Old Kilpatrick and the Kilpatrick Hills, seen across the Forth and Clyde Canal
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Old Kilpatrick (Scots: Auld Kilpaitrick, Scottish Gaelic: Cille Phàdraig meaning "Patrick's church"), is a village in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland. It has an estimated population of 4,820. It belonged to the parish of Old Kilpatrick which itself was only a few thousand people strong.
The Forth and Clyde Canal separates Old Kilpatrick from the north bank of the River Clyde which is just a few metres beyond it to the south. The village is about 3 miles (5 km) west of Clydebank, on the road west to Dumbarton where some say the river becomes the Firth of Clyde. The Great Western Road runs through the village whose immediate western neighbour, on the road and the canal, is Bowling, where the Forth and Clyde Canal meets the river. The modern A82 road runs to the north, between the village and the foot of the Kilpatrick Hills. In the 19th century it was described as being essentially a single street. It's possible the birthplace of Saint Patrick was near Old Kilpatrick.
The western end of the Antonine Wall is at Old Kilpatrick; the eastern end, 59 km distant, is at Bridgeness, to the east in Bo'ness on the Firth of Forth. The route was surveyed during the 18th century, and traced to the Chapel Hill, where various Roman artefacts were found.
In 1790, when the Forth and Clyde Canal was being constructed, the remains of a bathhouse were discovered. In 1913 the foundations of the fort, which had been conjectured as being in the vicinity, were confirmed. In 1923, during redevelopment of the area, significant archaeology was undertaken which established the size and nature of the Roman Fort. The fort, built around 81 AD, occupied an area of about four acres and was enclosed by an outer defensive wall. If the date is correct, it shows that the fort preceded the Antonine Wall by some sixty years. Internally, buildings discovered included a praetorium (headquarters), barracks and a granary. Sir George Macdonald also wrote about the excavations. Major development precluded further significant excavation, and nothing is visible of the remains today; the remains lie beneath the houses of Gavinburn Gardens to the east, a large commercial building to the west and the A814 road to the north. Finds from Old Kilpatrick include several distance slabs. One distance slab by the Twentieth Legion is known to have been completed before 1684. It depicts Victory with a palm-branch in one hand and a garland in the other. It was found at Ferrydyke on the Clyde's northern bank and records the completion of 4411 feet; the last 3 Roman numerals are the same as the remaining ones on the other damaged distance slab (RIB 2206). The slabs along with many other finds from Old Kilpatrick are now kept at the Hunterian Museum in Glasgow. For example, 19 coins have been found as well as a beaker. On 3 December 1969 a Roman votive altar was found at Old Kilpatrick. It has been scanned and a video produced. The inscription mentions the First Cohort of Baetasians, previously known to have been at Bar Hill, and also a centurion from The First Legion (Italica).
The parish system was introduced to Scotland in the 13th century. In about 1227, the church and lands of Kilpatrick were given to Paisley Abbey by Maldowen, Earl of Lennox. The parish remained under the supervision of the Abbey until the Reformation in 1560.
At the Dissolution, the Church property fell into the possession of Lord Sempill. Eventually the lands were conferred on Claude Hamilton (a boy of ten), founder of the Abercorn family. His son James Hamilton was created Lord Abercorn on 5 April 1603, then on 10 July 1606 he was made Earl of Abercorn and Lord of Paisley, Hamilton, Mountcastell and Kilpatrick.
Kilpatrick was split into two parishes - Old (Wester or West) and New Kilpatrick (also known as Easter or East) by an Act of Parliament on 16 February 1649. This division is unusual because this was a split of both the ecclesiastical and civil parishes and the wealth and stipend of the original parish was shared between the two new parishes. It was more common for new parishes to have "daughter" status, with wealth retained by the central, or cathedral church.
There are three public houses within Old Kilpatrick; The Twisted Thistle, The Ettrick  and the Glen Lusset. The Twisted Thistle was previously known as the Telstar. After the closure of The Telstar, the building was renovated and reopened in 2014 as The Twisted Thistle.
There are two annual fêtes which are well attended. Also at the north end of Old Kilpatrick is the local school. Gavinburn Primary School (which was bombed in WW2) where they also have many fêtes annually.
In the early 1990s a large housing estate was constructed at the edge of Old Kilpatrick, the one estate was said to double the size of Old Kilpatrick.
The ancient graveyard surrounding the old parish church still has surviving gravestones from the 17th century. The current building dates from 1812 and is still in use as the local Church of Scotland parish church, now linked with neighbouring Bowling Parish Church.
The local Roman Catholic church is St. Patrick's RC Church; the current parish priest is Fr. Francis Wilson. Sadly a fire in August 2015 saw the RC congregation temporarily without a place to worship, taking up the kind offer of the nearby Church of Scotland congregation to use their building, a friendly act of ecumenism in part of Scotland traditionally torn by bigotry.
Many soldiers from Old Kilpatrick perished during the First World War.
- Chris Baillie
- Bobby Finan footballer.
- Ian Niall, or John McNeillie, a writer, was born here.
- This is one of several locations that it is suggested that Saint Patrick of Ireland was captured at and enslaved in Ireland in the 5th century.
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- MacDonald, James (1897). Tituli Hunteriani: An Account of the Roman Stones in the Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow. Glasgow: T. & R. Annan & Sons. pp. 20–21. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
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- "distance slab of the Twentieth Legion, recording the completion of 4411 feet". Hunterian Museum Archaeology & Ethnography Collections: GLAHM F.15. University of Glasgow. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- "Search on Old Kilpatrick". Hunterian Museum. University of Glasgow. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
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- "Beaker, Old Kilpatrick". Retrieved 30 November 2017.
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- "Altar to Jupiter, Old Kilpatrick". Retrieved 2 June 2018.
- McCardel, J (1949). The Parish of New Kilpatrick. University Press Glasgow.
- Leicester, Addis, M.B. (1901). The cathedrals and abbeys of Presbyterian Scotland : [their history and associations]. Philadelphia: Westminster Press. pp. 172–173. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
- The Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707, K.M. Brown et al (St Andrews University) Date accessed: 13 September 2011
- History of Drumchapel Archived 10 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- Statistical Accounts of Scotland 1834-45 vol 8 p23
- Greg, Robert Philips; Lettsom, William Garrow (1858). Manual of the Mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. London: J. Van Voorst. pp. 158–159. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
- Alec Livingstone, 2002, Minerals of Scotland, Edinburgh, National Museums of Scotland
- "Old Kilpatrick Parish Church 1893". West Dunbartonshire Council. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- McArthur, Maxine (31 October 2017). "Former Old Kilpatrick Royal Navy oil refinery to be turned into marine technology hub". Clydeband Post. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- Stewart-Robertson, Tristan (1 May 2017). "Massive plot of Old Kilpatrick land could become community wooded area for residents". Clydebank Post. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- The roll of honour of Old Kilpatrick Parish Church 1914-1919. Old Kilpatrick Parish Church. 1923. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Old Kilpatrick.|
- Video footage of Ferrydyke Quay and Bascule Bridge.
- Video footage of Donald's Quay Stables, Ferrydyke Quay.