MacDonell 2004, pp. 29–39; Sanskrit literature (2003) in Philip's Encyclopedia. Accessed 2007-08-09

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